History of Cricket

Cricket was invented in early 1300’s and is now being played over more than 100 countries. There are different formats of cricket there are one-day internationals which they play 50 overs each side during, they can play under the floodlights if the umpire decided to, each bowler can bowl up to 10 over per match or less, each overs has six deliveries.There is a 20twenty format in cricket in which each team bath for 20twenty overs and the last format is test cricket which lasts until five days Test cricket is played between two teams of eleven players over a period of up to a maximum of five days – although matches are sometimes completed early when one side wins well within the time allotted i. e. in three or four days.

On each day there are usually three two-hour sessions with a forty minute break for “lunch” and a twenty minute break for “tea” in England typically 11am-1pm, 1. 0pm-3. 40pm, 4pm-at least 6pm play often continues later to make up for overs lost due to the weather, to make up the required minimum number of overs for the day, or if a team is close to being dismissed. Cricket is played with two teams of eleven, with two umpires (referees) on an oval shaped field. The size of the field varies, but generally has a diameter of around 200 metres. A cricket bat is oblong shaped with a narrow handle. A cricket ball is made of cork and covered with leather, and is then stitched up.A ball weighs around 10 ounces.

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In the middle of the field is what is known as a pitch. A pitch is a hard, flat strip of dry ground around 18 metres long. Two batsmen are at the pitch at a time, both at different ends, with one facing the delivery of the ball from the bowler. The bowler runs up to the pitch where he bowls the ball over arm with a straight arm. Teams score by getting runs.

A run is completed when a batsman hits the ball and then runs to the other end of the cricket pitch, getting past the crease.The non striking batsman has to run to the opposite end as well. The batsman can run as many times as they like, but the batsmen can get out if their stumps are hit with the ball by a fielder before the batsman reaches the crease.

The stumps are three sticks of equal size measuring around 90 centimetres tall with 5 centimetres separating them. Bails (small pieces of wood) are balanced on top of the stumps. Other ways runs can be scored are by hitting boundaries. Boundaries are scored when the ball is hit and touches or goes past the outer edge of the field.Four runs are scored when the batsmen hits the ball and the ball hits the ground before reaching the outer edge of the boundary, and six runs are scored when the ball is hit and goes over the boundary without touching the ground. Runs can also be scored in the following ways: No balls, when the bowler oversteps the crease, bowls in a dangerous manner or incorrectly.

A no ball is worth one run. A wide is scored when the ball goes outside the line of the pitch before coming in line with the batsman. This is also worth one run.

A leg bye is scored when the ball hits the batsman but doesn’t contact his bat and then proceeds to run. A bye is scored when the batsman runs without the ball coming into into contact with the batsman or his bat, and then runs. The fielding team can get the batsman out in several ways, by 1) catching him out. This is done when the batsman hits the ball with his bat and a fielder catches the ball on the full (without bouncing).

By 2) bowling him out. This happens when the bowler bowls the ball and the ball strikes the batsmen’s stumps or bails. By 3) leg before wicket, or LBW.This happens when the bowler bowls it and the stumps being hit by the ball are prevented when the batsmen’s leg gets in the way. By 4) stumped, when the batsman comes forward to hit the hit but steps out of his crease, misses the ball and the fielder behind the stumps collects the ball hits the stumps before the batsman gets back behind his crease. By 5) run out, when the batsman attempts to score a run but has his stumps hit by the ball before he reaches the other crease. By 6) Hit wicket, when the batsman hits his own stumps while trying to hit the ball.

By 7) retired, when the batsman voluntarily decides to finish his innings, and 8) timed out, when the next batsman doesn’t appear on the pitch within two minutes of the last batsman getting out. Each team has one innings. This innings can last anything from 20 overs (a series of 6 bowls by a bowler) to an unlimited over match. Most one day matches are played with each side having 50 overs (or 300 balls).

If 10 of a team’s batsman are out, the innings ends there regardless of how many balls are left to be bowled. The team that scores the most runs in their innings is the team that wins.



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