Edward his seventh novel, “Arctic Summer”.Through his writing,

Edward
Morgan Forster was an English novelist, essayist,short story writer,and critic.He
is a difficult writer to classify, as an Edwardian modernist he criticized
Victorian middle class mores in formally traditional novels.Forster published
five novels in his lifetime, all of them except The Longest
Journey, have been adapted into films.The
novel “Maurice” although written nearly sixty
years earlier, it was published a year after his death, in 1971.He never got to
finish his seventh novel, “Arctic Summer”.Through his writing, he tried to show
his personal views stressing that he was opposed to his country’s crippling
oppression of non-Europeans.

The
beginning of Forster’s early novels are all intertwined.The first novel that
was published in 1905 was actually Forster’s third attempt at a novel.He had
written fragmentary drafts of the English and Italian halves of his The
Lucy Novels which
eventually became A Room with a View in 1908.Forster’s first novel “Where
Angels Fear to Tread” was published in 1905, a story dealing with Lilia, a young English
widow who is amazed by Italy and Italians and tries to escape her controlling
and unbearable in-laws in England.The title of this novel originates from a
line in Alexander Pope’s An Essay on Criticism: “For fools rush in where angels
fear to tread”.The second novel of Forster’s six published novels, “The
Longest Journey” is a bildungsroman published in 1907.Despite having a reputation for
being the least known of his novels, Forest described it as the book that he’s
most glad to have written and he did consider it an autobiographical work.                                                                                         
                         

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“In it
I have managed to get nearer than elsewhere towards what was in my mind – or
rather towards that junction of mind with heart where the creative impulse
sparks.” (“Aspects of a Novel”, 1228)

In
1908, he published “A Room with a View”, being his lightest and most
optimistic work.He started this novel early as 1901, before any of his other
novels, its earliest versions are entitled “Lucy”, the story is both a romance
and a critique of English society at the beginning of the 20th
century.The book was adapted as a film of the same name in 1985.The fourth
novel of Forster, “Howards End” (1910), considered as the second
most ambitious novel (A passage to India is viewed as his most ambitious
novel), brought Forster his first major success.It deals with relationships in
turn-of-the-century England, he attempts to take on the question of the British
Empire and its position in the world.”Howards End” was adapted as a film in
1991 by the Merchant-Ivory team.

 

 

“Maurice” written in 1913-1914, but published posthumously,
it is a homosexual love story, considered controversial, given that Forster’s
homosexuality had not been widely acknowledged.Critics continue to discuss over
the extent to which Forster’s sexuality and his personal activites influenced
his writing, especially in this book.                                                      

“A passage to India” (1924), his last and most controversial novel, brought the greatest
success to his life.It is the last completed novel that he published during his
lifetime.Acclaimed as his masterpiece, the novel is subtle and rich in symbolism,
and works on several levels.It talks about India (a colonial possession of Britain
at that time) and about the relations between Indian and British people in this
country.A passage to India reveals Forster’s interest in politics and religion aswell.It
was written in 1913 and not published until 1924.It is inspired mainly from E.M
Forster’s own experience as a temporary resident in India and his contacts with
the Indian people and with the British servants, called Anglo-Indians.                                                                                                      In addition to other essays,
novels, and short stories, Forster wrote a biography of his great-aunt, Marianne
Thornton, published in 1956; Alexandria: A history and a Guide (1922); a documentary
account of his Indian experiences, “The Hill of Devi (1953).Forster did not publish
another novel, spending his last forty-six years of his life writing non-fiction
and short stories

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