Andrew Jackson, born in 1767 was a child of poorScotch-Irish immigrants.
He ended up with enougheducation Jacksons father died before he was born.The Revolutionary War started soon after he wasborn. It was very bloody in the wild and poorcountry where they lived. Jackson at the age of13, joined a regiment.
He was captured by theBritish, was wounded and nearly killed by a swordto the face for not polishing a British officersboots. He and his brother, imprisoned together,caught smallpox.Jacksons mother got the boysreleased, but his brother died on the long triphome. His mother later went to tend woundedAmerican prisoners and was fatally stricken by Byhis 30s Jackson had been elected a member of theUnited States House of Representatives ofTennessee and was senator, but resigned after oneyear.
During The War of 1812, Jackson had somedifficulties due to some enemies he made. Inbetween overcoming various Indian tribes they wonthe war. After most of the capitol city ofWashington was burned by the British, theAmericans Jackson became a United States MajorGeneral- this was very different from a statemilitia Major General. He continued to havemilitary successes, though in his invasion ofSpanish Florida, he got the reputation of being akind of In 1821, Jackson, at the age of 54 was ina very dangerous state of health.He, like manyother southerners had defended his Honor in 2 or 3duels and 1 shoot-out. He took two bullets.
Onelodged beside his heart and the other At aboutthis time, the Hero of New Orleans was perhaps themost popular man in the country. He received aFavorite Son endorsement for the presidency fromhis state of Tennessee. Believing that Washingtonhad become a Sink or corruption, he felt called towork for the office. To gain credibility, he ranfor and won a seat in the Senate.
This time, inhis maturity, he handled the job well, making afavorable impression on the old government hands.Many of which had expected a wild man dressed inbuckskins. Jackson immediately made peace withThomas Hart Benton, who once said Jackson wouldthrash in the streets of Nashville. Thomas, withthe company of his brother, left a bullet inJacksons arm in one of his duels. They becameclose allies. Jackson was bitterly disappointed in1824 by a 4-way race in which he won a substantialplurality, but lost to John Quincy Adams in theHouse of Representatives. In 1828, Jackson won alandslide victory.
The new Democratic party, whichhe helped forge, brought a temporary end to allthe fighting and arguing of the parties inAmerican politics. This time was sometimes calledthe Era of Good Feelings On December 22, 1928, afew weeks before Jacksons inauguration, he wasthrown into a deep sadness, caused by the death ofhis wife. He believed that she had died because ofthe abusive attacks by the press of the otherside. Jackson at times would use his power andauthority as a Hot-Headed man, going intosimulated rages.
And at other times, he couldappear as the most courteous Gentleman Even thoughhis wife had just passed away, he made it to hisinauguration. The morning was bright and clear.Yet there was still snow on the ground which madeit very muddy.
As Andrew looked out of his window,he saw all of the people coming to Washington toshake his hand. Usually the inauguration was avery peaceful and quiet event. Not this time! Allof the guests were his friends. In their muddyboots, self-made coon-hats, and many otherirregular clothes, the northwestern fur traders,mountain men, hunters, and old soldiers camemarching to the White House.
They broke throughthe lines of guards and came crashing through thefront door. They ripped clothes, smashed finechina and glasses, and climbed on $150 chairsruining them.In order to get all of these vandalsout, the butlers and organizers moved all of thepunch bowls and food trays During Jacksonspresidency, he took care of many major events. Onewas his refusal to submit to South Carolina. Theysaid they would make their own country, becausethey did not want to pay the ridiculously highfederal tariffs. He rejected the principal theytried to establish that a state could decide onits own whether federal laws applied He eliminatedthe second Bank of the United States.
This was avery interesting move. On the one hand, the bankhad done much to provide a stable environment inwhich business could operate.But on the otherhand, they were a private monopoly given a hugeprivileged place in the economy, and they usedtheir influence to try to affect He carried on astrong and generally successful diplomacy, gettingamends from countries which had damaged UnitedStates shipping during The War of 1812. He didmuch to push the Indians to the west of theMississippi. This formed the Trail of Tears,called so because thousands of Indians died due todisease or His government eliminated the NationalDebt for the first time. Jackson did a great dealof belt-tightening and eliminated corrupt publicofficials. Mostly though the federal governmentbenefited by the massive migration to the west,and consequently profited from the sale of publicBecause of the strong opposition he created inCongress and elsewhere, a cohesive new party ofopposition (the In 1832, campaign for Jacksonsreelection was fought in the midst of two crises.One was triggered by Jacksons veto to renew theBanks charter.
It did not have to be renewed until1836 but was brought for renewal in 1832 out ofpolitical considerations by Jacksons opposition.The other crises was South Carolinas pendingrebellion.Jacksons Vice President was a SouthCarolinian and he resigned before his term wasover so he could assume a seat in the Senate.
Jackson again won by a landslide, with the help ofhis expert political manager, Martin Van Buren.Van Buren won the presidency in 1836, but servedonly one term. He was growing unpopular when in1837, a deposition struck. Many blamed this onJacksons slaying of On Sunday, June 8, 1845, thedoctor came to the White House to check on thevery ill Andrew Jackson. All of his servants werecrowded around the chair he was sitting in.Jackson said good bye to all of them, and kissedand blessed all of his family.
He then removed thesmall picture of his wife, Rachel, that he worearound his neck and put it on their daughterLittle Rachel. He told her to wear it at alltimes.Then as everybody wept, he told them not tocry, and promised that they would all meet eachother again in A few hours later Jacksons goodfriend, Sam Houston, rushed into the room to finda white faced dead Jackson.
He was sitting in hischair as stiff as a statue. He dropped to hisknees, and wept. When he stood up he grabbed anearby boy and told him My son, try to rememberthat you have looked upon the face of AndrewJackson. One of the greatest Two days afterJackson died friends and family buried him in thegarden right next to his wife Rachel. The That wasall it said, but it was enough.Overall, the Eraof Jackson was a big step for America. He mademany of good decisions, and some bad actions aspresident.
I would still name him one of theBibliography: 1) Coit, Margaret. Andrew Jackson .Boston: Riverside Press Cambridge, 1965. 2)Jackson, Andrew. Young Peoples Encyclopedia of theUnited States.
2nd edition. 1992-1993. 3) Jackson,Andrew. America Online.
May 7, 1999. Onlineposting: www.biography.com/cgi-bin/biomain.cgi.1995..