INOVATION HEALTH AN MEDICINE
are essential to the development of our civilization.
In the last years hundreds of inventions with great significance have been made.
Many of these inventions are in the field of health and medicine. They have
helped improve and extend peoples lives. In this essay am
going to mention those inventions that I believe will make a significant
difference in the future.
To begin with, the most
important invention in my opinion is the human head transplant which will
be performed by an Italian neuroscientist Sergio Canavero. Even though
many people were excited and considered it a significant innovation in
medicine, some doctors were sceptical about this surgery. They
believed it was ahead of time and that medicine still did not have the
technology and resources needed for this type of transplant. Nevertheless, this
December Serigio left everyone speechless when he made the
first human trail on deceased human bodies and it was a complete success.
Now the next step is to perform this procedure in living human bodies. It
has been confirmed that a 30 year old paralyzed Russian man Valery
Spiridonov, who suffers from a rare motor neuron disease known as
Werdnig-Hoffmann, volunteered for this procedure. If this operation will
also be successful, it will have a enormous importance in the
future, as it may help thousands of paralized people to regain
their ability to feel and move again. In other words it may give
them the possibility to live a normal life.
Furthermore, in 2016 new diabetes drugs
was discovered that reduce cardiovascular disease and death.
Half of patients with Type 2 diabetes
have very high chances of dying from complications of cardiovascular
disease around the age of 65. In 2016, two new medications began reducing the mortality
rates of this disease considerably. They discovered that by treating the patients with two different
types of drugs combined, they achieved much better results. The first drug, called Empagliflozin is able to modify
the progression of heart disease by working with the kidney while the other
drug ,Liraglutide, has a comprehensive effect on many other organs.
Given these positive results,
experts believe that the further research in this category of drugs in the
near future can result in making diabetes a totally curable disease.
Last but not least,
a new cellular immunotherapy treatment for leukemia has proven to be very
effective. This new therapy consists in removing the patient’s immune system T-cells
and genetically reprogramming them to seek and destroy tumor cells.
Results regarding the experimentation of this procedure have been astonishing,
as several studies focused on the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have
reported a remission rate of 90 percent. This
groundbreaking treatment is expected to be presented to the FDA in the early 2018.
This treatment could be the key for a
wave of approvals for other blood cancers and lymphomas as well. What is more
interesting, is the fact that the cellular immunotherapy could one day replace
chemotherapy and its lifetime of side effects.
To conclude, as I have mentioned before, the
examples given above could be extremely helpful in the near future and
can further lead to new discoveries.This inventions that in the past were
considered impossible now are a possibility and in the future will be
just normal procedures. So, we have to think twice when we say that some
desseases are impossible to cure and that life without deseases is just science