In the first few months of life, everything is new to the infant, whose senses are present at birth but still developing. Between 1 and 4 months of age, the baby watches things close—objects, her parents’ faces, and her own hands.
At this point, she looks in the direction of a sound (she will be able to locate the sound between 4 and 8 months of age) and imitates such gestures as clapping hands and waving goodbye.The most significant cognitive development during the next four months of life is the realization that something that has been hidden still exists. Also, depth perception—the ability to figure out the approximate distance of an object—is apparent during this stage, as the child displays a fear of falling from high places.Now, taking an example of Mollie, who is non-moble infant of eight months and to develop a play area for Mollie, and how it will improve her cognitive development.
Around now, you may find that he or she loves games that involve peekaboo in which the whole object is hidden and then appears. He or She might also enjoy games that involve hiding and finding an object. When you hide something, make sure that he or she sees where you hid it and that it is easily accessible. The dropping experiments that first began a few months ago continue to delight him or her. Pushing objects off the edge of things and/or stacking soft blocks are ways of learning the logic of the physical world so look for ways to support these interests by creating opportunities and being patient with the repetition of picking up fallen objects. Around now, your child may fuss more for a fallen object, even if it is out of sight, because he or she knows its there somewhere!Infants show that they are remembering a lot about their visual worlds and can use adult guidance in some new ways at this point in development. Around now, infants have improved location memory and their searching behavior shows it! Try hiding objects under a blanket or behind your back and see what your child does.
She will probably love it! Your child also shows that she is following naming then pointing to images in books. If when looking at a book, you say, “There’s a doggie” or “Where’s that doggie?” and then point to the dog, your child will follow your point to the dog. Being able to remember more about his or her visual world and being able to follow your gestures helps your child to learn many new things! Around now, watch for instances when your child demonstrates that she remembers the locations of things, for instance, when you say “Nana’s here!” and your child turns to the door that Nana always comes through. When looking through books with fold back parts, she may remember where to look for a certain puppy each time she sees the book. You can play simple hiding games with your child now that she is beginning to understand better that objects are permanent even if they can’t be seen. The games shouldn’t wait more than a few seconds before your child seeks out the object.
Around now, you can support your child ‘s understanding of what is around him or her by pointing and labeling. Your child has learned to follow your point and to look where you are a looking, a fairly sophisticated ability and a very useful means for learning!The sensorimotor stage can be divided into six separate substages that are characterized by the development of a new skill. During this substage for Mollie of eight months, the child becomes more focused on the world and begins to intentionally repeat an action in order to trigger a response in the environment. For example, a child will purposefully pick up a toy in order to put it in his or her mouth.