Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini

Benito Mussolini was born in 1833 in Dovia di Predappio, Forli, Italy. He was the oldest of three children and his father was a socialist who devoted a majority of his time to politics. Growing up, Mussolini showed signs of great intelligence but was very disobedient. His father influenced his passion for socialist politics on him. Through his childhood, Mussolini was expelled from for bullying and defying school authorities. Despite this, he got a teaching certificate and became a schoolmaster for a short period of time. Benito moved to Switzerland but was expelled from the country for engaging in political demonstrations.

Mussolini saw a great opportunity for Italy when they joined World War I. This upset his fellow socialist and he was expelled from the organization. He joined the army but was wounded and discharged from the military. Later on, Mussolini “organized a para-military unit known as the “Black Shirts,” who terrorized political opponents and helped increase Fascist influence. ” Italy became utter chaos and Mussolini declared him dictator. He also gave himself the title “Il Duce” (“the Leader”) and he started to become fairly popular with the people. In 1935, Mussolini wanted to show off his power and invaded Ethiopia.

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They were no match for Italy and he quickly captured the capital, Addis Ababa. German dictator, Adolf Hitler, was impressed with Mussolini’s victories and decided to establish a relationship between them. In 1939, they signed the “Pact of Steel” alliance. With the influence of Hitler, Mussolini also developed a discrimination of Jews. Due to Germany declaring war with Britain and France, Italy was forced into war. This showed the weakness of the Italian army. At the Casablanca Conference, Winston Churchill and Franklin Roosevelt came up with a plan to take Italy out of the war.

Mussolini was then forced to resign and was arrested but was rescued by German commandos. On June 4, 1944, Rome marched on to take control of Italy which made Mussolini and his mistress, Claretta Petacci, try to run away to Switzerland. On April 27, 1945, Italian underground captured them and they were executed the next day. In Mezzegra, Italy, Mussolini and Petacci were hung in a Milan Plaza. Italian people weren’t too affected by Mussolini’s death considering he never gave them what he promised. “Mussolini had promised his people Roman glory, but his megalomania had overcome his common



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