DEFORESTATIONIntroCause Effect Prevention(teen activists)Conclusion for every chapter INTRODUCTIONDeforestation is the action of clearing a wide area of trees. Forests cover 30 percent of Earth’s land. If deforestation continues, within 100 years there will be no rainforests. One and a half acres of forest is cut down every second. Forests are also very important because 20 percent of the worlds oxygen is produced by the Amazon Forest, but half of world’s tropical forests have already been cleared. The total world forest loss till date is 7.3 million hectares per year. Almost 70 percent of timber is being used by US, Japan, and Europe. With all this information, we can easily see that a lot of forests in the world have already been cleared. CAUSES There are many causes of deforestation, the WWF report that half of illegally removed from forests are used as fuel. Other common reasons are to make more land available for building houses and buildings, to harvest timber to create paper, furniture, homes, etc. People also cut down trees for valuable items like oil from palm trees. People use methods for clearing trees like burning trees and clear cutting. Clear cutting is when large amounts of land is cut down all at once. Burning can be done very quickly, the slash and burn technique is when you cut a large part of of a forest, burn it, and finally you grow crops on the land. The ash from the burned trees provide nourishment for the plants that are being grown on the land. After some time, the land is barely nourished, so farmers move to a new piece of land and then repeat this process. Doing this over and over again will affect the world greatly. After some time, there will be no trees, which means that there will be no air, finally, the human population would die. Deforestation is considered to be one if the contributing factors to global climate change. EFFECTS70 percent of the worlds plants are losing their habitat because of deforestation,, loss of habitat can lead to species extinction (extinction of a certain type of species). Trees are important to the water cycle, they absorb rain and produce water vapor that is released into the atmosphere. Trees lessen the pollution in water by stopping polluted runoff (water from rain “runs off’ and collects harmful liquids like pesticides, oil, and soap.) Trees hold the soil in place, without the trees, the soil would be everywhere. When it rains, it would go with the water, and where it is flowing. Deforestation drives climate change, forest soils are mostly wet, but without the sun blocking tree cover, the soil would quickly dry out. Trees play a critical role in absorbing the greenhouse gases that fuel global warming. Fewer forests would mean more greenhouse gases entering the atmosphere. The WWF states that scientists estimate that a third of the world’s arable land has been lost to deforestation since 1960. After a clear cutting, cash crops like coffee and oil from palm trees are planted. If people keep planting these type of crops, it would only cause the soil erosion to get worse because these types of crops cannot hold onto the soil. Soil erosion can lead to health problems because the silt can go with the water and finally end up in dependable water sources. This would affect local water quality and lead to illnesses and even deaths. TEEN ACTIVISTMadison Vorva (also called Madi) is a teen activist against deforestation and orangutan habitat destruction. Madison campaigned to get the Girl Scouts to stop using unsustainable palm oil in their cookies. She convinced Kellogg’s (the leading producer of cereal, cookies, cracker, etc.) to agree to a deforestation-free policy for all of its products. Madison studied land rights in Columbia, she traveled to Cambodia to make a short documentary on victims of land grabs, and observed how palm oil farming affects neighborhoods in Malaysia and Singapore.