Renaissance Ideas in Italian Art Thesis: Italian art during the period expressed Renaissance Ideas in many ways. The backgrounds of the paintings began to create a sense of real time and space with symmetry. In many of the artworks, Renaissance themes such as humanism were displayed. I. Backgrounds created a sense of real time and space (the here and now) -The linear perspective-convergence of linear lines to a vanishing point for 3D quality (Paolo Uccello) -Chiaroscuro technique developed Giotto (1266-1337) “The Father of Renaissance Painting” (di Bondone) –People still proportionally larger than background & still 2D –Certain things (people) get cut out (only heads are showing on the side) -> shows that the whole picture isn’t seen –The Lamentation 1304-1306 -Masaccio (1401-1428) “The lost turtle” –The Tribute Money, 1427 (emphasized naturalism-The practice of describing precisely the actual circumstances of human life in literature) –First real master of linear perspective (sense that objects farther away are smaller) -Shadows are shown from sun-> Chiaroscuro technique – II.
Antiquity -Donatello (1386-1466) “the father of Renaissance sculpture” –David (1440) was the first nude piece since antiquity –no medieval statue dared to be so brazenly naked -Symmetry was a common throwback to antiquity (Greek columns) -Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) –The Last Supper (1495-1498) -Jesus at center of table -everyone on one side of the table -Sandro Botticelli –Birth of Venus (1484-1485) represents the moment when the goddess was born Antiquity (shows nudity) -She stands demurely in the center of the painting, modestly covering her nude body with elegant hands and masses of golden hair -Symmetry (central character and balance on each side) III.The ability of Man -Human beings are capable of anything (optimistic view of humans unlike medieval times) -Humans are a wonderful work of art by God – Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446) –“The Impossible Dome” -> people didn’t believe it could be done -114 meters high, 42 meters wide, 37 thousand tons, 4 million bricks -Florentine Cathedral 1420-1436 -Lorenzo Ghiberti (1378-1455) –The “Gates of Paradise” Eastern doors to the Baptistery, Florence 1425-1452 –individualism: did a self-portrait on the north door -Michelangelo (1475-1564) (di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni) –“The Creation of Adam” –Michelangelo worked for four years on the dome in the Sistine Chapel –Art Form: Fresco (once it dried, it was done) –focused on the individual –Man made in God’s image Real time and space (here and now) Secularism or antiquity How good man is