Introduction Americans have begun to eat more fast food because the way in which it is marketed; it’s cheap, convenient, finger-food, and it tastes good. Eating is one of the pleasures of life, although it can be bad for your health when eating fast foods, which are high in saturated fats, refined sugars, calories, and sodium that lead to obesity and diabetes. What are the effects of eating fast food and the impact it has on a person’s health? The Meaning of Fast Food Fast food is the term given for too many items that can be prepared and served quickly. http://www. healthandage. org/Home/gm=20! gid2=2662). Fast food is the food that supplied quickly after ordering, and by minimal service.
However, the best way to distinguish fast food is to use formal characteristics: Time required – those who eat fast food do not want to spend a lot of time selecting and eating, and if necessary will eating or walking, on the bus, park bench, or at work. The variety of foods and beverages is usually very limited. Fast food frequently does not come with knives and forks, making it “finger food. When silverware, cups and plates are necessary, they are disposable. The modern history of fast food in America began on July 7, 1912 with the opening of a fast food restaurant called the Automat in New York. The Automat was a cafeteria with its prepared foods behind small glass windows and coin-operated slots. Joseph Horn and Frank Hardart had already opened an Automat in Philadelphia, but their “Automat” at Broadway and 13th Street, in New York City, created a sensation and numerous Automat restaurants were quickly built around the country to deal with the demand.
Automats remained extremely popular throughout the 1920’s and 1930’s. The company also popularized the notion of “take-out” food, with their slogan “Less work for Mother”. The American company White Castle is generally credited with opening the second fast-food outlet in Topeka, Kansas in 1921, and selling hamburgers for five cents apiece (http://www. tqnyc. org/NYC074355/fastfood. html). When fast food companies first open, they generally introduced one size. For example, one size French fries when McDonald’s first opened, called “fries. That size fries is now called “small. ” Medium, large, and super size. That original size is about 200 calories, but the super size is going pack in over 600 calories (Super Size Me. Morgan Spurlock.
Morgan Spurlock. Roadside Attractions, Samuel Goldwyn Films, Showtime Independent Films, 2004). Fast Food Linked To Obesity and Diabetes Every day, nearly one-third of U. S. children aged 4 to 19 eat fast food, which likely packs on about six extra pounds per child per year and increases the risk of obesity (http://www. cbsnews. om/stories/2004/01/05/health/main591325. shtml). People who eat fast food frequently are more likely to gain weight and develop insulin resistance, and such eating habits may increase the risk of obesity. For example: Individuals who ate fast food more than twice a week gained an extra 10 pounds and had a twofold greater increase in insulin resistance than people who ate less than once a week at one of these establishments (http://news. healingwell. com/index. php? p=news1&id=523168). Diabetes now is the second most major cause to death after smoking.
Usually, adults at 40 years old have diabetes because of been overweight. But now children from 10, 11, 12 years old likely to has diabetes because they eat too much fast food so diabetes’s risk increased (http://www. cbsnews. com/stories/2001/04/21/eveningnews/main287029. shtml). Today, the popular fast food is extremely high in fat. For example: A Big Mac, Super Size fries and a large Coke at McDonalds now contains 1500 calories, about 40 percent of those from fat (http://www. cbsnews. com/stories/2001/04/21/eveningnews/main287029. shtml).
According to the Fragala family, Karen Fragala, who lives in Queens, New York, is taking her daughter Gabriella, son Joey, and nephew Gary to the drive thru. On the menu today? “Chicken McNugget and a Sprite please. ” The Fragalas have been going to McDonald’s three times a week, until recently. Says Karen Fragala, “We went to the doctor in December and then went for a re-check in March and he said she gained 9 pounds. ” Six-year-old Gabrielle’s 9-pound weight gain in just 4 months convinced Karen Fragala that is was time to stop eating French fries (http://www. bsnews. com/stories /2001/04/21/eveningnews/main287029. shtml). You see that. A 6 years old girl gained 9-pound in just 4 months. Also in New York two teenage girls one is 14 years old 4’ 10’’, and weight 170 pounds, and the other 19 years old, 5’ 6’’, and weight 270 pounds. It is unbelievable, but it is reality (Super Size Me. Morgan Spurlock. Morgan Spurlock. Roadside Attractions, Samuel Goldwyn Films, Showtime Independent Films, 2004). Finally, eating a lot of fast food every day, and not get enough exercise will cause you to become obese and diabetic.
Fast Food Not Nutritious Fast food is not a healthy food because contains too many calories, sodium, too much saturated fat, and refined sugar. It does not have any vitamins or minerals. For example: A Double Whopper with Cheese (Hamburger) has 1010 calories, 67g fat, 47g Carbs, 55g protein (http://shapefit. com/burg erking. html). A Salad With Oil And Vinegar Dressing has 93 calories, 5g fat, 10g carbs, 2g protein (http://www. thedailyplate. com/ nutrition-calories/food/olive-garden/salad). Lets compare these two kinds of foods. Which one is nutritious?
