Health Care Provider and Faith Diversity: First Draft Grand Canyon University Foundations of Spirituality in Health Care HLT-310V October 06, 2012 Abstract In this paper the author will explain what is faith and religion, and compare the philosophy of Sikh, Buddhism, and Jewish religions with that Christian and the author’s religion, include spiritual perspective and elements of healing, how necessary is to permit patient to practice their religious beliefs and rituals, and last, describe how this information could be incorporated into the daily health care professionals routine.
Health Care Provider & Faith Diversity: First Draft The word faith has different meanings; it depends who defines the term. According to the Cambridge dictionaries online faith is “a high degree of trust or confidence in something or someone”. Another definition that is in the bible is “Faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen” (Hebrews 11, 1). For most people faith comes with religion.
According to Jarvis the author of Physical Examination & Health Assessment e- book (2012) religion refers to an organized system of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, especially belief in or the worship of God or gods. Health care workers need to gain knowledge regarding the acceptance of different faith expressions and different religions to provide quality cultural and holistic care.
In this paper the author will encapsulate results and compare and contrast the different belief systems of three religions Sikh, Buddhist, Jewish with that of the Christian religion and the author’s view, also will incorporate the spiritual perspective and elements of healing, the major values to people of a different faith when attended for by health care professional whose spiritual beliefs are not the same as the author’s beliefs, and last, describe how this knowledge could be incorporated to a health care provider daily work experience.
First of all, Sikh is one of largest faith religions being number five in the world with over 20 million believers that emphasized in mankind equality, no tolerance for violence, and acceptance for other faiths. According to the BBC news “Sikhism was founded in the Punjab by Guru Nanak in the 15th Century” Sikhism requires worshiping with complete sincerity and simplicity. For the Sikh religion, God or “Sat Nam” has no appearance or body but His mercy could be implored by faith and living a truthful life.
Sikhs normally do prayer kneeling down as Catholics or Christians do. Prayer or meditation, known as naam jap or naam simran, is typically performed while sitting comfortably on the floor with their legs crossed. Prayer is an essential part of Sikhism with meditation on God is what they believe is the medicine to cure millions of illnesses during times of sickness and disease. Health care professionals should provide the Sikh patient with of the same sex practitioner if it is possible.
No beef or pork is allowed but if the Sikhs have to eat meat it has to be “Halal” that is killed according to Sikh ritual that is neither sacrificing the animal to please God. The Sikh’s have different ceremonies for many occasions where they give thanks and pray and also they have rituals early in the morning, where they bathe, and say their prayers. The Sikh believes on God and the Christians believe in the God’s son too that is Jesus Christ. Both religions pray for people to be healed.
Secondly, according to BBC religions Buddhism” is 2,500 years old and there are currently 376 million followers worldwide. Buddhist patients might request that their room in the hospital to be quiet and peace during crises. They are modest and might require a health care professional from the same sex as the patient. Mainly all Buddhists are vegetarian. Buddhist when in the hospital might require the use of non-pharmacological pain mediation because these do not cause decrease of mental awareness.
They pray with string of beads or chant loudly and the prayers might be repetitive. Buddhist patient’s might want to bring the picture of Buddha to the hospital and also they might want to burn incense or candle, but flowers or an electrical light are a better option while in the hospital. Meditation is one of the essential practice of healing for the Buddhist Buddhism people practice different kinds of rituals and practices, these are intended to help in the path to enlightenment but also these will bring blessings. Christians and Buddhist pray using repetitive prayers.
Christian believes in one god made of three distinct “persons”: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and the Buddhist believe in Buddha. Third, the Jewish religion teaches that kindness, concern and compassion are necessary to be good Jewish people. They worshipped God as total ruler of the universe, and believe that prayer forms the relationship between God and human being. They are taught to share a meal with homeless and visit sick people in hospitals. While in hospital they do not do any physical activity or task from sundown on Friday to sundown on Saturday.
