The Rise of Nazism and the factors involved Many key factors led up to the rise of Nazism. These factors had great impact on all of Germany and the world. Some of these factors were specific antecedents, prejudice behaviors, and psychological factors that many people faced.
Things that precede or allow things to happen are called antecedents. Four specific antecedents helped to enable the rise of Nazism. The first of these antecedents would be the end of WWI when German was defeated in 1918. Many German lives were taken during this war and the German population was not prepared for the dramatic defeat.
The German population was looking to put the blame on someone. The blame was put on the politicians, Communists, and the Jews (A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust 2005). They were blamed to be the reason the Germans were defeated. With this blame came turmoil for all involved. The Weimer Republic tried to start a new democratic government but, this only caused both sides of the political parties to fight for power (A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust 2005). The new government could not handle the defeated economy or the tactless behavior of the Germans.
Another one of the antecedents was the Treaty of Versailles.This was a treaty that was signed by German in 1919. The treaty made Germany pay Britain and France for the huge amounts of money the war cost. This only caused Germans to become infuriated and want to fight back.
A group of soldiers and other Germans joined the German Worker’s Party. This party believed in militarism, national pride, and full commitment to Germany. Adolf Hitler was one of many Germans to join this party. Hitler made his was in front of the German population with overwhelming speeches.
These speeches gave the Germans hope of what would happen with someone else in control.Hitler also damned Jews and supported anti-Semitism (A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust 2005). This is one of the other antecedents. Anti-Semitism is the negative belief system that defined the Jews and Judaism. Hitler was a firm believer that the Jews were the cause of all the problems in Germany.
He portrayed them as dirty and deceitful. Hitler also did not like African Americans. He had very anti-Semitic views towards Jews and African Americans.
Hitler’s followers were called the workers party for some time. Hitler changed the name of the workers party to the Nazi party with 3000 followers.Later, Hitler became the leader of this party. Hitler and his followers decided to make a brave attempt to conquer the leaders in Munich. This attempt was abruptly put to a halt and the party was jailed and charged with high treason (A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust).
During the trial Hitler used this opportunity to speak out to the people about the government. At the end of the trial he had gained support of the people. Most of the Nazi party got off with little or no jail time. Hitler did go to prison for a year and while in there wrote a book.This book was used as the platform of the belief system of the Nazi party. Hitler was released and decided to build up his party again. During this time a new president was elected, his name was Paul von Hindenburg. After this election German seemed to fall into order and alleviate.
This gave Hitler the right opportunity to bring together his party and determine the course of action that they would take next. The party saw Hitler as a person you would always give your life for no matter what. Whatever Hitler said the followers believed and followed his commands.There were no questions asked, the party just followed his commands. Hitler’s plan was to build his group big enough to be able to compete in the next elections (A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust 2005).
Hitler’s party grew to extreme number and caused great terror through the streets of Germany. The party would go through the street terrorizing Jews and causing turmoil with the police on the streets. The Nazi party also established the SS which had particular duties within the party and many other groups. They also developed their symbol, the swats taka. This represented the Nazis and what they stand for.These groups could all participate in Hitler’s plans for Germany. When election time came around the party did not do as well as hoped.
This caused the Nazi party to change tactics and devote more attention to the Jews. This tactic seemed to work, condemning all Jewish stores and Jewish agriculture properties, gained the party more followers. The German population was influenced by Hitler. The population started to hate Jews as well. People stopped shopping in their stores and started considering them as outcasts.
They were treated differently than the rest of the German citizens.In 1929, everything seemed to change when the worst enviable thing emerged, the Great Depression. The Great Depression is another antecedent of the rise of Nazism. This brought the whole world under great turmoil. The whole world faced social, economic, and psychological consequences (A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust 2005).
Germany’s greatest factor during the depression was the steady decline of jobs. Millions of people were homeless and jobless. This caused the population to face many difficult life conditions. This is also another antecedent.
Some of the Germany citizens were forced to leave there home and live on the streets. These citizens were without shelter and food to feed themselves and their children. The government became so argumentative over the decline in jobs that they began to disintegrate. The president decided to use his powers under the extreme circumstances. He created a new government; this government had a chancellor and cabinet members (A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust 2005). The new chancellor was Heinrich Bruning. Being chancellor gave you the power to adjust the government. On September 1930 new elections took place.
During the election the Nazi party won with 18. 3 % of the votes. The campaign in the 1930’s was unlike any others. Hitler himself traveled all over Germany giving his well known speeches (The History Place 1996). There was also many special printed speeches and written works printed in the Nazi newspapers. In Hitler’s speeches he gave the people of Germany exactly what they were hoping for, hope. The response he received for the Germans was phenomenal. Hitler gave the citizens hope that the unemployed would find work and there would be an end to all the despair (The History Place 1996).
All of this seemed to work to Hitler’s advantage. In 1932, Hindenburg’s presidency was over. Hindenburg decided to run again in the election and won even though Hitler was close in the race. Although Hindenburg was president, the German empire was still on a brink of an end (A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust 2005). Hitler and his followers were still causing chaos on a daily basis. The government was still under a deep depression with the lack of jobs. Hitler’s abilities as a leader were underestimated (A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust 2005).
