In George Orwell’s novella, Animal Farm, he explains the diversity of the social classes.
The novella accentuates the importance of leadership being involved with social class. He uses the pigs of the story to allow the reader to see that even though the farm wants freedom, social classes are evolved through the use of leadership. The pigs are taking control over the lands by making rules, taking over certain areas, and wanting more than anyone else. Snowball tried to be the leader of the farm amongst the assortment of pigs, but he never knew how he was treating the others in reality.Napoleon usurped and began to send the farm into more dictatorship and tribulation. Social classes were brought out in this novella because of the presence of leadership, and wherever leadership is, there will be diversity amongst the society. The first evidence that Orwell provides to the reader that leadership involves social class is when Napoleon takes Jessie’s puppies to raise them to be guards.
The social class of the farm is divided into the Upper, which are the pigs, the Middle, which are the guardian puppies, and the Lower, which are the other animals like Boxer.In this following quote it allows the reader to see how conniving Napoleon really is in trying to usurp the farm: “He would make himself responsible for their education…the farm soon forgot their existence” (41). In this quote it is evident that Napoleon is making up excuses to form his own army, like take care of their education.
This is where social class comes into affect. Napoleon wanted to rule and take over and make the puppies be his guardians so no one could harm him. The K1 Internet Publishing discusses the issues that Orwell brought out in Animal Farm about Napoleon being a ruler.This is evident in their following quote: “The use of the dogs begins the evil use of force which helps Napoleon maintain power” (Kollar 5-6). Napoleon is using the dogs as a way to make himself more powerful. Presidents today have control over their country, and they also have a secret service. Napoleon wanted to be the president, while he turned the puppies into his secret service.
The second evidence that leadership can affect others by creating a social class on its own, even if it’s not knowledgeable, is when the pigs are trying to help the farm. Instead of helping the farm with equality, they become the highest rank of respect.In this quote it will allow the reader to visualize how the pigs were working together for themselves on the farm. This is shown in the following quote: “The milk and the windfall apples should be reserved for the pigs alone” (43). In this, it is evident that from the start the pigs were selfish of themselves. Even though Napoleon later became the main Upper class ruler, the pigs were a part of the Upper class because they believed they were better than everyone else.
The fact that the pigs wanted food for themselves showed they believed they were in higher authority and were better over everyone on the farm.The pigs wanted to believe that they were the royalty of the farm. In B. T. Oxley’s analysis of George Orwell, he describes how the pigs are the next in line. This is shown in the following statement: “The pigs are the ones who must govern if Jones is not to return” (Oxley 77).
This proves that the pigs were destined to take over the farm in order to control it and make it their own. When the pigs wanted control and to be over it all, it made them the Upper class, while those animals who worked everyday to help support them became the Lower class.This made social class evolve very fast because of the diversity of the animals themselves.
The third evidence that leadership is behind social class is when the animals begin to think some animals are more equal than others. Social class is mainly focused on the fact that there is a split level between each class. The Upper is the leader, while the Lower is the worker. In this novella, most animals were to be workers on the farm and look to the leader as if he is higher than them. This becomes evident in the following quote: “All animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others” (123).In this quote, the reader is shown that the rules have changed to where there are animals on the farm that believe they are better than others.
In Paul Eissen’s George Orwell and the Politics of Animal Farm, he allows he read to see that the leadership foreshadows the poor equality of the farm. This is proven in this quote “With their superior knowledge it was natural that they should assume the leadership…the pigs’ managerial role foreshadows the perversion of the Seventh Commandment. (Eissen 2) This proves that George Orwell wanted the pigs to take over the farm as a way to show the farm would never be equal controlled by a human or an animal.
When they first decided to take over the farm, the main goal was to have equality. Near the end of the novella they have exactly what they had to start with, which is a ruler telling them what to do and making them work harder every day. In this novella, you can now see it is clearly evident that leadership is what causes social class to come into affect.The animals wanted the best for their farm but ended up creating a worse environment for them to live in. The true meaning behind the farm was to have a place to be equal where they could all be together in happiness, but because of the pigs wanting to lead the farm to do better, they put pressure on themselves and created social classes which became worse throughout their life at Animal Farm. The social classes became so rough that the Upper class believed they could destroy the Lower, but without the Lower class the Upper would not be what it was at the end of the novella.Works Cited Eissen, Paul. “George Orwell and the Politics of Animal Farm.
” Mission-Critical Reliability Personal Support. 19 December 1997. Paul Eissen, Web. . Kollar, Maros. “Summaries & Interpretations : Animal Farm. ” George Orwell 1903-1950.
2004. K1 Internet Publishing, Web. < http://www.
k-1. com/Orwell/index. cgi/work/summaries/animf. html#top> Orwell, George. Animal Farm. New York, NY: Penguin Books USA Inc. , 1946.
Oxley, B. T. George Orwell. New York, NY: Arco Publishing Company, Inc. , 1969.