1.The author’s biological background: The book Lucky was published on August 4th, 1999, by Alice Sebold, whereas both of her parents are very well educated; dad is a spanish professor, and mom worked as a journalist for a small newspaper company. But she grew up in a family dominated by dysfunction, and wasn’t raised by both mother and father, because Alice’s mom suffers in panic attack and anxiety issues and is also an alcoholic, which leads to Jane, Alice’s mom often leaving Alice with her sister, Mary to take care of Alice most of the time.
In her highschool life, Alice began writing that later become Lucky as a ten-page fiction assignment for her class in school, where later she made the assignment into a “misery memoir” which is based on author’s memory and real experience from the rape, as well as personal stories. Alice reveals her story and the aftermath as an eighteen-year-old college student getting raped, and how ever since then, her life changed. The book “Lucky” later became author #1 bestselling books after publishing the book. The name “Lucky” came from the story that the policeman told her, how in the same tunnel she was raped in, a girl was killed and her body was disconnected, and in comparison, Alice was more lucky. On the cover of the book, the author wrote ” In the tunnel where i was raped, a girl had been murdered and dismembered. I was told this story by the police.
In comparison, they said I was lucky” In this quote, it is very ironic because Alice was not lucky, but in fact that she is lukier in comparison, but both of them weren’t lucky, they suffered and was unlucky for them to experience that. Yes she is lukier that she came out of that tunnel alive and get to know who raped her, and the other girl will never knew who killed her,instead it would be lucky for Alice if she never experienced that tragic event, and while she was experiencing that. It would’ve been much better if she was saved, and never got raped. 2.The Book “lucky” has thirteen chapters, and way before the chapter started there are many quotes written for Alice Sebold’s book, Lucky. After her story ended, the author also wrote extra stories, and one of them is called “Aftermath” and the other one “Afterword”.
The aftermath chapter that the author wrote, mostly included the afterlife of Alice, what happened to her after the rape, like how she moved to New York, and worked as a teacher’s assistance, wither other students that are also raped, and how she began to move on as time goes by. Alice reveals how things changed after the rape, how she is not a virgin anymore and is considered “unclean”, and how no boys will like her anymore because she was raped. People looked at her weird, putting all the attention on her and was talking about her when she went back to the dorm all injured the author states, “I was being watched; how could i not have been” (Sebold 11). As Alice could fee all the pressure, the look and the stare, she feels embarrassed, the author suggests, ” I was aware I was being stared at” (Sebold 11). The final story ” Afterword”, a story that was told and wrote thirty-six years later after the tragic event happened to her, and eighteen years later since the book was first published.
Alice explained what happened to the rapist, how he deserved his punishment; arrested, went to trial, and served in jail. The author confessed how, she decided, if she survived the rape, she will write about it, and talks about her hardships, and everything she been through, and that’s is why the book exist in today, she came out alive, remembering the miserable event that happened to her, by writing a memoir novel and published it to teach other people a lesson or the reader a lesson, and don’t go through what she’s going through. At the same time it makes other people to feel better if they also experienced rape, it makes them think that they are not lonely, they are not by their self and getting experience from Alice. 3.Point of view of this book is in the “I” form, a story that is told based on her own memory, the author illustrates her personal feelings, but the reader doesn’t know if there are any memories left untold, and how there might be some memories forgotten, blurry, and incomplete, and throughout the story there is no shift in point of view.
Alice expresses her feeling, and the things she’ve been through in her own point of view, and informs the reader what she believe how other people thinks about her as well as what’s really going on in her mind. There’s also things that only the reader knows, something that she never expressed it to other people, things that she only said in her head. The author writes, “‘ This is what I remember'” (Alice 1) This suggests that the story is based on what she acknowledges. ” In the tunnel where i was raped” (Alice xv) By putting this quote on the book, the Author is revealing that this is her story, her experience. 4. In the book Lucky by Alice Sebold, diction and word choices plays a large role in the book, and the diction is informal mixed with formal which is very important throughout the book, although the language could be a little complicated to understand, curse words are also used by the rapist on Alice during the rape. In the following passages, the author implied meaningful words in her sentences to make it more significant, by analyzing it more, somehow there’s other meaning to it.
Passage 1: She and I played at being friends until we got lost in the wider world of grade school and junior high. We were sitting on my front lawn near the mailbox pulling up grass. We had just that week begun to ride on the bus together.
As we pulled grass up in fistfuls and made a little pile by our knees, she said, “My mom says you’re weird.” Shocked into a sort of mock adulthood, I said, “What?” “You won’t be mad, will you?” she pleaded. I guaranteed her I wouldn’t. “Mom and Dad and Jill’s mom and dad said your family is weird.” I began to cry.’I don’t think you’re weird,’ she said. “I think you’re fun.
