Question: compare Canada’s reaction to Communism during the Cold War to China’s reaction to Western Countries during the Cold War. After WWII’s ending, there is no any big fighting in the future. But some major powers still are greedy, so that’s the Cold War (1945-1991) coming. The Soviet Union and the Western Countries began to see other as Enemies. So the world was divided into Communist and Capitalist Countries. USSR, Eastern Europe and China kept the government system as Communism, and USA, Western Countries decided to keep Capitalism.The Cold War was a conflict between these two ideas, Communism and Capitalist Democracy. Communism is an economic and social system envisioned by the nineteenth-century German scholar Karl Marx.
In theory, under communism, all means of production are owned in common, rather than individuals (Marxism and Marxism-Leninism). In practice, a single authoritarian party controls both the political and economic systems. In some easy way to say that, communism is the economic and political system where everybody works hard to do whatever they can do.After that, everybody shares the result of the work, so that everybody gets enough food, everybody was happy.
Communists believed in a strong central government that controlled business and the economy. Also the group is more important than the rights of the individual. In the twentieth century, communism was associated with the economic and political systems of China and the Soviet Union and of the satellites of the Soviet Union.
Capitalism is an economic system in which investment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations, esp. s contrasted to cooperatively or state-owned means of wealth. In capitalism’s countries, everybody tries their best to make as much money as they can, so that they can use the money that they earned to buy something they need.
Not like communism’s ides, they think they should make everything clearly between economy and business. They still believed that individual rights and freedoms were extremely important. Canada is one of the Capitalism countries. At that time, every mainly countries have the nuclear weapons which have the power can destroy the whole world, so the countries of each sides were be same afraid of each other.They just make many smaller political and military conflicts between each other, so sent spies for getting information and make protection for making sure their own safety. In 1949, NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) is made up by many Western countries for protection the countries if Soviet Union attacked them. They are US, Canada, Britain, France, Italy, Belgium, and some small European Countries. After that, Canada also took part in the Korea War for helping US.
Because of the problem between North Korea and South Korea, communism countries—-China and Soviets were fighting with capitalism countries—-UN, US and Canada.US didn’t want South Korea become as same as North, after WWII, they took the South Korea from Japan, of course they didn’t want to lose land. Then NORAD was coming. Because of ICBM, USA and China were worried about that, so they agreed to create to NORAD (North American Aerospace Defence Command) and built many DEW (Distance Early Warning) systems over the Arctic. As above said, Canada is really worked with USA, the reaction for communism is absolutely hostile. Canada makes many actions for protecting Capitalism and against communism.Similar to the reaction of Canada for communism, China was opposite to capitalism, too.
Because capitalism is so arduous to achieve China make up a new government system called Socialism which is between Capitalism and Communism, Chinese think we can reach Communism after Socialism. After PRC (the People’s Republic of China) was establish in 1949, China defeated the Kuomintang and then established diplomatic relations with Soviet, Korea and other small countries, also get the admit of many countries during the Cold War.The reason of why China decided to join in Soviet for communism is Great Harmony. That’s an ideal of perfect society, very similar to communism. Although Chinese know that way will be so hard to improve, we still decided to make a society with china’s own characteristics. Saving Korea, it is important for making the best relationship between China and Korea.
After that, China wants to improve our development around business, economy and technology.For economy, China makes the first “Five Years” (I didn’t know what is the correct word for this plan, this one was translated be myself) plan in 1953. For business, China cannot contact with western countries during Cold War, but China sent Zhou Enlai to visit India for making relation.
Also for protecting ourselves, we must produce the nuclear weapon as soon as possible. At the end, we invent the nuclear weapons and artificial satellites successful. Any improvements are also for getting the recognitions and for restrain the western counties.The reaction of Canada for communism and the reaction of china for capitalism are a little similar because they were standing at opposite sides. For their benefits, they want to destroy the opposite power but also be afraid of the power of nuclear weapons. So they use developments like business and economy to give pressures to each other.
“We don’t want to lose the land and the power, we are greedy! ” The leader of Capitalism is USA, and Canada is the partner for USA, and the leader of Communism is Soviet, China was just helping Soviet.Both of China and Canada were helping their own sides. But in different, Canada was focus on protection, it has many reactions during the Cold War.
Canada and USA always thinks the other countries will attack them. That is the problem that the capitalism, people always think the bed side. China was focus on our own developments. We must have a strong country at first so that we can have enough power, money and population to have the competition on economy, business and technology. During the Cold War, that is actually a really nervous time.The whole world was full of lies, spies, envy and defense. I know the communism is the best ideal for this world, but I think it’s impossible because we are humans.
We are so smart that would be greedy and lazy. Maybe the western people have already worked out that idea, so they know that is difficult. Although it sounds impossible, we are still trying to reach there, so the socialism will be our countries system. For today, all the mainly countries take part in the UN, every countries work together for better future.