Oedipus The King: Book Report

Oedipus “Book Report” Title: Oedipus The King Author and Date: Sophocles Main Characters * Oedipus- Oedipus is the son of Laius and Jocasta. He is the husband of Jocasta, his mother. Oedipus is the well liked king of Thebes. He is smart, acts fast, and has many great achievements. One of those achievements is the solving of the sphinx’s riddle that liberated the people of Thebes. Throughout the play Oedipus acts fast when his kingdom is sick, when he is attempting to put the blame on the death of Laius, and when he is trying to find the truth of his destiny. Creon- Creon is a somewhat a politician in Thebes and is Oedipus’ adviser.

In the play, Creon is a business man that tries to deal with Oedipus in a more professional manner. However, by the end of the play he is showing signs of his desire to take the position of king form Oedipus. Creon is a rational and intelligent man that thinks a few steps of people, like shown in the case of Oedipus. * Chorus- the chorus in the play are the representatives of the people of Thebes. They are always giving commentary on what is going on, namely the back and forth accusations of the death of Laius.

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The chorus wants the best for Thebes and therefore are there to make sure the people of Thebes have their say on the situation. Minor Characters * Jocasta- The mother and wife of Oedipus. She is the sister of Creon and was the wife of Laius as well. She is a protective mother, wife, and sister, that when faces with the argument between he brother and he son/husband she attempts to stop it. She then finds out the truth of Oedipus and kills herself.

* Tiresias- Is the blind fortune teller of Thebes that is requested by Oedipus to give him advice. He then accuses Oedipus of murdering Laius.Tiresias is a wise man who is never listened to. Main Setting(s) * One whole day in the royal palace of Thebes.

This is set in ancient Greece, around 430 b. c. It is during a time of great sorrow for the city of Thebes because of a curse plague that is ravaging its citizens. One Paragraph Plot Outline In Oedipus the King, by Sophocles, the citizens of Thebes are being ravaged by a plague. The citizens of Thebes come to Oedipus to beg him to relieve them from this plague.

Oedipus had already sent Creon, brother-in-law and another ruler of Thebes, to the Oracle to find answers.The answer is that they must find and banish the murderer of the former king of Thebes Laius. Oedipus asked the advice of the blind prophet Tiresias about who is the murdered. At first he does not want to tell Oedipus. After a few insults and accusations, he finally tells him that he is the murderer. Oedipus then becomes paranoid and orders Creon to be banished. Jocasta, Oedipus’ mother/wife and sister of Creon, begs him not to.

After much more teasing of not knowing his own parents, Oedipus then asks for the truth about his parent.After several more observations and questioning, Oedipus and Jocosta find out that the tragic fate of Oedipus was always impossible to hide from. Jocasta then kills herself while Oedipus blinds himself.

Two or Three Symbols 1. The swollen foot of Oedipus. Oedipus got this swollen foot because his ankles were pinned together and then he was left in the mountains. After he was released he had to live with a limp for the rest of his life that symbolizes the marking that fate left on him so it would be fulfilled. The restraints symbolizes that Oedipus had limited ways of living his life because of Apollo’s prophecy.

. The Three way crossroad is where Oedipus killed Laius, his father without realizing it. This has a deep symbolization of decision making, free will, and fate. This symbol shows that no matter what road Oedipus choose, it would always lead him to the same fate. Two Or Three Sentences On Style The style of Oedipus the King is a tragic drama style that increases the readers desire to find the answers at the end of the story.

This tragedy also helps put emphasis the themes of the play. One Or Two Sentences On Dominate Themes/Issues/PhilosophyThe dominate theme in Oedipus the King is fate versus free will. The free will that Oedipus thought he had when he ran away turned out to go in favor of his fate, which shows that fate is the ultimate end.Four Short Quotations Typical Of The Work 1. Pg. 83- The chorus- “Therefore we must call no man happy while he waits to see his last day. ” 2.

Pg. 74- Oedipus- “Darkness, dark cloud all around me, enclosing me, unspeakable darkness, irresistible. ” 3. Pg. 26- Oedipus- “Whom do you mean? Wait! Who is my father? ” 4. Pg. 27- Tiresias- “Blind instead of seeing.

Beggar instead of rich. ”

Author: Israel Erickson


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