” even then i know envy. I wanted her blonde, strawlike hair, which she wore down, not my stupid brunet braids with the bangs my mother cut by strapping plastic tape across them and cutting along its edge. I wanted her father, who spent time out-side and, on the few occasions I ever visited her, she said things like “What’s shakin’, bacon?” and “See you later, alligator.” I heard my parents in one ear: Mr. Halls was low-class, had a beer gut, wore workman’s clothes;and my playmate in the other hand: my parents were weird. My father worked behind closed doors inside the house, had a huge ancient latin dictionary on a wrought-iron stand, spoke spanish on the phone, and drank sherry and ate raw meat, in the form or chorizo, at five o’clock. Until the day in the yard with my playmate I thought this was what fathers did. Then I began to catalog and notice.
They moved lawns. They drank beer. They played in the yard with their kids, walked around the block with their wives, piled into campers, and, when they went out, wore joke ties or polo shirts, not Phi Beta Kappa keys and tailored vests. The mothers were a different matter and I loved mine so fiercely that I never wanted to admit to envy there. I did note that my mother seemed more anxious and less concerned with makeup, clothes, and cooking than the other mothers did. I wished my mother were normal, like other moms, smiling and caring, seemingly, only for her family.
(Sebold 34)This passage shows that how envy Alice is and the reason why she’s envy. This gives a little background story about her and her family, and what is like in her family, whether or not she’s happy or sad. It reveals what kind of personalities that the sebold family has.Passage 2: ‘let’s talk about this poem you’ve given me, Alice,’ she said. And somehow I ended up telling her my story.
And she listened. She was not bowled over, not shocked, not even scared of the burden this might make me as her student. She was not motherly or nurturing, though she was both those things in time.
She listened for the pain in my words… ‘ how about you start a poem with this line’ and she wrote. If they caught you, long enough for me to see that face again, maybe I would know your name. I could stop calling you ‘the rapist,’ and start calling you John or Luke or Paul.
I want to make my batred large and whole. If they found you, i could take those solid red balls and slice them separately off, as everyone watched. I have already planned what i would do for a pleasurable kill, a slow, soft, ending. First I would kick hard and straight with a boot, into you, stare while you shot quick and loose, contents a bloody pink bue. Next, I would slice out your tongue, you couldn’t curse, or scream. Only a face pain would speak for you, you thick ignorance through. Thirdly, should I back away those sweet cow eye with the glasses blade you made me lie down on? Or should I shoot, with a gun, close into the knee; where they say the cap shatters immediately? I picture now, your fingers rubbing sleep from those live blind eyes, while I rise restlessly.
I need the blood of your hide on my hands. I want to fuck you with knives. Come to me, come to me, come die and lie, beside me.” When I finished this poem I was shaking.
I was in my room at Haven Hall. Despite its wobbles as a poem, its heavily Plath-influenced rhymes, or what Gallagher later called “overkill” in many places, it was the first time I’d addressed the rapist directly. I was speaking to him. (Sebold 100-101)This later on passage describes how Alice is going to deal with the rapist, and is very detailed, Alice employed imagery in this passage. The author listed all the steps of how she’s going to kill the rapist, and reveals how much hate she has towards the him too. Passage 3: I was tired but knew now that Mastine would handle me gently if he could. His tone was firm but I trusted him. Mastine was concerned with working at Paquette’s former territory, Going back to strengthen weak lines.
He made a quick five points. First he established how it was and how tired I was when I give my statement on the night of the rape. He had me detail all the things I had been through and on no sleep. That he moved onto my statement on October 5, The one Paquette had gleefully put forth to me- the feeling verses sure. Mastine was able to establish that, as I had said, it was an affidavit in which I retold the encounter with Madison chronologically.
I first saw him from the back and had a feeling. I then saw him gave- on and was sure. Then he asked me if anyone was with me. He wanted to punt out that because my father was present, I had elected to decline the presence of a rape crisis representative. ‘My father is waiting outside,’ I said. The fact that didn’t seem real to me. Far away in the hall outside, he was reading. Latin.
I hadn’t thought of him since entering the courtroom. I couldn’t. Mastin asked me how long i had been under Madison in the tunnel and how far away from his face i was. ‘One centimeter,’ I said. Then he asked me a question I felt uncomfortable with, one I had known he might ask if Paquette’s approach warranted it. ‘Could you give the judge an idea of how many young black men you would see on daily average in your travels, or class or dormitory or at all?’ Paquette objected.
I knew why. It went straight to his case. ‘Overruled’ said Gorman. I said ‘ A lot,’ and Mastine had me quantify. ‘More than fifty or less?’I said it was more. The whole thing made me uncomfortable, separating the students i knew by their race, pooling them into columns, and tabulating their number.
