Architecture structures, but became art. In the


Architecture is the art of designing and
constructing buildings, and has been around for centuries. There
have been many changes throughout the years, with many amazing discoveries and
creations. Throughout the centuries, architecture became a big part of people’s
lives, and eventually became more than just pretty structures, but became art.

            In the nineteenth century, architects were focused on
recreating old styles. Even though they were trying to recreate architecture,
it never ended up being the same as how it was created before. It still would
look like a new style, because of the new skills architects had acquired, and
new materials they started using. Because the newer creations looked different
than the older styles architects were trying to recreate, the name Neo – Classical
was created. The architecture was still a new style for them, therefore the word
“neo” was added to the classical Roman architecture, which is what nineteenth
century Roman architecture was called. Even though the architects at that time
loved older styles, they still wanted to incorporate new building materials,
because they were still dedicated to creating new and improved architecture. Cast
iron was a new material that they started incorporating into their structures, because
they loved the way cast iron gave off an unfinished look to the structures. (Lucie-Smith,

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Architecture has always been involved with the
history of art, for many reasons. Many public buildings, were designed with art
in mind, as well as having the building be functional. Just like art, many architects
worked and were determined to create and build public works to inspire people,
as well as have the buildings serve a purpose. Because of this, the creative
field grew immensely, and many craftsmen went into the field of artists and
laborers, because even though they were creating art, it was hard work. In many
of these buildings, the exterior and interior walls were covered in paintings,
like the Sistine Chapel, Pantheon, and many other artworks. Not only was art
shown through paintings at the buildings, it was also shown through mosaics and
metal work. Because art was considered to be everywhere, throughout the art
movements, both architecture and art were influenced.

During 200 C.E., the Romans created architecture
and art using different materials and techniques. Even though Romans did take
ideas from others, it wasn’t their main goal to recreate something that has already
been made. There were even times when they took an old structure and added their
own ideas to recreate a different version of it. Their version of the Corinthian
capital became much more beautiful and decorative than before. Their influence
came from the Greeks, especially from the bath buildings. They created giant
bath complexes, using arches that came directly from the column capitals, and
extremely long domes. (Ching, 192). One of the main materials that they used
was marble. Foreign marble was extremely popular and was reserved for certain structures,
mainly because it was so expensive. The Romans did have architects, but they
were mostly considered as hard-working builders, because they usually didn’t have
the money to create the ideas they had, but only to show the people above them
what they had in mind. The credit of the buildings always went to the person
who would pay for the project, but never the architect himself.

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