Procedures or treatments should not be done during this period of time and during their major holidays. They request that their food in some holidays should be “Kosher diet; that consist of beef, or beef with dairy products. Jewish are modest people and have concerns about treatment by the opposite sex. Before major and medical decision they prefer to consult with their rabbi who is a spiritual leader. Both Jewish and Christian believe in one God, but the Christian believe in Jesus Christ. Both religions seek medical attention when someone is ill. Next, there are 2. 8 billion Christians around the world. When talking about faith and healing for the Christian religion it occurs mystically, as the result of prayer for them, physical disease and sin are states of mind that could be corrected with prayers; but also they are given the option to choose if they want medical treatment but still some Christians would not accept medical care they prefer prayers.
In the bible there are passages that have stories of Jesus curing people from illnesses, and Christians believe in those miracles. Last, the author’s religion is Roman Catholic which accounts for nearly 1. billion Catholics in the world. Catholics strongly believe in the mediation of the saints and are also taught that God can heal. Catholics believe in the power of blessings and with this the use of sacraments like the Anointing of the Sick (i. e. , blessed salt, water and oil) are used for healing. Certain people are physically healed. Catholics believe that God heals, and people pray all the time to be healed, nevertheless the Catholic Church does educate that medical care is an appropriate action to do when they are ill, and people are not banned from their religion if they seek medical attention.
As a Catholic nurse living in California, the author encounters patients with different religion, but the author promptly sets aside her own beliefs, placing the patient as number one priority. The primary objective of a health care professional is to be cultural competent, showing compassion, understanding of other religions and beliefs but in some occasions sometimes disagreeing with other religions and healing faith but always taking into consideration patient’s safety and well-being.
The Sikh, Buddhist, Jewish, Christian, and Catholics are persons that have peace and mutual respect. But at the end they have a different view of God, a different point of Jesus, a different interpretation of Scripture, and a different perspective of salvation. Some similarities between all of the above religions would be that all of them worship one universal god. From these religions all inspired truth, goodness and grace to be found in all world religions. All of the religions value prayer, but they also respect the contribution of technology and medicine.
As health care providers during our care we physically assess patients but also we have to incorporate spiritual assessment, in this case as nurses we have to recognize what is important to our patient concerning faith and paying attention to spiritual needs. Patients feel appreciated and might feel better if they notice that we care about their religion and their beliefs. Out of the 122 schools of medicine in the USA nearly 90 percent require that their students take a course in related to medical religion and spirituality.
Conclusion Edelman & Mandle (2011) as the demographics of the United States continue to become more diverse; nurses need to be culturally competent as one strategy for eliminating racial and ethnic disparities. The author gained important information from this research because it provided her with useful understanding of Sikh, Buddhist, Jewish, Christian, and Catholic beliefs into her nursing profession. All of the religions believe in medical care when there is someone ill.
With this report the author will integrate a spiritual assessment into her daily nursing assessment to provide holistic care to her patients. As part of the healthcare professionals the author that is a nurse should respect every religion and belief regardless of her own personal beliefs to be able to give excellent culture care and also should encourage patients and family members to express how religious/cultural beliefs may be relevant to their hospital stay concerning individual necessities, communication with staff, and decisions regarding their treatment.
References BBC Religions. Retrieved on October 14, 2012 from http://www. bbc. co. uk/religion/religions Cambridge dictionaries online. Retrieved on October 2, 2012 from dictionary. cambridge. org Catholic Answers. Retrieved on October 5, 2012 from http://forums. catholic. com /show. php? t=510236 Edelman, C. L. , & Mandel, C. L. (2009). In Health promotion throughout the life span. (7th Ed). St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier p. 65). Retrieved on October 5, 2012. Jarvis. C. (2011)Physical Examination and Healht Assessment. (6th ed. ). St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier. (p 15-16). Retrieved on October 14, 2012 Pack. D. The restored Church of God. Retrieved on October 2, 2012 from http://rcg. org/books/wirf. html Sikh Philosphy network. Retrieved on October14, 2012 from http://www. sikhphilosophy. net/christianity/38402-catholic-sikh-dialogue-what-unites-us. html. Sikh women. com. Retrieved on October 14, 2012 from http://www. sikhwomen. com/health/care/protocol. htm Zavada. J. Christian Science Church Beliefs and Practices. Retrieved on October 5, 2012 from http://christianity. about. com /