But this wouldn’t be the first time, or the last, that I wished my rapist had been white.” (Alice 205-206)In this last passage I chose, Alice Describes her experience on court with the judge, and how the judge asked he many questions that made her very uncomfortable. She faced so many black man, just because her rapist was black, to the point that she wish her rapist was rather white.5. The author uses medium length syntax to express her word choice, for example throughout the book she uses the word, “rape” and “black” and as well curse words. The sentences are simple but are also mixed with a little bit of complex and needs to analyze each word a little deeper sometimes in order to understand what the author is really trying to express. To explain her story based on her memory, word choices; diction, and syntax is every important for the reader to understand.
Alice’s style is more tight than loose, the sentences are sometimes short, and sometimes long. For example in passage 2: If they caught you, long enough for me to see that face again, maybe I would know your name. I could stop calling you ‘the rapist’, and start calling you John or Luke or Paul. I want to make my hatred large and whole. If they found you, I could take those solid red balls and slice them separately off, as everyone watched.
I have already planned what I would do for a pleasurable kill, a slow, soft, ending. First, I would kick hard and straight with a boot, into you, stare while you shot quick and loose, contents a bloody pink hue. Next, I would slice out your tongue, You couldn’t curse, or scream. Only a face of pain would speak for you, your thick ignorance through. Thirdly, Should I hack away those sweet cow eyes with the glass blades you made me lie down on? Or should I shoot, with a gun, close into the knee; where they say the cap shatters immediately? I picture you now, your fingers rubbing sleep from those live blind eyes, while I rise restlessly. I need the blood of your hide on my hands.
I want to kill you with boots and guns and glass. I want to fuck you with knives. Come to me, Come to me, Come die and lie, beside me. ( Alice 100-101)In the passage above, that’s where the author used short sentences to express her feelings where she used really aggressive words towards the rapist. Word choices that were applied in the poem are words such as; rapist, kill, and the curse, fuck. These words were effectively used and expressed Alice’s feeling and emotion.
Short syntax applied, which illustrated how straightforward the author were. 6. In the book “Lucky” by Alice Sebold, the author uses simile, metaphor, personification and many other devices to express the significant meaning of her book. In the following quote Sebold reveals how she truly feels about the rape that had happened, filled with regret, and sorrow, the author states “Everything was wrong. It was wrong that I couldn’t walk through a park at night.
It was wrong that I was raped. It was wrong that my rapist assumed he was untouchable or that as a Syracuse coed I was most certainly treated better by the police.” (Sebold 112) This quote is very important because it reveals how truly Alice feels about the rape, something that Sebold never told anyone, something that she had always kept it to herself. Furthermore, the author tells the reader how she wishes everything that happened in her dream and nightmare can all apply to the rapist, Alice hope that the rapist can deserve all the punishment there is, it it could release some of the horrific events that’s going on in her mind. In reality, people often dream about the things they overly stress about, this shows how much stress Alice has, and all the things thats overloaded in her head, the author writes,That night I had a dream. Al Tripodi was in it. In a prison cell, he and two other men held my rapist down. I began to perform acts of revenge on the rapist but to no avail.
He wrested loose from Tripodi’s grasp and came at avail. He wrested loose from Tripodi’s grasp and came at me. I saw his eyes as I had seen them in the tunnel. Close up. I woke screaming and held myself upright in my damp sheets.(Sebold 116) The author tells the reader how much the rapist affected her emotion through her nightmare dream that she had. In this passage Alice applied personification, it is symbolism and it is a representation to the event that happened on Alice, and this is significant and has a really deep meaning in it. Lastly but not least, because throughout the book, the author implied many literary devices, significant meanings in the book, and one of them is when Alice was describing herself, the author writes, ” there were going to be reasons put forth by people, perhaps, that would prevent me from helping.
I was to be banished. I had the disease, it was catching.” (Sebold 233) In this quote the author employed simile, Alice compares herself to other people, she thinks she different from everyone else, she think she has diseases because she was raped, and it is spreading and unclean.7. In the book a while after Alice was Raped, she talks about her feeling with the rapist, which is when she applied irony to her statement to change up the tone and mood a little bit once a while. For example when she is often told that she is lucky when she’s really not. When the author says how she wants the rapist to become her husband when as much as we know, Sebol hates the rapist so much, Sebold states “I share my life with my rapist.
