Constitution guarantees a right to privacy it

Constitution is the body of principles and rules
established in the state or organization and acknowledge to be governed.

Cybercrime is the criminal activities which is done by
using computer on the internet by either.

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Electronic transaction is the transaction, action or set
of transactions of a commercial or non-commercial nature, that takes place

article 16 (1) of the constitution of the united republic of Tanzania
guarantees a right to privacy it says that “every person is entitled to respect
and protection of his person, the privacy of his own person, his family and of
his matrimonial life, and respect and protection of his residence and private
communications   ”

And the article 16 (2) it says that for the purpose of
preserving the person’s right in accordance with this article, the state
authority shall lay down legal procedures regarding the circumstance, manner
and extent to which the right to privacy, security of his person, his property
and residence may be encroached upon without prejudice to the previous of this

article 18 (c) of the constitution of the united republic of Tanzania further
guarantees the freedom to communicate and protection from interference, and
reads as follows “every person has freedom to communicate and a freedom with
protection from interference from his communication.

to the constitution of the united republic of Tanzania everyone has a right to
privacy and freedom  of opinions and
expression on communication, this right also include to provide opinions without
interference from others, receive information from others, to send information
through the communication media but this right can be misused by some peoples
for their personal interest or personal benefits, because of this the
government find it is import to come with more rules that will support the rule
stated in the national constitution about freedom of using medias and that is Cybercrime
act 2005 and Electronic transaction act 2015.

The cybercrime act 2005 state many ethical issues that
are not supposed to be broken by anyone when using computer like illegal
access, illegal device, illegal data interference, pornography, publication of
false information, illegal system interference, illegal remaining, disclosure
of details of an investigation and etc.

Example in section 4(1) Illegal access in this part a person shall not intentionally and
unlawful access or cause a computer system to be accessed, these ethical issues
have been explained with their penalties in case of being broken. A person who
will break that rule will be consider as a person who commit crime and he or
she will be responsible for a fine of not less than three million shillings or
to imprisonment for a term of not less than one year or to both. And in section
14(1) pornography in this part a
person shall not publish or cause to be published through a computer system or
through any other information and communication technology pornographic
material, by doing that a person will be punished for a fine not less than
twenty million shillings or to imprisonment for a term of not less than seven
years or to both. The constitution allows people to have a freedom of exchange materials
through a computer network but during using of network people can hacker data from
other, can post bad pictures or videos can share bad stuffs, the cybercrime
will have an authority of sue anyone who either post, disturb, or cause any
exchange of  bad materials in a computer

On Electronic transaction act 2015 it explain more about
the rights of two parties, groups or two peoples who perform electronic
transaction, it describe the rights of a customer and seller during exchange of
goods or service. Example in section 28(1) of Electronic transaction act 2015 A
supplier offering goods or services for sale, hire or for exchange electronically,
shall provide the following information to customers full name, legal status
and place of business; contact details including physical address, telephone
and e-mail addresses; a full description of the goods or services offered; the
price of the goods or services; information on the payment mechanism that
complies with other written laws and any other relevant information. Also in section 30(1) of electronic
transaction act is say that without prejudice to any other law, a consumer may
within seven days or longer period specified in the agreement, after receiving
the goods or conclusion of the agreement and the customer has not received any
material benefit from the transaction, cancel the agreement for supply of goods
or provision of service, so after a consumer has cancelled the agreement he she
will pay a direct cost of returning the the constitution allow free
communication within a network there are some electronic business can be exchange
of goods or services misunderstanding can happen during electronic business, a company,
individual or any organization can be injustice by other company, individual or
organization by this emergency electronic act will have an authority to sue
that company or individual that have injustice the other.

In generally the constitution of the united republic of
Tanzania is the main body of principles in the country, but cybercrime act 2015
and Electronic transaction act 2015 are the part that try to support what is
stated in the constitution. The main work of the cybercrime act and electronic
transaction act is to protect peoples, infrastructures and government and to
reduce hacking and minimize the problems and cost that can be caused by criminals
in a network. The cybercrime defines the ethics when communicating in a network
and electronic transaction defines ethics when doing any online business, I would
like to advice different people to consider the correct and safe using of
communication and computer network services for the individual benefits and
benefits of the nation, this because the proper use of networks can bring a
many profits to the public.

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