The speech by Martin Luther King was written and promulgated on August 28, 1963 before 200,000 civil rights supporters. In the speech, Martin Luther King addresses a very important problem of racial inequality in America and its impact on the society. King made his point and pursued the reader to agree with him that all God’s sons and daughter are equal. King expects that his speech helps many people to “awake” from long sleeping and start fighting, because the established Constitution grants the right to the populace, and no doubt that in modern society the main role is featured to democracy and liberty. King appeals to emotions of readers through historical images.
Also, he uses a lot of metaphors and images closely connected with the period of slavery and Abraham Lincoln. He mentioned constitutional rights of Negroes saying “all men are created equal” (King, 492). Stating a thesis, King uses historical information to attract listeners attention at once. While “whites” are universally proud of their background, contemporary African-Americans are still the target of discrimination and outright racism.
King persuades readers (listeners) that all people are equal and racial discrimination is nothing more than echo of the past which should be overcome. King marks that in community, different races live closely to each other, and black color of skin does not influence their social values and do not cause intolerance. The most important thing is that King does not thrust his opinion on the readers, he expresses it as “a dream” or personal believe in better days when “God’s children will be able to sing … sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing” (King, 293).King pays a special attention to the setting, the Lincoln Memorial. Lincoln Memorial was built by black slaves who died during its construction. It is possible to say that this setting reflects power and importance of black population, their hopes and expectations. During the presidency of Abraham Lincoln, Constitutional rights were granted to black citizens.
Martin Luther King hopes that American citizens, “whites” and “blacks”, will be equal in their rights and racial minorities will be equally treated by majority.Jonathan SwiftJonathan Swift is a master of satire and irony. In “A Modest Proposal” he skillfully satirizes contemporary society and morals. Swift underlines that people do not like those who differ from them doing everything possible to level the differences.
In general, satire can be defined as a literary tool which attacks low morals or foolishness of people through acute irony.Swift follows a specific way of argumentation using lengthily descriptions and facts. He does not attack directly landlords and the state, but unveils usefulness of their actions and plans. Using objectives and facts, Swift criticizes the immoral life of this new world, foreseeing the death of civilized values. His works vividly reflects his epoch portraying ineffective functions of the government and foolish decisions.
He informs readers about the proposal and its obvious benefits, possible consequences and ‘importance’ for an average child. On the other hand, he gives some facts about depopulation of Ireland and questions outcomes of the proposal. Swift effectively combines argumentation and lists some facts and historical data which lead to depopulation. He states: “After all, I am not so violently bent upon my own opinion, as to reject any offer, proposed by wise men” (Swift 2005).
The main advantage of the argumentation is that the author sets images of story for readers to understand the purpose of the work. He presents his thesis at the end of the proposal as a conclusion. He states that the government and landlords pay no attention to the needs of poor families: “that there will ever be some hearty and sincere attempt to put them into practice” (Swift 2005). Using satire and sarcasm, Swift shows low morals of landlords and false promises to change the life of poor people. His satire is based on argumentation and clear facts which unveil the false ‘value’ of the proposal.Woks Cited PageKing, M.
L. (2000) “I have a Dream”, Chapter 9. Prentice Hall Reader, pp.290-294.Swift, J. A Modest Proposal.
(2005) Retrieved from http://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/etext97/mdprp10.txt;;