He is the husband to my fate.” (Sebold 51) We, the readers all know throughout the book, Alice mentions a lot of how much she hates the rapist. How much she wants to kill him, put him in jail, get punishments while being watched by everyone just like how Alice was being watched after she was raped. At this point, when the author says that the rapist is her husband of her fate, i believe that she is suggesting an device; irony, where the words mean the opposite of what ones is saying. In this quote Alice also exaggerated the fact that the rapist is her husband which she would never want the rapist to be her husband, in fact that she wish she have never met the rapist, and wished she was a virgin until she meets the guy she loves. Throughout the book, the author used the device like irony and hyperbole frequently to change up the tone of the mood.
The effect of the amount of irony and hyperbole is applied makes the book more significant and interesting to read, it is important to define these literary devices to fully understand the text. 8. The tone of the whole book is really deep and sad, though the author herself has a really angry, and hatred tone towards the guy who raped her. Consider the fact the in the beginning of the book, I witness the horfied event that happened to a college girl that was only 17, a girl named Alice, she was raped and beaten, and in the same tunnel she was raped in, another was killed, this illustrated the tone of the book already, how in the beginning of the book was already really sad and deep.
And what happened to Alice, she was luckier, she survived and she is able to find her rapist and see him get punishment. But instead in the other hand, the girl in that same tunnel that was killed, she is unable to find whoever did that to her, it will be forever unknown to her. In the following quote, the author expressed her feelings, while she was looking at photos of her father and her dead grandma through a sad tone, the author states, ” Even then I felt the absence of something I couldn’t then name and it hurt me for my mother, who I instinctively knew needed it, and would, I imagined, flourish under it.” (Sebold 39) Here we can see a sad atmosphere because Alice mentioned her dead grandma, and later in the sentence she also mentioned how she felt about her mom and dad’s marriage, filled with emptiness. Furthermore, as the story continues, Alice applies a more of mad tone toward the policeman who left her to go after the three black students who were considered the “troublemakers”, the author states, I was mad at this policeman for leaving us there. I was mad at Ken for being a wimp. I knew no good would come of an angry man, speeding on a adrenaline, looking for revenge for his raped neice.
I was in the center of it all and simultaneously I realized I didn’t exist. I was just a catalyst that made people nervous, guilty, or furios, I was frightened, but more than anything I was disgusted. (Alice 112)At this point, Alice was mad at the policeman, Ken, at everyone and everything, even herself. She was disgusted at the fact that she was raped, and that she’s feeling the pittyness from everyone else, like the way people looked at her, and they way people talks to her. (growth)9. The central theme of the memoir Lucky by Alice Sebold revolves around the discussion of Sebold’s rape and how it affected her later on in life as girl who is considered unclean and lost their virginity in such a young age.
Alice agitates how nice boys will not like her anymore, she was damaged, bloodied and it makes her uncomfortable due to the way people looks at her, how people judges her because she was raped, as well as the how she was discussed behind her back The tragic event that happened to her was life changing, this caused Alice to hold much hatred towards the rapist. However many people may think that Alice really good at enduring it so well, they think she was so strong, but what they don’t know is that, Sebold is ruined on the inside, physically and mentally, it’s just that it was never expressed all her feelings and all the suffering was all locked, and unexpressed. Alice states, I was aware I was being stared at. Party-goers coming home or grinds taking in the last bit of sober air before the summer. They talked. But I wasn’t there. I heard them outside of me, but like a stroke victim, I was locked inside my body. They came up to me.
Some ran, but then stepped back when I didn’t respond. ‘Hey, did you see her?’ they said to one another. ‘She’s really fucked up.’ ‘Look at the blood.’ I made it down the hill, past those people. I was afraid of everyone. (Sebold 11) When Sebold made her way back to the dorm, all those people’s action made her feel difficult, difficult to face them, difficult for her to even be there, to the point that she locked herself inside her body. It was already too much for a college freshman to handle the rape, but she also have to go through everyone staring at her, talking about her and all those people that ran away like she was a monster.
A secondary theme that emphasized the progress of growth Alice has made after she was raped, it revealed how in the beginning she was a shy girl to now, independence, has a lot courage to fight back. Alice was so brave to be at court and tell the judge everything that happened to her, and yes of course she was scared but she wasn’t being a coward, she stood there until it was over, until she was successful. The author writes, ” The bailiff looked at me.’I’ve been in this business for thirty years,’ he said.
‘You are the best rape witness I’ve ever seen on the stand.’ I would hold on to that moment for years.” (Sebold 206) the author suggests how when the bailiff complimented her, it was the best moment that she will remember forever because it illustrated how Alice was successful, and accomplished what she always wanted to accomplish. The author reveals her independent self through the event of the court, she was on court by herself, without anyone’s help, she did all that just by herself, she is never that shy girl that was so doubtful at herself, compare her now to when she was first raped, it was a good change, this tragic event made her grow up to a different person, to an independent women. 10.