Of course, the Salad With Oil And Vinegar Dressing is most nutritional food because it does not has too much calories or fat. However, all those calories you need to burn it all. Otherwise, those calories will turn into fat and stay in side your body, and soon you will become obese. While most people think that salads serving from fast food restaurants are healthy, nutritious choices, but in truth may be wrong. For example: Wendy’s Chicken BLT Salad has 680 calories, 410 calories from fat, 13g saturated fat, 125mg cholesterol, 1480mg sodium, 37g ttl. arbs, 4g fiber, and 37g protein (http://www. swedish. org/16475. cfm). This kind of salad still is not nutrition. However, there are some salad that is healthy, but fast food restaurants they always selling salad with fat- and sodium-lots of items, such as fried chicken, creamy full fat dressings, sour cream, and lots of cheese, bacon, nuts, fried croutons, and taco chips or shells. Those items are making the salad becomes unhealthy food. Fast Food Brings Lots of Illness to Our Life
Fast foods cause many illnesses to us such as: Hypertension, Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke, Gall Bladder Disease, Osteoarthritis, Sleep Apnea, Respiratory problems, Endometrial Cancer, Breast Cancer, Prostate cancer, Colon Cancer, Dyslipidemia, Steatohepatitis, Insulin Resistance, Asthma, Hyperuricemia, Reproductive Ovarian Syndrome, Impaired Fertility, and Adult onset Diabetes. For example: According to the video that called “ Super Size Me” this movie is about Morgan Spurlock who ate only fast food for 30 days straight. As the result, his body gained 24. lbs, fat liver, cholesterol 253, 7 percent more body fat, double heart disease, double heart failure, depressed and exhausted, mood swings, sex life is nonexistent. Opposing Arguments Many people eat fast food every day or at least 3 times a week because they love fast food and it tastes good. But not many people know how bad fast food is. They just keep eating fast food to fill up their stomach. Most people go out to eat fast food as a meal because they don’t have time to make a healthy meal at home or they have to take- care their kids.
It is a good idea to eat out at McDonald because it’s save time and save money, too. So, why do they have to spend a lot of time to make a good meal at home? Also, people can buy a hamburger with only one dollar that saves a lot of money. Also McDonald and Burger King give out free toys. Free Toys kids would really like it. McDonald had playground for kids, too that really great for kids to play as hard as they want. So the kids and their parent visit fast food restaurant more often. Many people eat fast food for few years before, but nothing happen to them.
So, they think that fast food is good. It is a healthy food, so they just keep eating fast food all the time. But No! This is wrong. Don’t ever think that fast food is a healthy food because fast foods have too many calories and fat that is lead to obesity. Fast foods taste good. But not only tasted good, fast food also affect badly to your health. For example: as the result show that, in the French fried from Burger King and McDonald; it contains about 100 times the maximum allowable limit of acrylamide.
The chemical compound acrylamide (acrylic amide) has the chemical formula C3H5NO. Its IUPAC name is 2-propenamide. It is a white crystalline solid that has no scent; mix in water, ethanol, ether and chlorofor. Scientists in Sweden accidentally discovered Acrylamide in foods in April 2002 when they found large amounts of the chemical in starchy foods, such as potato chips, French fries and bread that had been heated (http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Acrylami de). Another example: French fried is not the only food that contain bad, unhealthy chemical for body.
Epidemiologists found that evidence pointed to the ground beef as the problem taco ingredient. A strain of Escherichia coli (E. coli), which can cause people to suffer bloody diarrhea and renal problems, occurs in the manure of some healthy cattle. E. coli can be killed by cooking ground meat to at least 160? F (http://www. sciencedaily. c om/releases/2004/06/040615075550. htm). However, fast food is unhealthy food because it has too much fat from chess, refined sugar, and many others. So stop eating fast food to stay healthy.
Also try to keep your kids away from McDonald or other restaurants and spend some time to cook a healthy meal, and play with your kids, so they might forget about the “playground”. Therefore, your kids will be healthy. Conclusion In conclusion, the problem of obesity not only quickly spreads out the United States; it also causes people’s health to become injurious. Obesity is the second major that cause people to death, after smoking. People should focus high attention on the problem of obesity. Obesity needs to be treated as national problem, not an individual problem.
People should learn to how several nutrients work their bodies. Some prevention activities indicate that fast food is very dangerous, and it cause people at risk of death from different kinds of diseases. Some suggestion can help people to change their bad eating habits and perceive more knowledge of nutritional theory. Now is the time for people to improve their bodies better by choosing their healthy foods. The healthy foods like: limiting gravy and sauces, garden salad, honey BBQ chicken sandwich, Skinless chicken breast without breading, and many others.