Racism is an edifice like an opera house or a church that humans built as it protects particular cultural principles, demonstrating and sustaining them for the generations by means of morally charged dramas (Miles and Brown 3). The subsistence of racism wants us to see and accept it as an institution that is like a permanent fixture of our cultural landscape as a rock-solid inheritance rather than a comparatively recent and jury-rigged conception more over the truth is that racism is subjected to our own power to act, like all cultural institutions that was made by human beings, we can knock down the walls to clear the way for something fresh.When the United States aims for more territory to display its power and existence, Native Americans were constrained to leave their lands, some were massacred to make room for white settlers thus slavery was born and slaves were utilized to support the economic expansion of the agrarian beyond possible circumstances, missing the decent living conditions for farm laborers, slave-owners and their elected representatives (Thorton 136).
Protecting the Unprotected: Standing Out of NowhereIn contemporary years, policy attention regarding the crisis of the African American male has paid heed on a variety of areas in which African American males have gone through unreasonably from social tribulations and these have included education, housing, employment, and health care, among others (Conrad 144). African Americans have been also affected in two significant areas which regard the realm of crime and the criminal justice system. First, African Americans are more probably persecuted by crime than of other groups therefore creating a set of individual and community problems which hold back upon other areas of productive activity (Hakutani and Butler 54). Second, the gripping rates at which African American males have been involved in criminal or social offenses thus creating a complex set of consequences which affect not only individual victims and offenders, but families and communities as well.
The unwavering protection of civil liberties is what separates the United States from totalitarian nations however unwarranted force, police brutality and deliberate disrespect for civil liberties have magnified the flaws in this democratic society (Leone and Anrig 1). The disparities in the U.S justice system are also a cause of concern revealing 49 percent of African Americans are incarcerated. Race, in the U.S. criminal justice system, extensively affects the probability that a person will be sentenced and convicted of a crime thus it also determines the sternness of the punishment.In the milieu, we hear a calling for social and racial justice moreover its effects have been life-saving but intermittent.
Years later, the modern civil rights movement defeated legalized segregation and this victory by no means restored full human rights and social equality to African Americans, but the world did not perceived it (Verney 11). Since then, the movement has remained motionless therefore it doesn’t achieve the significant magnitude necessary to put a stop to racism’s most egregious crimes. The road to justice remains as long and as difficult as ever leading us one step forward and two steps back, as a matter of fact the last quarter-century has seen the enormous reversals that may have seemed impossible to reach the end of this road.A pattern has emerged the force of violent, radical racism abated somewhat in the ensuing years as it becomes more localized phenomenon causing waves of racist extremism wash across nations in consequence social forces have enacted setting in motion by imperial designs causing counter-waves of activism while pushing the consensus in the opposite direction (Higham 3).
Numerous Native Americans and African-American living in US was prosecuted and imprisoned at a rate as many times as their presence in the population. United States is one of the richest countries in the world, yet a huge proportion of African-American women and children with their families are living in abject poverty covering a vastly disproportionate share of the total and today, every citizen has the vote and the right of access to public but for many the quality of life is so diminished by social conditions that the wolf named “Despair” is always at the door waiting for someone to get killed (Sahpiro 37).Second Chance, Second LifeAmerica becomes colour-blind post-racist nation and racial discrimination continues to be a huge problem in the nation’s prison and criminal justice systems furthermore state the idea that government can’t really do anything anymore lacking the strength, the legitimacy, the money, the wherewithal to carry out key objectives and it has no clear objective or assurance to provide funds for meaningful rehabilitation and re-entry services for many millions of very disproportionately black prisoners and ex-prisoners who are marked for life with a criminal record (Davis, et al 104).
Large number of African-American who have been incarcerated initially feel the misery of life in their neighbourhoods and it is a common ground to demand for a second chance but the miserable truth is screaming loud that most of them are returning home to communities where they never received much in a way of their first chance (Hattery and Smith 270).It is worth reminiscing that the current president of the United States owes his existence at the seat of world power to the retaliatory and criminally profligately electoral disenfranchisement of black ex-felons in the state of Florida moreover these men serves in his armed forces as they were given the option of joining the military as their only alternative to incarceration as he prepares an unwarranted, penalizing and criminal state-imperialist attack on Iraq, in a similar vein, there is a positive outlook from most African-Americans who have joined the military as they would like their policymakers to move away from punitive, racially disparate mass incarceration and towards pro-active treatment, rehabilitation and community-based justice and real “corrections.”A Glimpse of the Silver Lining: Social and Moral SupportNearly a third of African-American men will cross the threshold of state or federal prison during their lives hence countless will be lost in the criminal justice system and finish up in prison, poverty, and unemployment. Incarceration causes closure of employment avenues for ex-offenders in the public sector moreover those who are released could fail to become fully rehabilitated, and may go on to commit more crimes due to lack of job training and support programs (Hepburn 164).Breaking the law should have consequences, there is no question about that and we have to fully understand that violence is always wrong therefore justice must be fair and punishment must fit the crime in addition, the costs of crimes are at high nevertheless failing to break this cycle will costs America more.
The judicial system seemingly jeopardize certain sentences among African-American citizens while too many young, first-time and non-violent offenders have been locked up for the better part of their lives.It is very impossible for one to nurture and support a family without a high school diploma but a criminal record instead for this reason the prospects for success are next to none.If former prisoners will be given a second chance and support from their community-based organizations they can have a meaningful life working with state and local authorities, likewise it will also promote and ensure that the re-entry programs will help make communities safer.Creating paths for ex-offenders is very crucial and this will lead them to leave the life of crime. Providing jobs, skills, and education they need to get their meaningful life back means so much not just for their selves but for America as a whole.
Employment process designs with effective training and mentoring programs will help people to be at ease during transition period from their new jobs accordingly re-assessment of laws will be beneficial in relation to hiring people with a criminal record to avoid foreclosure of effective ways in bringing people out of poverty and preventing them from committing new crimes (Hunt 19).The immense multiplicity in incarcerated individuals resulted in a larger population of ex-convicts offers critical issues for U.S. public policy to address the employment and socialization dilemmas.Various systematic research projects to deal with this important public concern would be well worth the expenditure of public funds and studies shows that stable lives and sustainable employment are the keys to preventing recidivism. Ex-offenders become valuable participants in communities as they enter successfully transition out of the criminal justice system as they begin earning a living wage and contributing to tax base, instead of burdening it.As a society, we are in great accordance that work is better than welfare and surely then, work is better than crime and prison.
The dark cloud around criminal and social justice issues in incarceration of African-American men is starting to fade a little and hope is being place to reconstruct the gap between the American government with its people.Second chance is all they need to prove that they are still a part of this nation. Let us give them the chance to prove their worth. Not all African-American men or the people behind bars committed a crime or such, some are just unlucky to catch the blows of life and fight back. Life is sometime’s unfair but let us give them a fair game, let us give them the chance to stand up and face the world again.