In 1933, Hitler became Chancellor in Germany.He soon began the pursuit to take over new countries and their territories. In 1939, German decided to invade in on Poland, Britain, and France (A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust 2005).
This started the inevitable, WWII. This is when the concentration camps all came about and the true hatred for the Jews. The goal of Hitler was to do away will all the Jews. Many laws were passed that prohibited Jews from doing many things that used to come normal for them. The SA had helped Hitler rise to power and infuriated the German army. The power that they had was very frightening.Hitler and his followers acted out the prejudice behavior that they preached about in his speeches and marches. The listeners of his speeches would hear the antilocution.
This is negative language that the Germans would hear about the Jews. They would be told to avoid these kinds of people. They discriminated the Jews, by avoiding them and treating them as exiles. Then, the physical attack was brought upon the Jews.
They were beaten and killed. Hitler’s ultimate goal was to exterminate all Jews in Germany and the world. The Jews had no power over what was happening to them.They couldn’t hide or leave without being questioned or killed.
They had to with stand the prejudice behavior towards them. In 1934, President Hindenburg died leaving Hitler as president and chancellor (A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust 2005). Hindenburg left Hitler a letter on his death bed telling him he wanted German to go back to a constitutional monarchy (The History Place 1996). His last wish was not followed through. The first thing Hitler made public officials and soldiers swear an oath of loyalty (The History Place 1996). Theses oaths were made to Hitler not to Germany.The followers were making an oath to follow and never question what he asks.
In 1935, Hitler passed laws that all Jews were no longer German citizens and stripped of their rights (A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust 2005). In 1936, the Olympics were held in Berlin. The Nazis were very excited for this great opportunity in their country. Hitler did not let Jews participate in the Olympics whom once had.
When the United States came over they brought with them a true champion, Jesse Owens. When Jesse Owens, an African American, was a winner of the Olympics; Hitler was livid. In 1939, Hitler invaded Poland starting the WWI.
Not too long later Britain and France decided to help Poland and declare war on Germany (A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust 2005). It only took a few weeks for Poland to realize that they were defeated. After this defeat Hitler moved Jews to Poland in concentration camps. These concentration camps were the place the Jews were sent to be killed. This is the same time that euthanasia was being used on the Jews. Euthanasia was a widespread mercy killing of the Jews, sick and elderly. The code name for Euthanasia was action T 4; this was code for life unworthy of life (The History Place 1996).
At first it started with new born babies that showed signs of being mentally retarded or handicapped. Soon the euthanasia spread to the older children and adults. Doctors decided the fate of all the injured and mentally ill patients by answering a questioner (The History Place 1996). The doctors would make this decision without even seeing a patient. Drugs and starvation was also used if euthanasia could not be used (The History Place 1996). A Catholic Bishop gave a sermon about the gas chambers and how wrong they were.
The Bishop thought that the euthanasia was an act of committing murder.The Nazi party was stunned by this sermon that spread through the land. To make a point Hitler had three priests that was spreading his sermon beheaded (The History Place 1996). Gas chambers were being used to kill hundreds of Jews, sick and elderly too. The Germans would tell them they were getting showers, but in fact they were killing them with poisonous gas.
Some did not know why or where they were being shipped. Families were split a part and most never saw each other again. Hitler despised Jews and did not want any in his country.
The Nazis killed a roughly 2. million Jews in camps (A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust 2005). November 23, 1939 an ordinance was passed that all Jews ten years of age and older were summoned to wear the Star of David (A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust 2005). Hitler’s power had great psychological powers over his followers.
Hitler’s speeches were intoxicating. They zeroed in on whom to hate, the Jews. Hitler always shaped the dynamics in any situation. He had a way of getting the full attention of everyone and almost seducing them.
He always made his follower feel as if they were involved.He had hate marches, parades, and book burnings. The followers would feel like they were making a difference and making themselves a better country. His followers were blind followers. They did not know what Hitler was doing, but they believed everything that he told them. If anyone were to question his authority or get suspicious; Hitler would make a change.
He would raise and lower different people to ensure his power was not questioned. His followers were always supposed to be the best Nazis. Hitler was the absolute ruler and pour-fuhrer.
Hitler’s law was portrayed as legal and moral.There were many effects from Hitler’s many demands on his followers. They had to give up complete obedience to him and his army.
They did not have a say, they were either followers or traders. They also had to face the diminution of self. The Germans had to give up the identity of self and become a Nazi. Germans were forced to make difficult decisions during Hitler’s reign.
They had to act in ways that may not have been their moral beliefs or be punished by authority. His followers could no longer act on their own will. They could not make decisions; Hitler had already made the decisions for you.Hitler was the ultimate ruler and he had complete control over all of Germany. Hitler invaded Russia on June 22, 1941.
This was Hitler’s betrayal to the nonaggression Pact. This started a very deadly invasion with Hitler to blame. He had promised to abide by the pact, but decided to not keep his word.Works Cited Florida Center. (2005). A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust.
Retrieved, June 13, 2008, from website; http://fcit. coedu. usf. edu/holocaust/ The History Place. (1996), The Rise of Adolf Hitler, Retrieved, June 13, 2008 from website; http://www.
historyplace. com/worldwar2/riseofhitler/elect. htm