Introduction Throughout the course of the semester I was trying to figure out the best possible topic for my future profession in the educational field. I finally decided to pick an increasingly talked about subject “bullying. ” My main interest in this topic is how much bullying really can psychologically affect a student’s emotional developmental stage as well as affect students academically in school.
While reading and annotating these articles I am hoping to discover some great statistics of research that other people had done about the affects of bullying in school. I also am really hoping to see some articles that talk about stories and different types of bullying. I have found many articles ranging even between different countries; maybe just the United States has bullying problems?The most important goal of my research throughout these articles will be to see the relationship between bullying and school violence, is bullying the number one reason for school violence? When learning which I hope all of these topics discussed, I hope just to mainly have a better understanding of what bullying is, what are possible solutions to stop bullying so when I become a teacher I can detect and defuse bullying throughout my classroom and hallway. With recent technological advances bullying has escalated to a whole other level.Cyber bullying meaning the idea of bullying someone with text data bases examples facebook, myspace, etc… These new outbreaks of bullying have become quite a scare for many, now bullying Is not only a problem at schools, but when students go home many bullying tactics can still occur. With all the possible problems with bullying people as well as I have realized that this is a problem that cannot be pushed to the side.
Article One “Two Studies Highlight Links between Violence Bullying by Students”The main idea of this article is talking about two very large studies that have proven school bullying and violence will lead to incidences of violence later on. During the first survey researchers came up with a way to find out if bullying is affecting children’s overall social and emotional development while the second survey was aimed at little children to find out what sparks bullying; is it the first signs of behaving aggressively or is it possibly the idea of small children being rejected by other peers. Nan D. Stein oncludes that although the state legislature has passed new laws in order to prevent bullying, she feels they offer to weak of protection for the victims and few liability concerns for school administrators. I believe the article was a great combination of two great surveys which seem to be quite useful when trying to put together a proper writing assignment. With the information presented by the author I can now see actual research done for small children as well as high school adolescence.
After reading this you begin to feel the amount of caution that the author is writing with.You want to help, because you had no idea how big of a problem bullying really is. The author also presents a great article because of the sources she uses, Mr. Dodge, a public-policy professor at Duke University as well as Nan D.
Stein, a research scientist at Wellesley College. This article will be very useful to me throughout my final paper, reason being that this article shows a great amount of statistics as well a few great sources who explains how bullying is a major problem throughout the public schooling system.In this article there is a chart which shows percentages of students who admit to carrying weapons to school because of bullying. Surprisingly the statistics are quite shocking and almost numbing. Research found that students who have been involved with bullying whether the victim or the tormentor were 1. 5 times more likely to carry a weapon and 1.
6 times more likely to carry it to school with them. Article Two “The Emotional Reactions of School Bullies and their Victims” With all the research that shows the problem with bullying in schools, this article written by Mark G.Borg presents the idea of how bullies and victims feel after the bullying incident has occurred. In 1992 Borg created a survey carried out for kidscape, reports that 8% of children explained that bullying has affected their lives so much that they had tried to commit suicide, run away, refuse to go to school, or had become chronically ill. After Borg explains a simple introduction, he then explains the definition of bullying following with a great amount of detail about his survey. After bout the 3rd page or so you figure out the rest of his article is him talking about his results with charts and other graphs. The greatest part of this article is I love how the author presents this problem even for the dumbest of ears.
He explains in such detail the reason why it is a problem and how his research proves the affects after bullying incidents are very dramatic and damaging to the brain. The author does not use any sources other than himself and his fantastic charts he has formed. One thing you tend to realize that both genders seem to be pretty close to victims and bullies.I would have originally thought that male gender students would have been the most prone for bullying, but women are bullied nearly as much.
I could use this article for many reasons, with all of the amazing charts and statistics that Mark Borg has formed it can be created as a solid backbone to my paper. He presents a great amount of historical material as well; talking about the Scandinavian’s researchers who discovered the problem way back in 1982. Article Three “Bullying and Legal Liability” In the article written by Michael S. Carroll and Daniel P.Connaughton is about a lawsuit brought up by the parents of student who was harassed and bullied for several years. The parents were to take the school district and superintendent to court for the lack of action taken to prevent this harassment from continuing. When the parents would call the schools in hoping they would take care of the problem the superintendent simply replied “kids will be kids, its middle school.
