Educationis and will always be essential in building a strong foundation in one’s life(McKay, 2015). The educational reality today is nothing like centuries ago. Oneof the most significant current discussions in every society is education beinga dynamic instrument which is used in the contemporary world to succeed. Undeniably,the knowledge that is attained through education helps open doors to a lotof opportunities for better prospects in career growth. It is an evident factthat today’s youth will be competing tomorrow with students all over the world however,rapid changes are having effect on the vital importance of early childhoodeducation, and the kinds of training preferred (Gundala, 2016).The researchto date has tended to focus on school as an institution complementing family basededucation (Roeder, 2015). The past decade has seen the rapid development in educationalcontext, accustomed to the circumstances and needs of each era. Indeed, 21st-centurylearning has gone global emphasizing on the 2 importance of education inour youth today.
It is gradually difficult to ignore that teachers arechallenged to discover which approaches help the learners most effectively. Aspointed by Gundala (2016), research findings on the education systems aroundthe world forces teachers to think about how they impart education to theirstudents given the setting that children have an innate sense of curiosity thatshould be nurtured because what schools producetoday will affect the country’s economy tomorrow. Over thepast century there has been few countries that dominate conversations of goodeducation systems. In the United States, American school have tended to reflectthe educational values and financial capabilities of communities in which theyare located. In South Korea, teaching is one of the coveted career choices intheir country. Culturally, they have a high emphasis placed on education withprimary education as their main focus. Involvement of parents are highlyobservable and highly qualified teachers have good salaries (Samuelsson et al.,2008).
The Ministry of Educationin Singapore (2012) also manifested that they are guided with the context ofnurturing children as life-long learners that needed to be built with self–confidence, encouraged to explore the world, and taught to 3 regulate behavior and emotions, to be able to express themselvesand get along with others. Their recent policyto ‘Teach less, learn more’ has catapulted its education system onto the toprungs in the world. Also, Japanand Hongkong are known to have a technology-based education structure. Similarto South Korea their main focus is on primary education. They have an exemplaryapproach and work in the primary, secondary and higher education levelsfocusing on student retention as a common practice. Their education system hasmoved instruction further away from the routine memorization and repetitivetasks on which it had originally focused to deeper conceptual understanding andproblem-based learning. One ofthe most important event in 1971 in the Philippines was when the Department ofEducation issued a policy document encouraging public schools to establishpreschool classes whenever possible (DECS Order No.
107, S. 1989). Recently,programs implemented in the educational system of the Philippines have led to arenewed interest in studying areas of educational administration andsupervision. The changes experienced by educational system over the past yearsremain 4 unprecedented. This isevident in the DepED Order No. 10, s. 2004 where an Enhanced 8 Week EarlyChildhood Experience (ECE) was executed to improve quality of education. It wasgiven consideration that most of the Grade 1 entrants have not gone through pre-schoolexperiences (DepED, 2004).
In Cordillerathe implementation of the Republic Act 10410 otherwise known as the Early YearsAct of 2013, strengthening the early childhood care and development system ishighly advocated. Early Childhood Care and Development Council is the nationalagency responsible for care and development of children 0-4 years old while theresponsibility to help develop children in their formative years between ages5-8 years are with the Department of Education (Velasco, 2016).Earlychildhood education often emphases on learning through play, based on theresearch and philosophy of Jean Piaget, which posits that play meets thephysical, intellectual, language, emotional and social needs of children.Consequently, children learn more capably and gain more familiarity throughactivities such as dramatic play, art, and social games. As Tomlin (2008)acknowledged that use of play during all stages of childhood developsmaturation and socialization. Early education also 5 develop children in allaspects; physical, social, emotional, and cognitive, so that they will bebetter prepared to adjust and cope with life situations and the demands offormal schooling; and to maximize the children’s’ potential through a varietyof carefully selected and meaningful experiences considering their interestsand capabilities (Samuelsson, 2008). The developments and modernizationcontinuously engage education into braving the challenges of transition turmoilregardless of the different issues being faced by parents, teachers, learners, schoolheads, educators and policy makers concerning policies and implementation ofEarly Childhood Education.
Theresearcher is motivated to focus on a selected focus group; to explore theirperceptions; those parents of learners enrolled at Philex Mines ElementarySchool. Primarily this study conducted targets to gain deep and thoroughunderstanding of the experiences of selected group of parents on earlychildhood education. It focuses on the subjective existential meaning of thephenomenon that occurs with their experiences. This willbenefit teachers and parents in collaboratively finding out different ways andhelpful techniques to help the learners under their care in providing qualitylearning to meet 6 learners’ dynamic demandsin order to obtain a sustainable learning strategy for the learners. SchoolHeads, administrators and educators may find different ways and helpfulstrategies to guide teachers under their care through the findings of thisstudy.
Social capacity develops as children interact with supportive,stimulating, safe people and places.