Development at different times. A holistic process is

Development is something that
happens to every individual during each stage of their lives. The word
development means to progress in growth. During the human life this involves the
development of physical aspects, learning different skills and experience in the
ongoing maturity of cognitive and social skills. Development is a holistic
process and it’s therefore important to remember that each child is unique and
will develop in their own way and at different times. A holistic process is a philosophical
approach in which the whole person is evaluated and treated taking the whole
development, sequence and rate into account.

Sequence of development is
the order that a child is expected to develop. For example a baby develops from
head to toe and they will be able to hold their head up straight and look
around before their eyes start to focus clearer. The next stage is that a baby
will hold up and control their head and soon after that they figure out how to
coordinate and use their arms. A baby will wave their whole arm before
developing the ability to wave just their hands or wiggle their fingers. As a
baby becomes more confident in controlling their upper body, they will start to
prop themselves up into a sitting position and once they have the strength to
hold themselves up, they figure out how to turn their bodies from side to side.
Gross motor skills have to be developed before the finer motor skills can be
learnt. A baby’s physical development could begin with rolling over then sitting
up, crawling, walking, running, yet another may sit up, walk, run, missing out the
rolling over and crawling. Even though some things are missed the development
still proceeds in an expected sequenced pattern.

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The rate of development
basically means how quick a child takes to accomplish expected milestones. The speed
can vary from child to child, for example, one child could learn to walk at 10
months whereas another may not walk until they are 14 months and so the rate of
development can differ frequently.  

So to conclude, the sequence
of development refers to what is considered the normal expected pattern in
which children learn different skills. The rate of development indicates the
speed in which the child develops and the difference between the rate of
development and the sequence of development is that the sequence stays the same;
hence the rate changes or varies. Another explanation is that some children
move from phase to phase faster than other children, and this concludes back to
the holistic approach.

When monitoring a child’s
development all areas need to be observed and taken into account. These are
physical, intellectual, social, language/communication and emotional. The
sequence of development and the rate of development is important because, it
helps to identify where the child may need help or may be at risk of having
special education need. In addition identifying the problem will help the
school work with other professional to help the child learn the skills they are
struggling with. It will also help the school plan and implement ways to ensure
that the child has enough support they require. In most cases the child is
referred to an appropriate professional to make sure their needs are met
effectively.

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