” Other instances of kids urinating on the victims clothes during gym class as well as sexual harassment of baseball players in the school took place.The coach simply told the athletes not to joke around with those who can’t take “man jokes. ” After the lawsuit was finished the school was fined $800,000 dollars and earned a great deal of negative publicity for the district, because of this lawsuit a list of guidelines was to be placed into all public school systems in Texas called The Risk-Management Tips.
These tips were demands of zero tolerance against bullying. This article was written phenomenally by the two authors. It was simply a step by step outline of the court procedures and the events that had happened to lead up to this case.
This article doesn’t really have much to respond too there wasn’t much effort needed to write this kind of article, it was simply facts of the case. This article will be really helpful for me to use in my paper to come. I could use it for some examples and I can present The Risk Management Tips as one of the examples of a possible solution.
Another way I can use this article is to explain how enraged and concern some parents do become when their own child is victimized from bullying and harassment. Article Four “School-Wide Intervention in the Childhood Bullying Triangle” This article is simply the perfect article about bullying.In the beginning of the article the authors give a prime example of a horrible bullying case about an 8 year old child and the constant torment he received from a bully for a whole school year. In the middle the article explains the true definitions of bullying from an actual Webster’s definition to the authors own personal example of a true bully definition. The authors then begin to describe how bullying is a triangle scheme and that the bully itself is also a victim in he/she’s own way, whether through a rough at home living situation to insecurities that the bully has.The victim is a threat to the bully seems to be one of the most common ways why a bully does what they do.
The end of the article is the best however, the authors explain many different kinds of solutions that have been used in the past that just don’t seem to work which is then followed up by their own solution. The authors use every possible sense of strategies to produce a picture perfect article. They use stats from different academic sources as well as present personal feeling in the beginning of the article with the story of the little boy.What the authors do in this article is a perfect guideline of what should do in my own paper. An excellent part that the authors used was the idea of cyber bullying which seems to be an escalating problem with bullying. This article will be used as my guideline for the paper I will be writing. I can use some of the solutions for my paper as examples of why they won’t work, as well as critique their own solution to see if I feel it truly is the best possible solution to prevent bullying. Another way I can use this article for my own paper is to use some of the definitions they came up with.
Article Five “Cyber Bullying, How to Make it Stop” This article is mainly aimed towards teachers in today’s new technological world. Throughout the beginning of the article the author Caralee Adams talks about some of the different ways that’s kids harass other kids, through disses on facebook to flooding texts to cell phones with mean harassing text messages. As a teacher you must be aware of all that is happening in case a student comes to you for help. The body of this article is mainly explaining how to recognize these kinds of problems and when a school should step in to help.Nearly 20% of students are experiencing cyber bullying daily.
(cyberbullying. us) Meaning that 1/5th of your students are suffering from these harassing examples daily. The end of the article is mainly about how to respond to these harassments as well as getting others involved such as parents. The author uses a great amount of personal examples to help strengthen her paper. For example she talks about how if a teacher is able to understand these harassing things that are happening that the victim may actually come to you for help.The author uses prime statistical facts about how many students are experiencing this abuse. One of the good things about her article I enjoyed was her solution of getting everyone involved in order to prevent such a big topic. This article will be good for a few key spots in my paper.
One of my hybrid points I wanted to touch on was how rapid that cyber bullying is escalating the problem of bullying itself. Other than some of the statistics that the author showed and her idea of cyber bullying, I really couldn’t use the article for much more than that.Although a good paper, in all honesty it’s a article about a slim part of the whole idea of bullying, will be good for an in depth look at cyber bullying though. Article Six “The School Bullying Problem” In this article the perspective of bullying is based on health professionals instead of the normal outlook of educators. A different look at bullying from other perspectives allows for a better understanding of the subject. Throughout the beginning of this article like most talks about the definition of bullying and who should act when bullying is happening.The difference of this article compared to most I have read so far is an explanation of how school nurses have been pretty much forced to become more involved with mental and behavioral processes of these students.
The last part of the article explains how nurses should be more appreciated with their help of this problem, instead of using old contemporary solutions that have really shown no signs of slowing down the process. The authors of this article seems to present her article as a way of telling the audience to respect school nurses more and give them more credit than what they receive.One thing I liked that the authors did was keep to their point, they did not drift away from the topic it was a rather short article, but all the information that was presented was needed nothing more as well as nothing less. A lot of enthusiasm about this article is presented while reading, you begin to understand a little bit more about all the procedures nurses do for mental and behavior problems.
