In recent years,
according to the statistics of WHO, Vietnam is among 50 nations belonging to
top two in the cancer map of the world (Viet Nam ranks in the top two on the
map of cancer in the world, 2016). “One of the most popular cancer diseases having
the highest number of cases and increasing rapidly is lung cancer which mainly
caused of using tobacco”, said that Tran Van Thuan, Direction of the Central
Hospital (Viet Nam ranks in the top two on the map of cancer in the world,
2016). However, not only in Viet Nam but also other countries in the world,
this disease has steadily increased with enormous user numbers, typically in
America. In 2008, 24.8 million men and 21.1 million women, accounting for 23.1
percent and 18.3 percent respectively of the total population were smokers (
Cigarettes smoking among adults and trends in smoking cessation in the United
States, 2008).No matter how harmful smoking is, it is likely that many people
continue to smoke. It is clear that smoking is a worrying problem for society
and countries around the world in terms of its effects on human health. Therefore,
this paper with the aims to raise awareness on reducing smoking, will discuss the
causes, effects and solutions to solve this problem.
2. Discussion of findings
2.1. History of tobacco.
To date, cigarettes are not a new
concept and appear in almost every country in the world. Nevertheless, so far
this has been a big concern to both each country but also the whole society.
Tobacco has been growing wild in the United States for about 8,000 years.
However, it only began to be used and smoked in some cultures and spiritual
events or few countries in the world, also, it’s not widely really known at
this time. Christopher Columbus, a European, is the first person discovered
tobacco. By 1600 it was used extensively in many counties all over the world
especially in Europe and England and became more popular in the 1700s. Then
tobacco industry developed industry and rapidly became one of the mainstream
industries in many countries with huge profits. Especially, smoking rose dramatically
during the world wars; however, in the late of twentieth century, it lost its attraction
because of increase in comprehension negative impacts on people’s health (A
brief history of Tobacco, 2014).
2.2. The facts and causes of smoking recently.
From appearing to the present,
smoking is the most common habit of people in the many parts of the world
without limited to age, gender, career or social standing. In 2012, it was
estimated that 18.1% of people in the USA, 18 and order, were current smokers (Current
cigarette smoking among adults in the United States, 2008). Insides, the number
of people in the 25-44 age group accounted for the largest percentage of
smokers ( at 17.7%), 17.0% of people who often smoked is the 45-64 year-olds,
13% is people aged 18-24 and people in the oldest age group, which made up 8.4%
, had the smallest number of smokers (Current Smoking Among Adults , 2015 ). By
gender, in developed countries, the sex percentage of men to women is 2:1, for
developing nations is 7:1 (Cigarette smoke and adverse health effects: An
overview of research trends and future needs, 2007). However, there are several
reasons why smoking more and more in many countries of the world. Nowadays, workplace
is a place which have the majority of smoking persons because they are under
pressure from working. This is the first cause. They chose to smoke to release
psychological and reduce stress. Many others want to smoke cigarettes to
concentrate when they are working which will bring a good results. Besides,
many people smoke because it is a good way to deal with post-traumatic stress
disorder (PTSD) symptoms, negative moods, and the stress of daily life. The
second reason is the lack of self-control of the smokers when they are affected
by external factors. For example, when having lived with friends who
chain-smoke and become addicted to tobacco smoked, the teenage will be enticed
easily and of course, they can become a smoking person.In orther way, teenagers
have tendency to be curious so they’ll surely imitate the same. A thing that is
the most important factor is a lack of education from their family. Maybe
because of being busy with making money or parents are smokers is basic reason
which lead to children exposure to tobacco early.
As reported by the Harvard University
School of Public Health in 1994 (Cigarette smoke and adverse health effects: An
overview of research trends and future needs, 2007), it was predicted that
morbidity and mortality from smoking cigarettes will increase nearly threefold
in the worldwide in 2025. It is also projected that tobacco using status will
be an epidemic of the mankind in the next 20-30 years.
