Astudy on job satisfaction of women workers in fireworks in sivakasi talukIntroduction The development of any nationprimarily depends upon its industrial development, which makes richcontribution to the growth of a nation. The economic role played by womencannot be isolated from the framework of development. Women workers remainsignificantly poor and are far less legally protected.
The choice available towomen in developing countries are even starker, and they are oftenq forced tosell their limited time in extremely poorly paid and poorly protectedemployment. The informal economy, with labour-intensive technologies and harshworking conditions, tends to absorb most of these workers. Although these jobsmight be euphemistically considered flexible, they are coupled withconsiderable work related hazards. The essential difference between women andmen workers clearly lies in the multiple labour roles that women are forced totake on as workers and primary caretackers of children, husband and other membersof an extended family. The spectre of unpaid work also looms large.Therole of women in socio-economic development has undergone a marked change overthe years. The world of women is no longer confined to household activities.
Today, they actively contribute to the promotion of economic development indifferent capacities. The contribution of women to economic development isgauged by their work participation rate. There are reasons for the increasedrole of women entering the labour market. There is evidence to show that womenparticipation in the labour market in India is mostly in response to economicneed. The nation is committed to a steady improvement in the status of womenand one of the most important means would be to secure for them a fair share ofemployment opportunities. Women workers are also encouraged to participate inorganisational work to safeguard their own interest.
The structural changes inthe economy and decay of traditional industries and services have displacedwomen workers on a large scale. The Industrial development also contributes tourbanization as it spreads everywhere and these indirectly awakens the ruralilliterates. Firework industries are one of the traditional industries insivakasi. A large portion of these industries is located in Sivakasi. Thedevelopment of firework industries has paved the way for the emergence of otherancillary industries such as chemical industries, cardboard items, waste papercutting, punching and trading business and so on. The firework industries playa dominant role in the development of ancillary industries and raising thestandard of living of people.
The firework industry is highly labour-intensive.They give employment opportunity to more and more people directly andindirectly.Job satisfaction is a general attitude towardsone’s job, the difference between the amount of reward workers receive and theamount they believe they should receive.
Employee is a backbone of everyorganization, without employee, no work can be done. Therefore, employee’ssatisfaction is very important. Employees will be more satisfied if they getwhat they expected, job satisfaction relates to inner feelings of workers. Assivakasi is famous for fireworks industries, the main aim of this study is to analyzethe satisfaction level of fireworks women employees. The organization may giveimportance to certain factors such as Canteen, rest room facilities, rewards,recognition and promotion policy so that satisfaction of the employees may beimproved further.STATEMENT OF THEPROBLEM Anindustry’s development depends up on the satisfaction of the employees.Sivakasi is a fast growing town in virudhunagar district with commercial andindustrial activities comprising large number of firework industries. Fireworksare one of the labour intensive industries.
This industry mainly depends up onwomen workers than up on men. Most of the women workers come for work to tideover their economic difficulties and supplement their family income. They arefacing many problems at work spot such as bad working conditions, welfarefacilities and so on. Women employees play an important role, so womenemployee’s satisfaction is a very essential one; hence, there arises a need tostudy the job satisfaction of fire-works industry in women employees.
OBJECTIVES OF THESTUDY1. To know the socio economic profile of the women worker in fireworksindustry.2. To analysis the Opinion Regarding the Job Satisfaction of the WomenEmployees in Fireworks Industries.
3. To know the problems of women workers in firework industry.4. Tosuggest some measures for improving the satisfaction level of the women employees. REVIEW OF LITERATURER.Soundara valliin her study,” Living conditions of workers in Fireworks” observed that thesocio-economic conditions of the women workers in the fireworks are poor.
V.Kumaravalli in her study on the,” Jobsatisfaction of women workers in virudhunagar district” stressed that womenworkers are satisfied with their job only up to medium level.Mr.Jayaraj in his study titled,” A Studyon job satisfaction of the women workers in Firework industries at virudhunagardistrict” has suggested that majority of the workers in the study units arewomen. They are not given proper education in their childhood.
He has suggestedsome measures to promote their education.S.Mariappan in his study on “Jobsatisfaction of the women workers” has explained the living conditions, workingcondition, welfare measures and industrial relations of the women workers inthe factories and stated that they are not good” Mcafee, R. Bruce and Glassman, Myron intheir study, “Job satisfaction, conclude – “It?s the little things that countand determine the factors influencing job satisfaction.
An alignment ofemployee wants, expectations and needs with what is actually received from thejob could enhance job satisfaction. They suggested that the managers should usetechniques to enhance employee satisfaction according to the job satisfactionstage that the employee was in at the time.Deepakkumar N. Parmar (2012) concludesthat ” job satisfaction represents one of the most complex areas facing today?smanagers when it comes to managing their employess. Although thousands ofpapers and research have been conducted on job satisfaction all over the world,in the Republic of Macedonia this is one of the least studied research fields.Many efforts are in place for the motivation of workers, while the level ofmotivation has an impact on productivity, and hence also performance of businessorganizations .There is a considerable impact of the employee?s perceptions forthe nature of his work and the overall job satisfaction. Financial compensationhas a great impact on the overall job satisfaction of employees.
D.Sinha in hisstudy,” Job Satisfaction in office and Manual workers” found that inadequatesalary and insufficient leave were the most frequent contributors todissatisfaction and that salary and security were more important todissatisfied workers than the satisfied workers. C.L.Nataraj and A. Hajeez in their study,” A Study of Job Satisfaction among Skilled Workers” have stated that skilledworkers are more highly satisfied workers than those in other categories. Reference 1.
R.soundara valli, “Living Conditions ofWomen worker in Fireworks industry” Unpublished M.phil., Dissertation submitted to A.J.
College, Sivakasi, March1999.2.Kumuthavalli, “Job Satisfaction of Women worker in Virudhunagar District”,Unpublished M.Phil.
, Dissertation Submittedto A.J.College, Sivakasi, March 1995.3.Jayaraj, “Job Satisfaction of Women worker in Firework industries atVirudhunagar District”, Unpublished M.Phil.,Dissertation Submitted to A.
J.College, Sivakasi, March 2002.4.Mariappan, “Job Satisfaction of Women Workers,” Unpublished M.Phil DissertationSubmitted to A.J.College, Sivakasi, March 1990.
5. Mcafee, “Job Satisfaction – Its theLittle Things that Count”, Journal of Management Solutions, Vol.33, Issue 8,1998, pp.32-37 6.
Deepakkumar N.Parmar, The Reviwe of job satisfaction InternationalMultidisciplinary e – journal, ISSN 2277 -4262, Vol. I Issuse IX Sep -2012.7. D.Sinha, “Job Satisfaction in officeand Manual Workers”, Indian Journal ofSocial Work 19(1), 1958, pp.
L.Nataraj andA.Hajeez, “A study of Job Satisfaction among Skilled Workers”, Indian Journal of Social Work, 26(1),1965, pp.9-11.