Conflict manifests in abounding societies. Battle may be

Conflict refers to an attempt over
ethics or claims to status, power, and deficient resources, in which the aims
of adverse parties are not alone to accretion the adapted values, but aswell to
neutralize, abuse or annihilate their rivals. Such conflicts may yield abode
amid individuals, collectivities, or amid individuals and collectivities”
(Coser, 1956; 10). Nnoli (1998) postulates that armed battle is assured and
manifests in abounding societies. Battle may be on a baby calibration and
localized or on an ample scale. The above refers to the blazon of battle which
is fought in a about abbreviate aeon of time with the use of baby accoutrements
and ablaze weapons such as apparatus guns, self-loading pistols, rifles, bowls
and arrows, knives and cutlasses (United Nations, 1997). On the added hand, an
ample calibration battle may be fought at national, bounded and all-embracing
level. For instance ample calibration conflicts embodied itself in Somalia,
Rwanda and Liberia (Nnoli 1998).

 

The
end of the Cold War saw an access of new and altered conflicts in abounding
locations of the ethnic groups with Africa accepting her share of these
conflicts (Ali, 2006; Yeomans, 2003). These new conflicts were added
centralized aural the accompaniment and permeated by causes such as indigenous
conflicts amid battling indigenous groups, centralized conflicts, conflicts
over assumption and ability struggles within the accompaniment and conflicts
over the ascendancy of accompaniment assets (Kaldor, 2007; Boege 2006; Idowu,
2005). Most of these conflicts in several locations of Africa accept generally
been apprenticed by indigenous claiming for power, land, resources, the attempt
for identity and, in contempo times, chic struggles for political ascendancy of
accompaniment ability (Osaghae, 2005). These indigenous conflicts, such as the
Sudanese, Burundian and Democratic Republic of Congo’s conflicts, accept
created built-in abhorrence and destructions with their accessory
manifestations of genocide, mistrust, asperity in the administration of ability
and resources among indigenous groups in these states. These new conflicts,
therefore, appropriate new approaches to manage, adapt and resolve them back
they had adverse after-effects on development.

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The
challenge, however, became the new possible conflict resolution approaches and
mechanisms that could be acclimated both at the bounded and civic levels to end
these new conflicts (Ramsbotham, Woodhouse & Miall, 2007). Anderson &
Sumner’s (2006) affirmation explain why

there
is the charge to abstraction battle and the allowances that can be acquired if
battle is prevented in our society, especially abiding agitated conflicts.  It has been acclaimed by Kendie (2010) that in
the last decades of the twenty-first century, about bisected of the West Africa
countries accept accomplished one anatomy of conflict or the other. Battle is
authentic as a perceived difference that may could could cause a agitated
clash, armed confrontation and attempt amid groups and the states whereby those
complex may be afflicted or dead with many humans displaced and backdrop
destroyed. Awedoba (2009) as well conceptualises battle as a relationship amid
two or added parties that centre on difference, disagreements,
incompatibilities and affray of interest amid  added accumulated of association that seeks to
could could cause an absolute or a abrogating change.

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