Example research essay topic: Atomic Bomb – 982 words

The use of the atomic bombs on Japan was necessaryfor the revenge of the Americans.

These bombs tookyears to make due to a problematic equation. Theimpact of the bombs killed hundreds of thousandsof people and the radiation is still killingpeople today. People today still wonder why thebombs were dropped. If these bombs werent droppedon the Japanese the history of the world wouldhave been changed forever. The Atomic bomb took 6years to develop (1939-1945) for scientists towork on a equation to make the U-235 into a bomb.The most complicated process in this was trying toproduce enough uranium to sustain a chainreaction.The bombs used on the cities cost about$2 billion to develop, this also making the U.S.

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wanting to use them against Japan. Hiroshima was amajor military target and we have spent 2 billiondollars on the greatest scientific gamble inhistory- and won. (3) The bomb dropped onHiroshima weighted 4.5 tons and the bomb used onNagasaki weighted 10 kilotons. On July 16, 1945,the first ever atomic bomb was tested in the JamezMountains in Northern New Mexico, code namedGadget.

The single weapon ultimately dropped onHiroshima, nicknamed Little Boy, produced theamount of approximately twenty- thousand tons ofTNT, which is roughly seven times greater than allof the bombs dropped by all the allies on all ofGermany in 1942. The first Japanese City bomb wasHiroshima on August 6, 1945.An American B-29bomber, named Enola Gay, flown by the pilot PaulW. Tibbets, dropped the Little Boy uranium atomicbomb. Three days later a second bomb named FatBoy, made of plutonium was dropped on the Japanesecity of Nagasaki. After being released, it tookapproximately one minute for Little Boy to reachthe point of explosion, which was about 2,000feet. The impact of the bombs on the cities andpeople was massive. Black rain containing largeamounts of nuclear fallout fell as much as 30kmfrom the original blast site.

A mushroom cloudrose to twenty thousand feet in the air, and sixtypercent of the city was destroyed. The shock waveand its reverse effect reached speeds close tothose of the speed of sound. The wind generated bythe bombs destroyed most of the houses andbuildings within a 1.5 mile radius.

Within thefour square miles destroyed by the bomb inHiroshima, 48,000 buildings out of a total of76,000 were completely demolished. The ragingfires, lasting several days after the bombingdestroyed much more. A mile from the explosioncenter, where the wind velocity was 190 miles perhour and the pressure was 1,180 pounds per squarefeet, all brick buildings were completelydestroyed.The people who entered the area withina half-mile radius from explosion center in thefirst 100 hours after the explosion were alsoaffected by the remaining radiation on the ground.

It was a kind of hell on earth, and those who diedinstantly were among the more fortunate. Thousandsdied- vaporized, crushed or burned. But there weretens of thousands more who were still alive andthose who could move began to mill around thecity, seeking relief from shock, fire, and pain.Thousands threw themselves into the Ota River,which would be awash with corpses by the end ofthe day. (32) By 1946 the 2 bombs caused deaths ofas many as 240,000 people and the death tolls for1950 were at 340,000 in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Ifthe U.S. had chosen not to use the atomic bomb onJapan there death rate would have been lower, butthe U.

S.s death rate would be close to themillions.This making the use of the atomic bombsa good idea in our sense.

The droppings of thebombs dont have an exact reasoning. On August6,1945 atomic bombs were dropped on the Japanesecities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. These two bombsquickly made the Japanese surrender and ended theinvolvement of Americans in World War II. The U.S.

wanted to demonstrate to the Soviets the awesomepower that they would be dealing with once the warwas over. Nagasaki, a ship building city was of nomilitary significance, and mainly consisted ofcivilians.Part of being responsible for ouractions is knowing what our choices are and livingwith our decisions.

Choosing to hit the snoozealarm can send shock waves through the rest ofyour life. (11). If the U.

S. had demonstrated theA-bomb to Japan, history and warfare may havechanged and been affected tremendously. TheAmericans believed Japan would never surrender.

Ifthe bomb had not been dropped thousands ofAmericans lives could have been lost in aninvasion of Japan. Pressure to drop the bombs camefrom these three major categories: military,domestic, and diplomatic. As in most militaryconflicts, there was and effort to establish theAmericans as being superior to the Japanese.

Nagasaki was chosen as a target because it was amajor naval and shipbuilding center. At the timeof the bombing, the Nagasaki shipyards were thelargest privately owned shipyards in Japan.Although the U.S.

argued that there were a limitednumber of bombs available, and that it would be awaste of money, people thought they still shouldhave demonstrated what the A-bomb would in fact doto Japan. Truman and others believed the invasionof the Japanese mainland would be extremelycostly, and that making the bomb as a militaryweapon whose use was fully condoned and neverquestioned.At no time, from 1941 to 1945, did Iever hear it suggested by the President, or anyother responsible member of the government, thatatomic energy should not be used in the war. (23)Prior to the dropping of the A-bomb on Hiroshima,Truman had somewhat of an idea that Japan was onthe verge of surrendering. On August 14, 1945 theJapanese surrendered unconditionally and the warin Asia ended.




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