Dr. Madhu BalaEmotionalintelligence as a set of abilities for perceiving, understanding, and managingemotions, has been associated with a better adjustment to society. This studyinvestigated the effect of aggression on emotional intelligence amongexecutives. In order to pursue the above objective aggression scale andemotional intelligence scale was used to collect the data.
The sample consistedof 100 subjects selected by stratified randomization from various cities. Selectedsubjects were divided into equal sub groups according to aggression level.There were to 50 high aggressive and low aggressive executives. Data wereanalyzed by using ANOVA (Analysis of Variance).Findings of the study revealedthat aggression affect significantly emotional intelligence.
Low aggressiveexecutives are higher on emotional intelligence as compared to high aggressiveexecutives.Key words:- Aggression and Emotionalintelligence.Emotional intelligence is acombination of competencies. Expect the ability of people to receive externalstimuli through the senses, human bodies respond internally by receiving andunderstanding information through affective states like emotions and feelings.The concept of emotional intelligence proposes that intelligence may understandemotion, and that emotion may facilitate intelligence (Mayer & Ciarrochi,2006).
These skills contributes to person’s ability to manage and monitor his orher own emotions, to correctly gauge the emotional stage of others and toinfluence opinions (Caurdon, 1999., Goleman, 1998a) . People who have a high degree of emotionalintelligence know themselves very well and are also able to sense the emotionsof others.
They are limber,amiable, and sanguine . On the contrary, aggressioncan be damaging at personal and social level because aggressive individualsexperience difficulty interpreting situations as a result of that they becomeviolent or isolated . Aggression is a disorganizing emotional response. Asufficiently good number of Psychologists, Bandura and Walters , Dollard et al.
haveworked on different aspects of aggression.Yate (1977) found that different jobsrequire different levels of emotional intelligence .It is now recognized thatemotional intelligence plays an important role in many areas of life, includingwork. Rohini, Einstein (2002), Agut, Grau (2003), investigatedexecutive, managers and teachers and found that each job required a differentlevel of competency in dealing with others. Anderson and Anderson (2006) foundthat anger management increases the level of emotional intelligence .In hisstudies he found that a client used the assertive communication, rather thanpassive-aggressive or aggressive communication and was able to see constructivechange in his relationship with others.
As well some changes were also noticedin self esteem. Method Purpose:-To study the effect of aggressionon emotional intelligence. 1. Therewill be no significant effect of aggression on emotional intelligence.Sample:-Initially aggression scale wasadministered on 200 subjects. Out of which 100 subjects were selected for thisstudy. The selected subjects were divided into two equal sub groups accordingto aggression level .In each group there were 50 high aggressive and 50 lowaggressive subjects.
Tools:-The following tests were used inthis study. 1. Aggressionscale constructed by Prof. S.N.Rai(2006).2.
EmotionalIntelligence scale constructed by Anukool Hyde, Sanjyot Pathe and Upinder Dhar(2001). Above two measures are reliable and validmeasures. Scoring procedure and norms are given in the manual of the tests. Statistical Analysis:-The obtained score data were analyzedby using Mean, SD and one way ANOVA . RESULT The obtained data after tabulation werestatistically analyzed with the help of Mean, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA).
The obtaineddata result are interpreted and shown in the following tables. ANOVA is shownin table -1; Mean scores are shown intable -2. Table-1: SummaryTable of ANOVA for Emotional Intelligence scores Source of variance Ss df MS F Between Treatment 5416.
96 1 5416.96 39.03** Within treatment error 13599.28 98 138.77 Total 19016.24 99 **Denotes significant at 0.01level of confidence Table-2: Meanscores of Emotional Intelligence Variables Levels of Variables Mean Scores Aggression High Aggression 135.4 Low Aggression 150.
12 Discussion: – The purpose of the presentresearch was to study the effect of aggression on emotional intelligence. Theobtained results have shown very interesting pattern of the effect of aggression on emotional intelligence. In this studyindependent variable was aggression has two levels high aggression and low aggression.
A closelook of table of ANOVA (Table-1) clearly reveals that F value of is 39.03 that exceedthe critical value at 0.01 levels. Thissignificant F ratio indicates that aggression significantly affects the degreeof emotional intelligence.
The mean value of emotional intelligence score of highaggressive executives is135.4 and low aggressive executives are 150.12. Whichreveal the fact that low aggressive executives have better emotionalintelligence as compared to high aggressive executives .The person who havehigh aggression, is often labeled as impulsive ,short tempered, take momentary decisions,bullying behavior and so forth.
At the workplace, anger has an adverse impacton performance .It makes you ‘reactoholic’, that is, reacting to other people’s’push buttons’; it makes one a powerful reactor rather than a powerful actor;like you being a television, you hand over its remote control in others hand.So it may be concluded that low aggressive executives are higher on emotionalintelligence as compared to high aggressive executives. In the light of the findings it is concludedthat Emotional intelligence in low aggressive executives is greater than thatin high aggressive executives.
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