English teaching should have some appropriate tools and as you know
these instruments are very different and are used by different peoples. Using target
language and mother tongue varies all the time and every teacher use them
differently, as a matter of fact teacher’s personal belief and their social
rank determines that how they use the language.
Some believe that mother tongue can help learners to understand and
comprehend foreign language.it has essential role in understanding the second
language. according to research teachers who live in urbon areas use more L2
than the L1.also their students are more powerful in L2, and children in rural
areas have limited resources of English so they face with some problems .their
teacher should do something in this condition so he use more L1 in order to
students learn better.
Teachers use simple explanations and teach English in basic level,
so students can understand better. after being familiar with easy steps teacher
goes through difficult materials.
Although for teaching speaking ability in Taiwan , teachers use
simple conversations and basic expressions ,students of this level face with
some problems, such as:1.they are good in classroom interaction situation but
they have problem in communicating outside the classroom; 2. Having anxiety
about speaking foreign language in front of people but feel relaxt to speak it
to the teacher in the class.in order to solve this problem teacher try to
create more comfortable situation for the learner, in fact they try make the
situation like the real environment and make a good atmosphere for the
learner.in this condition the mood of the class and outside the class is the
same for the learner. for solving this problem TBL method can be helpful. and
by adopting this method in the class students don’t find real difference
between the mood of the class and the mood of the environment ,for example in
interactions in social environment. here we have some explanation about this helpful
method can guide learners and can help them to solve their problem.
One of the TBL activities was undertaken when the topic is about drinks and food. The whole
class in the 4th grade was divided into 6 groups of either 4 or 5. Each group
received a small whiteboard and markers and every student in each group needed
to say out loud the name of food or drinks in turn and the next student wrote
it down on the whiteboard. They were asked to produce as many words as they can
within 5 minutes and if someone got stuck, the others could help certainly.
When time was up, the leader and a assistant from each group came to the front
to show what they have had on the whiteboard. The rest of the class checked all
the vocabulary together and note down the ones they have not learned before. In
the end of each group’s show time, any of the students can say sentences by
using the mentioned words. Once a student makes a correct sentence, he/ she
earns one point for the team. This was then followed by serious of relevant
speaking presentations and exercises.
During the task, students used target language naturally either in
spoken or written form. The topic related to their daily life and, therefore,
they became more interested and motivated. Students as the center of learning
apparently considered the task to be rather meaningful than merely repeated
drill practices. Moreover, working in groups encouraged the spirit of
Developing speaking skill need to have a good description of
vocabulary and grammar and do some activities in this area . unfortunately our English
teachers devote the most time of class to non-communicative activities and of
course ignore speaking skill. The language learners themselves also show few
interests in communicating. These are some problems that our instructors face
when they are teaching speaking skill in their large classes. and students are
de-motivated in the classroom. These common problems are not new and we should
offer modern solutions. this paper tend to suggest some solution in order to
teachers have motivated and energetic classes. in order to help students to
have a good speaking ability, teachers produce
some activities that integrate language input with communicative output.