2.3. The effects of using tobacco.
Although there are some small positive
effects, most comments suggested that smoking is bad for health because it
influences not only health but also environment and society. The main reason is
that cigarettes contains many harmful components, “There are more than 4000
chemicals in tobacco smoke, of which at least 250 are known to be harmful and
more than 50 are known to cause cancer.”(Tobacco, 2017)
“Smoking which involves tobacco which
then contains a certain chemical known as nicotine. Nicotine is highly
addictive chemical, and a smoking person can become a slave of nicotine for
very long time if he/she is not cautious a first time. Tobacco other than
nicotine contains nineteen different cancer causing chemicals, and together
these chemical are called tar.”(The Harmful Effects of Smoking Health and
Social Care Essay, 23rd March, 2015)
Firstly, smoking affects on health both smoking person
and the non-smokers around him. Smokers are people threatened the most because
there are many risk of diseases germs in tobacco which causes of many different
health problems. Smoking is principally damaging to the heart and lung and can
lead to a number of lung diseases or disorders including COPD (Chronic
Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder), lung cancer, heart diseases, Emphysema, and
shortness of breath (The Harmful Effects Of Smoking Health And Social Care
Essay, 2015). According to some reports by WHO, each day, average 5 million
people died because of smoking cigarettes and this number could increase in 10
million by 2020 if government in each nationsmdon’t have effective solutions to
limit this proble. In addition, smoke is very easy to spread in the air,
therefore, people around them are affected espcially women and children (Tobacco,
2017). For instance, in Vietnam, there are about 600,000 death due to inspire
smoke every year who without using it and nearly 60% – 80% children under 5
years old are affected by smoking( Vietnm: 600,000 people die every year due to
passive smoking, 2016). Besides, smoking is an important to get the habit which
lose life expectancy (10 years) and costly when people smoke.
Secondly, smoke also affects on the environment a lot.
Almost people think that smoke only is destructive their health but in fact it
is also the cause of environmental pollution. The reason is because an amount
of waste are released when people smoke including a lot of toxic chemicals such
as oils, plastic, glycol, nicotine and so on (Cause and effect essay: Bad
effects of smoking, 2011). Cigarette includes aproximately 4,000 chemicals
which leads to an enormous quantity of polution released in the atmosphere
every day (How Smoking Affects the Environment, 2011).These make soil, water as
well air is contamination, even killed many animals and plants. It is difficult
for these substances to decompose in a short period of time and there is a need
to improve the contamined resources.
Especially, on dry seasons, a small amount of cigarette smoke can also
cause forest fires and consequences of ecology forest.
Finally, not only health and environment but also
society is affected a lot by smoking. Tobacco is not cheap, so it would control
many countries’s economic and make them can’t develop. Moreover, people would
spend huge money to pay for health services and for treating diseases cause of
using tobacco. “In fact, expense for treating diseases cause by tobacco in
Vietnam increases rapidly from 429, 8 billion in 2004 to 1160 billion in 2006,
and in the future this expense maybe higher.” (Cause and effect essay: Bad
effects of smoking, 2011). Furthemore, smoking also creates social evils which
could change our life in the negative direction.
In general, there would be a lot of problems going on
if people smoke.
2.4. The solutions to reduce or quit
using cigarettes statement.
the last few decades, rate of smokers have steedly decreased in the USA, for
example; however, more practical measures should be taken to eliminate this
epidemic round the world. This is not only the responsibility for governments
but also the duty of all people.
The task comes first from the leaders in nations. Government’s
nations need to take measures to deal with the smuggling of cigarettes. This is
one of the most serious problems that keep smoking in the life. Especially,
increase taxes or redesigned packages on this good is an important things on
this time. Moreover, there should have educational programs, campaigns to
propagandize and give the best advices to everyone. On the other hand,
community levels should encourage healthier lifestyle habits and combine smoking
cessation programs into existing health care systems is also a need.
Furthemore, there are many good others especially in
American with new creations.
“On the federal level, last year the FDA issued
guidance to health insurance companies that make coverage of smoking cessation
medications mandatory under Obamacare. The FDA also drafted recommendations to
regulate marketing and sales of electronic cigarettes, though the laws have yet
to be passed. The CDC also launched two public health media campaigns, one of
which was meant to target teens.” (Should the government be doing more to reduce
smoking, January 21, 2015)
In addition, family and school should join hands in
education and care more their children. Children need to have a special care
for a healthy life in the future. However, the conscious of themselves smokers
is still the most important things because they is a unique person that know
how to adjust as well as give up their bad habits.
Overall, smoking cigarettes influents a lots on
human’s health and we should limit or give up it to protect our life. However,
there is no denying the positive aspects that tobacco brings to the health.
Although that, it’s very important for people to realize the danger of smoking.
“That’s why WHO choose the day 31/5 is World No Tobacco Day. All of us join
together to make a world without smoke.” (Cause and effect essay: Bad effects
of smoking, 2011)