DEPARTMENTOF ARCHITECTURE ARION CAPI INOVATION HEALTH AN MEDICINE Inventionsare essential to the development of our civilization.
In the last years hundreds of inventions with great significance have been made.Many of these inventions are in the field of health and medicine. They havehelped improve and extend peoples lives. In this essay amgoing to mention those inventions that I believe will make a significantdifference in the future. To begin with, the mostimportant invention in my opinion is the human head transplant which willbe performed by an Italian neuroscientist Sergio Canavero. Even thoughmany people were excited and considered it a significant innovation inmedicine, some doctors were sceptical about this surgery. Theybelieved it was ahead of time and that medicine still did not have thetechnology and resources needed for this type of transplant. Nevertheless, thisDecember Serigio left everyone speechless when he made thefirst human trail on deceased human bodies and it was a complete success.
Now the next step is to perform this procedure in living human bodies. Ithas been confirmed that a 30 year old paralyzed Russian man ValerySpiridonov, who suffers from a rare motor neuron disease known asWerdnig-Hoffmann, volunteered for this procedure. If this operation willalso be successful, it will have a enormous importance in thefuture, as it may help thousands of paralized people to regaintheir ability to feel and move again. In other words it may givethem the possibility to live a normal life. Furthermore, in 2016 new diabetes drugswas discovered that reduce cardiovascular disease and death.
Half of patients with Type 2 diabeteshave very high chances of dying from complications of cardiovasculardisease around the age of 65. In 2016, two new medications began reducing the mortalityrates of this disease considerably. They discovered that by treating the patients with two differenttypes of drugs combined, they achieved much better results. The first drug, called Empagliflozin is able to modifythe progression of heart disease by working with the kidney while the otherdrug ,Liraglutide, has a comprehensive effect on many other organs.
Given these positive results,experts believe that the further research in this category of drugs in thenear future can result in making diabetes a totally curable disease. Last but not least,a new cellular immunotherapy treatment for leukemia has proven to be veryeffective. This new therapy consists in removing the patient’s immune system T-cellsand genetically reprogramming them to seek and destroy tumor cells.
Results regarding the experimentation of this procedure have been astonishing,as several studies focused on the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) havereported a remission rate of 90 percent. Thisgroundbreaking treatment is expected to be presented to the FDA in the early 2018.This treatment could be the key for awave of approvals for other blood cancers and lymphomas as well.
What is moreinteresting, is the fact that the cellular immunotherapy could one day replacechemotherapy and its lifetime of side effects. To conclude, as I have mentioned before, theexamples given above could be extremely helpful in the near future andcan further lead to new discoveries.This inventions that in the past wereconsidered impossible now are a possibility and in the future will bejust normal procedures. So, we have to think twice when we say that somedesseases are impossible to cure and that life without deseases is just sciencefiction.