Antimicrobial and ciprofloxacin-resistant E coli strains in broiler

Antimicrobial resistance has
become one of the most alarming issues for human being throughout the world. This
antimicrobial resistance is considered as one of the three greatest threats to
public health right now in every region of the world and has the potential to
affect anyone, of any age, in any country WHO report, 2011. Antimicrobial
drugs are widely applied in animal husbandry to increase production, treatment
of infectious diseases and as growth promoters Bien et Al. (2015).Sometimes farmers use various antibiotics as a
routine work though the flock is not infected at all. These indiscriminate
usages of antibiotics might have roles in the emergence and dissemination of
multi-drug resistant pathogens including E. coli. Resistance to key
antimicrobials including third generation cephalosporins in E. coli has
been reported from different geographical locations Park et Al. (2012); Jiang
et Al. (2011); Miles et Al. (2006).

Antimicrobial
resistant pathogens get easily transmitted from food animals to human through
food chain Sanjukta et Al. (2016). It is
possible that resistant bacteria are transmitted to humans from animals VonBaum
et Al. (2005). For an example, poultry workers in the United States were
significantly more likely to carry E. coli resistant to gentamycin, an
antibiotic of limited human use, than community controls who were not involved
with poultry production Price et Al. (2007). poultry
farmers had a higher prevalence of carriage of ciprofloxacin resistant E.
coli (17%) than subjects participating in other studies (

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