Albert Einstein was a famous scientist, writer andprofessor. He was born in Ulm, Germany, on March24,1879. As a child, Einstein wasn’t like theother boys: he hated school but loved math. He wasshy, and talked very slowly. He didn’t participatein sports but instead played with mechanical toys,put together jigsaw puzzles, built towers andstudied nature. At school and home he would askmany questions and because of that everybodythought he was dumb.Once when he was sick in bed,his father Herman, bought him a compass; andAlbert asked “Why does the needle point to thenorth?” His father didn’t know the answer.
Hermanwas calm, friendly and had a black mustache.Einstein also had a brother, Jakob. Studiedelectrical machinery firm financed by the Kocks.Pauline, Einstein’s mother was a cultured womenand an excellent pianist.
Pauline encouragedEinstein to study the violin along with hisscientific ambitions. There was a strong physicalresemblance between Einstein and his youngersister Maja, and the two had a close relationshipthroughout their lives. Maja, also a pianist,married Paul Winteler Einstein childhood friend,Paul Winteler, in 1910 and later moved to theUnited States.When Einstein was older, heinvented electric eye.
He also was asked to be thepresident of Israel, but he refused. When Einsteinwas a teen-ager he was very interested in science.When he wanted to relax he would play the violinwhich he started playing at the age of six.
Thekocks, his mother’s family, and the Einstein hadlived in Southern Germany for more than a century,selling cloth, farming, and clerking in banks.During their free hours they enjoyed boating onthe Danube Both families were Jewish . In 1880,when Albert was one year old, his father’sbusiness failed and the family moved to Munich,the capital of Bavaria A heavily catholic city, itfeatured art galleries, breweries and auniversity. Einstein’s father Herman.managed anelectrical machinery firm which was financedpartly by the Kock family. Einstein’s motherPauline, was a cultured woman and excellentpianist. She was 11 years younger than herhusband.
Pauline not only motivated her son toencouraged his scientific ambitions. When Einsteinwas fifteen, his father’s business failed again,and the family relocated in Italy, Milan. Einsteinstayed behind to complete his education, but soonwas asked to live school.He eventually joined hisfamily in Italy. His parents continued to supporthis scientific interests, however enabling him tostudy at the ” Swiss Federal Polytechnic School,”or “Swiss Federal Institute of At the institute,Einstein met a petite, dark-haired Mileva Maric,who excelled in mathematics. Albert and Milevawere married on January 6, 1903.
Although thecouple had two sons, Mileva was dissatisfied withher life. She wanted either a career in herhusband’s work. After many years of disagreement,the couple divorced in 1919, and Mileva became auniversity teacher of mathematics.Einstein keptin touch with her and his sons, and in the early20s, he gave Mileva his entire forty-five thousanddollars Nobel Prize. Han’s Albert, Einsteins olderson, developed a good relationship with hisfather. He became a good engineer, and whenEinstein moved to United States in 1933, HansAlbert visited him often, ultimately setting herewith his own family. Einstein younger son Eduard,began reading Shakespeare at the age of five.
Hegot his father permission to concentrated on musicand literature but did not achieve success. Eduardlater accused his father of ruining his life anervous breakdown.Although Einstein rushed toSwitzerland when Eduard became ill, neither he northe psychiatrists were able to help. Eduard livedwith his mother until her death, when he wasplaced in a mental institution. Einstein alsoproved that matter and energy are really differentforms of the same thing, which is the SpecialTheory of Relativity. Einstein’s General Theory ofRelativity showed that gravity, too, is relative.
Gravity is the force that attracts two bodies ofmatter toward one another. This theory explainedthat a person gaining speed would feel *a forceexactly like the pull of gravity. In a spaceshipwithout windows, that person would not be able totell if the ship had started too move faster, orif it were being pulled by gravity from planet ofstar.In 1929. Einstein had doubts about whetheran atomic bomb could really be made. ON August 6,1945, the United states dropped an atomic bomb onJapan.
Since this Einstein had believed theconflict could be settled without restorting tosuch a terrible weapon. “Oh weh!” he gasped. Itwas cry of sorrow that went beyond words.
OnAugust 9, the United states drop a second bomb onJapan, ending war. A new historical atomic age,had been born, and no one knew better thanEinstein the threat it posed to human survival.For the rest of his life, he worked to make surethe bomb would never be used again.
He served incommittees to inform the public about atomicenergy and the growing danger of weaponsdevelopment. In 1905 Einstein proposed his SpecialTheory of Relativity. According to this theory,people view time and space differently, dependingon their positions relative, or in relation, toone another.
For example, To a person standing atthe exact midpoint between two lamps, those lampsmight appear to flash at the same time.But aperson passing by very quickly in a train wouldsee one lamp flash before the other. This happensbecause the light from one lamp would reach thatperson before the light from other lamp. Time,then would be different for the two people.Einstein had many opportunities to speak out aboutcauses in which he believed. One of those causeswas Zionism, the movement to create the Jewishnation of Israel.
Another was world peace. Manytimes he urged the nations of the world to get ridof their weapons.Einstein is remembered as agreat scientist who worked hard to make the worlda better place for all people. Bibliography:.