I could use this article for a few spots; mainly I could talk about some of the stuff about bullying from a more medical point of view.I really believe that this will begin to truly strengthen my paper because I will have not just educational written papers, but now a few psychological and medical written papers. Article Seven “Bullying and Violence in Schools” In the seventh article I am reading I begin to notice a trend in them all, they are all mainly aiming towards teachers explaining to them what they should know and do.
In the beginning of the article the two authors explain how to properly identify bullying, how to recognize simple characteristics of bullying.This seems to be harder than it sounds, you cannot simply profile the bully as a stereotype because they can be anyone. The middle of the article talks about how to change the behavior of bullying in your classroom. The authors come up with the dumbest Ideas ever by suggesting cards and different rewards for good behavior. Although many think this would be a simple solution, humans are not like dogs. There is more to the problem than rewards and punishment.
The end of the article which if you got that far simply seems to be a small review of what you had already read.The authors in this article put together a strong intro to the article, but after that I was completely amazed of how shallow the article had become. It was of course the authors own proposal to the bullying problem but I saw no credible sources to truly back up their Idea as well as no true emotion to the article either. The paper seemed to continuously bore me as well as aggravate me at how single minded people can truly be. I really wouldn’t use this paper much at all for my final project, but If I had to use something from it I would take their proposed solution and completely tear it apart explaining why on earth it would never work.Article Eight “Evaluation of an Anti-Bullying Program: Students Reports of Knowledge and Confidence to Manage Bullying” The whole idea of this article was to present the effectiveness of anti-bullying programs around public schools in Canada. The whole goal of the initial program was to increase student awareness of what bullying is and how to prevent or be aware of situations involved in bullying.
After the introduction of this article the researchers then explain how they went about with their procedure, by implementing a program they titled P5 “an nti-bullying program that they created. ” After the program was complete the researchers then went back through again and tried to see if the children gained insight about the situation. After the conducted surveys the researchers were pleased to find out that more than half the original students were aware of the bullying and how to prevent it. This article took me the longest to read and understand, but from what I got from it I feel like the authors did an awesome job with their research. The amount of work and effort that these researchers put in is simply amazing.
I really loved the tables and graphs which helped me understand the research being done a lot more. These types of articles can be used in my paper for many different reasons, with possible solutions or maybe I will use this one as part of my own proposed solution. These graphs and tables need to be shown throughout the educational world, the outcome of these surveys really are quite astonishing. Awareness is the first key to prevent bullying around the school and community. Article Nine “Bullying as a Formative Influence” In this article the link between bullying and aggression is formed.
Written by Cedric Cullingford and Jenny Morrison, they create an article that is actually aimed towards the actual experiences of schools for children. The positive and negative things that make them bully and create bonds of groups. Aggression seems to be a very powereful theme in the discussion with young offenders. Bullying and fighting has been accepted by the children as a normal part of daily school life. Some of the children even expressed how taunting and picking on others is normal and an okay aspect of school life. This article ties together what students feel is socially acceptable.The authors use a great amount of research to conduct the strongest argument that bullying is a problem yet.
Most of the papers talk about bullying as a whole problem, but when students begin to discuss taunting, fighting, and harassment as so and so “normal” the nonbelievers probably even begin to see that this is a horrible outlook for kids. The authors layout for the article is really well presented, there is a clear outline the paper. I could of course use this article for nearly everything to strengthen my paper, I fell as if this article will really seal the deal when trying to explain why bullying is a true problem in schools.In conclusion another paper to help me prove that there is a problem, but not a good paper in order to help me solve the problem. Article Ten “Creating School Climates That Prevent School Violence” This article explains how a lot of the bullying prevention programs are also aimed towards other subject matters such as drug abuse and dropout prevention programs. This seems to be a huge problem according to Reece Peterson and Russell Skiba, reason being is that with such a major problem in public schools this topic should be respected and handled more aggressively and diligently.Throughout this article the two authors tear apart every possible solution and explain how they are unworthy and ineffective. In the middle of the paper they begin to talk about positive possible solutions that have seemed to have a positive effect on school climate.
