In Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Raskolnikov (Rodya) murders two women in a delirious rage. Rodya, motivated by greed and hunger, commits the heinous act in broad daylight. Though for the vast majority of the novel Rodya is free from accusation of the crime, it is his own paranoia and guilt the lead to his confession and demise. In the epilogue, Dostoyevsky exemplifies Rodyas punishment by including details about his imprisonment, illness, and his mother’s death. The literary device catalog is used to fast forward the lives of the characters and furthermore express Rodyas guilt and redemption.
During the epilogue, Rodya had been confined in Jail for nine months. In his trial his confession was concise and detailed as he reveals explicit details about the murder. From the weapons he used to where he hid the evidence. His sentence was lessened due to his honesty and open proclamation of guilt and remorse. Once in prison, Rodya was able to free himself of his guilt of the murders because he was able to put it out in the open he no longer had to hide what he did. It was easy to perceive that Rodya had begun to feel better and his burden was lifted off of his shoulders.
Rodya speaks positively of is circumstance saying, “But now in prison, in freedom… ” While unprosecuted for his crime, his guilt was unbearable. Ironically, while imprisoned Rodya is finally at ease. Before he confessed he sought out ways to deal with his guilt. In trying to cope with his guilt, Rodya began isolating himself. According to Fyodor Dostoevsky, man can be redeemed by the punishment of one’s sins through extreme suffering. His restoration is reliant on his distress. In the case of Raskolnikov, he begins to experience his suffering instantly after murdering the pawnbroker and her step-sister.
He stays ocked in his room for days at a time because he is ill and down for the count, which is a part of his suffering. This is reasonable for Rodya because he considers the fact that the extraordinary man suffers after he commits a crime. Yet, his suffering does not come to him as expected as for the extraordinary man mainly because he has an understanding that he is not an extraordinary man. With that his suffering leads him to confessing and lessens his sentence. At the beginning of his trial Rodyas mother fell gravely ill. Her “illness was a strange nervous one and was accompanied by a partial derangement of her intellect.
One can in fact say she was very traumatized by the entire ordeal. Not knowing or hearing from her son, she did not know if he was alive or dead, put her under great distress and took a toll on her body mentally and physically. Dounia often commented on her mother’s situation saying she had multiple personalities and was not stable. In the beginning Rodya only wanted to keep his mother out of poverty and keep his sister from making a sacrifice of herself in order to keep them in wealth. Rodya contributed significantly to the declination of his mother’s health. His mother was the reason he made it for so long.
His mother was his backbone. She would send him money, she would borrow money on a pension, and knit until her eyes hurt all for the well being of Rodya and so that she could be able to send him money. His own sister had begun to think about marrying a man for his money to take care of family, specifically Rodya. She did not mind taking the sacrifice and was more than willing to do it even though she did not love him. The proud. However it angers Rodya or one could it makes him bitter to know that this man Luzhin, would try to trap his sister by asking her hand in marriage because he nows she needs the money.
If she did marry him Rodya would have a guaranteed job with Luzhin but, Rodya was not too excited to hear that. He wanted nothing to do with this man and felt like he did not need Luzhin to help him survive or in his case, find him a Job. He found that very unfair for his sister to have to do that Just for him and felt that would be selfish of him. After Rodya committed the murders, Dounia still had not lost all faith in him and knew he would be great and heard of again. His mother is becoming more obsessed with his situation because she still has not heard from him.
She fgured he was being a typical male and overly busy with his new Job and would do is work all night and day. Her illness took a turn for the worst because she was still worrying about his current state. Rodya, having not heard from his mother asked Sonia about her whereabouts. She was reluctant in responding. Rodya guessed correctly that his mother had passed on. Rodya did not show any signs of grief during his trial. However, it can be inferred (referring to the extreme guilt Rodya felt after having murdered two women), that his heart was heavy knowing that he contributed to another person’s death.
While imprisoned Rodya also was taken so ill that he was moved to the convict ward of the hospital. Before his transfer it was apparent that something was not right with him. He had become very pale and stopped conversing with his fellow prison mates. However it was not the harsh conditions of prison life that caused his health to decline, “it was wounded pride that made him ill. ” Rodya is again damaging to himself. Even in prison he has not escaped his guilt. Rodya’s illness seems to be more mentally destructive than physically, based off his response to committing the murders.
During this time he is still quite mbarrassed from being humiliated. Rodya being ill is the result of not only his “wounded pride,” but also his loss of self-respect. After actually committing the crime, he still doesn’t quite believe he actually did anything. He realizes the mistake he has made and admits to them. The hardest part for him is that he gave up. Which some argue that is the only reason why he is sorry. Rodya knows that he can only blame himself for what he did and cannot point the finger at anyone else. The worst part is that he feels like he has no reason to live anymore.
He knows that if he would have otten away with the crime, it would have been living proof that he was an extraordinary man, but instead he failed himself. Rodyas guilt presented many issues and challenges in his life firstly, him going to prison, secondly, it contributed to his declination of illness and lastly, the death of his mother. These things all came from his very own greediness simply because he did not want to see his mother and sister struggling to make it. It was all for a good cause but, it was not a good action. He tried to take the easy way out when apparently all that did for him was cause a lot of misery and pain.