Agriculture plays a vital role in the economic development of all developed and developing countries. Owing to the varietal and agronomic interventions of agricultural research and the resourcefulness are the fortunes of economic development. The Green Revolution increases in food crop production such as wheat, rice and other cereals at the same time, considerable efforts were also taken to achieve similar increases in non-food crop production viz: coconut, groundnut, sugarcane, cotton etc., in India coconut occupies a unique position in commercial agriculture as a fibre, food, oilseed and beverage crop. The coconut palm products are a major source of livelihood to a sizeable section of the rural folk in the tropical region and also earn significantly extensive earnings of some of the Asian and Pacific countries.
Commercially each part of trees is very much useful and gainful. It has also an assortment of medicinal values and it is using in beauty products. Coconuts are the best to beat the summer heat and provide important nutrients to one’s body from the endosperm of the seed. A cultivation practice of coconut is far and wide seen in tropical countries not only for export earnings not also food and drink for home using up fuels and shelter. `Copra cake’, left after oil extraction, is a valued animal feed, particularly for dairy cattle.
Coconuts are grown-up in more than 86 countries across the globe, with an average production of 54 billion coconuts every year. India ranks at 3rd position, behind Philippines and Indonesia, Therefore, the growths of coconut production and productivity have grow to be an attractive field for research.
Coconut in the world scenario:
The following headings are the list of first top three coconut producing countries in the world:
The tropical climate of this region is ideal for the growth of coconuts, which is the largest producer of Palm oil in the world. According to the Food and Agricultural organization of the United Nations produces about 21,565,700 tonnes of coconuts in 2009. P.T. Indo Vegetable oil Industry companies are the few main coconut exporting companies. Productions of coconuts increased in the past decades as the demand for it has risen. Bakery and confectionery trades largely dried Kernal. This tropical nuts tender coconut juice and its pulp widely used by people.
It’s an island country located in South East Asia western of the Pacific Ocean has tropical Maritime climate and Coconut trees are seen abundant in these regions. According to the Food and Agricultural organization of the United Nations its produces about 19,500,000 tonnes of coconuts in 2009. Coconut oil is being one of the highest exports and profitable of this country.
The peninsular region make the country is one of the prime coastlines. The climate and the geographical region are best for the growth of these trees. According to the Food and Agricultural organization of the United Nations it produces about 10,894,000 tonnes of coconuts in the year 2009.Various companies are producing coir, coconut powder and desiccated coconut provide economic strength to Indian economy.
Coconut is a very functional tree with a coconut products are used to make everything from clothing to animal feed and beauty creams. Its kernel is harvesting for its edible flesh and delicious water, and its husk is used for its sturdy fibers. Oils, which are extracted, processed, and marketed for culinary, medicinal, and cosmetic uses benefits. Typically, the flesh is first dried down to 6 percent moisture to formulate copra. These products are then hauled to factories across the world and where it is manufactured into oil.
The cultivation of over 13 million coconuts of India is an agricultural state and which is known for its crop exports. India is dedicated approximately 21 Lakh hectares of its land for coconut plantation. On an average, the country produces 10 thousand coconuts were in per hectare. Coconuts being a coastal crop are mainly cultivated in Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Odisha, West Bengal, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Pondicherry. Coconut is in their daily meals and it is consumed routinely by Kerala in Southern India, they are consuming the largest consumers and producers of coconut, due to their beautiful coastal locations and wet atmosphere.
The following states have been ranked in India, according to their coconut production in the financial year of 2017-2018.