Changing Gender Roles in Our Society: Women’s Education and Employment Education and employment go hand in hand now a day in order to become financially successful in life.
These are two unmistakably major parts of society today. In order to become successful a good job is needed, and in order to get the job a good education is needed as well. But women especially need to emphasize more in these two subjects than men; due to past gender discrimination which brought on Equal Employment Opportunity Laws and challenges dissimilar from men’s: such as physical problems which effect their earnings, and that change their education habits.The year 1964 was a turning point in America’s history when the Civil Rights Act was passed making it illegal to discriminate during the hiring, promoting, or firing process of a job because of their sex, race, color, and religious preference. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) was passed afterwards making a person’s sex an occupational qualification for a job. This made it easier for women to get out of the kitchen and seek jobs opportunities with ease not fearing being rejected or bad mouth.The Act also lead to programs of affirmative action helping not just women but all people when they too are victims of discrimination. It did that by giving the victim a larger voice in a court of law against a large company or organization.
This gave way to a large population growth of women in the work force, nearly doubling in just 50 years. In the 1950’s about one in three women worked. This number jumped to three in five women by the year 2000. In 1990 women made 45 percent of the work force. And in 2000 it raised 3 percent and now women make up 48 percent of the work force while makeup men 52 percent.
Now that women are part of the everyday work force they encounter many other problems than men do. One of the main problems is their physical difference compared to men. Women are in average 5 inches shorter and weigh 30 pounds less than men. In labor jobs women usually are subject to work in an office environment, such as secretaries, teachers, nurses, or a job with little physical tasks. Since those jobs are saturated with women, competition for positions is tough and in result the pay is low. Women have more medical problems than men resulting in more absences’. According to the U.
S. Department of Labor, women have twice as much absence from work than men, due to medical complications. Some of these complications they list are pregnancies, menstrual cycle, and menopause. The EEOC makes sure that women are in no way discriminated at work or school because of these complications. The U. S. Department of Labor, Women’s Absenteeism section, states that in the year2000, 4 percent of women were absent each week.
So the average total hours worked a week for all women is 35 hours; making it lower than men’s, which interns lowing the average income of women.Absences can do a lot to affect their earning. Complications like the ones stated above plus others like home and family matters make absences even more common. As the more women continue to work their responsibilities at home stay the same, which harmfully affects their work attendance. Despite the lower attendance than men’s women’s salaries compared to men’s have gone up. Actually men’s salary dropped 7 percent since the 50’s and women’s rose 14 percent! Women now make up 46 percent of workers in administrative, executive, and managerial occupations.This is a good thing because they make the same amount of money that men do in these fields.
But women still seem to not be growing in companies. Only 2 percent of Fortune 500 hundred companies were women. It seems that women can only be successful my being business owners or working in a professional environment. Women who are lawyers, pharmacist, and physicians make more than those that work sales, technical jobs, etc. While men can engineer, build products, play sports, and use their hands to be just as successful.
The need to become equal has made the need for more education.Seeking more success as a woman requires a field of professionalism, and the need for a better education is key. According to the Department of Labor: Women’s Education section, women attend college more than men.
More men graduated from high school in 2000 because there were more men attending school than women. But 70 percent of women who graduated from high school were enrolled in a college, while only 62 percent of men did. That shows that women are better educated now about the need for a higher education to be successful. Despite the progress women have made in work and education.
Women still earn less than men. And it is predicted by economic researches like Susan M. Heathfield that their pay will still be lower in the future, lagging being men in similar careers even when women have more education.
From the facts above, it can be concluded that women have it harder than most think in reaching that financially success that many dream. Many more women have educations than before, and more than men in that matter, but still receive a smaller check. They have to overcome problems with their body that men do not.Compete for jobs not only with other women but men as well in a world where men dominate the largest corporations and businesses.
It is truly a success story when a woman manages all this and becomes successful in this society today.Works Citied 1) “Women and Work: Then, Now, and Predicting the Future for Women in the Workplace” By: Susan M. Heathfiel About.
com 2) U. S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics bls. gov 3) “Teaching With Documents: The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission” By: The National Archives Archives. gov