The ending seems to come kind of quick, but they do present a final conclusion. The final conclusion seems to be like a hybrid version of all the other solutions. The authors seem to show extreme amounts of knowledge of this subject, creating a great amount of professional authority in order to talk about this subject.
Both authors also engage in a different way of presenting their article, instead of explaining how some of the solutions may have temporarily worked such as video cameras, parental involvements, small programs and groups, the two authors ripped them apart piece by piece in order to create seemingly the perfect solution. The authors eventually use all of the programs in order to create a solid solution. This paper that I have just read will work wonders into my conclusion section of the paper. I can use this article in order to reference for old solutions as well as newer ones.This article will also benefit me because I can begin to critically think about my own solution in order to see which one I think would properly suit the problem. Article Eleven “Why Kids Kill: Inside the Minds of School Shooters” In this novel written by Peter Langman, a constructed argument of why students kill at their own school is presented. Although this book is not directly related to bullying around 12 of the 20 students that the author writes about seems like it could have been prevented had school boards and higher authorities such as parents and teachers stepped in to stop the harassment and abuse the shooters were receiving.
In the beginning of his book he goes on to talk about bullying and other possible simple reasons these students could have done what they did. The second part of his book takes a much more psychological approach explaining how some of the shooters had psychopathic traits and some of the traumatic events that led up to situations such as Eric Harris, involved in the Columbine High School shooting. The end of his novel seems to be based towards school counselors, how they can change the outcome and how finding the shooters can be less obvious than predicted.This book is flat out amazing; the author really uses such a graphic amount of detail and sources that you can actually witness yourself right in front of the killings as their happening. The author also puts together a solution that even though seems broad, it definitely puts together a true construct of rules that everyone can live by. I can use this book in my article for one main reason, and that is to truly show why bullying is a horrible tragedy that seems to be a normal part of school life. In hope that I can use some of the examples to attach my readers more and begin to emotionally take my readers to a sad yet understanding thinking.
Article Twelve “Examing Variation in Attitude toward Aggressive Retaliation and Perceptions of Safety among Bullies, Victims, and Bully/Victims” In my final article written by seemingly 15 authors all of great backgrounds many Ph. D’s and Counselors is about the involvement in bullying, as a bully, victim, or bully/victim. Seemingly the largest study I have ever come across, the authors tested 16,012 Middle and High Schools to truly gather the right amount of data. One thing I appreciated about this study was that it was not based in one area but all areas of the United States, to truly gain a picture of bullying.After all the data was released the authors found out that nearly 37. 6% of students were freqeuently involved in bullying. Bully/Victims were the most likely to report unsafe feelings in their school and home environment. Bullies however were the most common to support true aggressive behavior.
The end of the article discusses implications for school counselors. The authors put together clearly the most data in the history of bullying prevention and bullying studies yet to date. With this kind of work done the statistics in this article truly can’t be ignored and pushed away.
The authors didn’t seem to put much of an emotional tie to the data, but simply presented the stats as they were which to me demonstrates true research. This article will be one of my main go to articles when in need of quick statistics and other data. Reason being is because this article has the largest amount of participants that I have seen. With these kind of statistics, I truly don’t think I can present a bad paper. Conclusion Throughout all the books and articles I looked through I had no idea that people realized how big of a problem this truly is.When first skimming through the articles I just thought these were simple statistics and simple problems that everyone saw, but I didn’t realize how much time and effort that these authors really put into, in order to truly help solve the problem.
One thing that I learned is that although all the possible data seems to have been collected, I still think every author would agree that bullying continues to be a problem, with really no set solution. Many possible solutions were presented in my readings, but I have yet to see one hat truly can stab the heart of bullying, and prevent it for good. It seems to me that the only true solution would be complete support of parents, school boards, schools, and teachers.
To me though, in all honestly this is nearly impossible to gain. I have not lost hope yet though, I do believe that there is a lot of good things being done. The subject is obviously addressed a lot more strategically and efficiently than before, it’s just sad that seemingly so many students have had to shed blood or commit such demented crimes to gain the true attention it has obviously deserved.I will continue my search to find the right answer; in mean time I will try to present the best paper possibly to slow down this problem that seems to affect the whole world. One thing that needs to be understood that the youth that is being victimized by bullies as well as bullies itself are the ones who grow up and run our world; they are the ones who never completely forget all the bullying they witnessed or were involved in.
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