US economic and military aid to South Viet Nam grew through the 1960s in an attempt to bolster the government, but US armed forces were withdrawn following a cease-fire agreement in 1973. Two years later, North Vietnamese forces overran the South reuniting the country under Communist rule. Despite the return of peace, for over a decade the country experienced little economic growth because of conservative leadership policies, the persecution and mass exodus of individuals – many of them successful South Vietnamese merchants – and growing international isolation.
However, since the enactment of Viet Nam’s “doi moi” (renovation) policy in 1986, Vietnamese authorities have committed to increased economic liberalization and enacted structural reforms needed to modernize the economy and to produce more competitive, export-driven industries. The country continues to experience small-scale protests from various groups, the vast majority connected to land-use issues and the lack of equitable mechanisms for resolving disputes. Various ethnic minorities, such as the Montagnards of the Central Highlands and the Khmer Krom in the southern delta region, have also held protests.
Economy Overview Viet Nam is a densely-populated developing country that in the last 30 years has had to recover from the ravages of war, the loss of financial support from the old Soviet Bloc, and the rigidities of a centrally-planned economy. Since 2001, Vietnamese authorities have reaffirmed their commitment to economic liberalization and international integration. They have moved to implement the structural reforms needed to modernize the economy and to produce more competitive export-driven industries.
Viet Nam’s membership in the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) and entry into force of the US-Viet Nam Bilateral Trade Agreement in December 2001 have led to even more rapid changes in Viet Nam’s trade and economic regime. Viet Nam’s exports to the US increased 900% from 2001 to 2007. Viet Nam joined the WTO in January 2007 following over a decade long negotiation process. WTO membership has provided Viet Nam an anchor to the global market and reinforced the domestic economic reform process.
Among other benefits, accession allows Viet Nam to take advantage of the phase-out of the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing, which eliminated quotas on textiles and clothing for WTO st partners on 1 January 2005. Agriculture’s share of economic output has continued to shrink from about 25% in 2000 to less than 20% in 2008. Deep poverty has declined significantly and is now smaller than that of China, India, and the Philippines. Viet Nam is working to create jobs to meet the challenge of a labor force that is growing by more than one-and-a-half million people every year.
The global financial crisis, however, will constrain Viet Nam’s ability to create jobs and further reduce poverty. As global growth sharply drops in 2009, Viet Nam’s export-oriented economy – exports were 68% of GDP in 2007 – will suffer from lower exports, higher unemployment and corporate bankruptcies, and decreased foreign investment. 3/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 1. 1. 1. Basic Facts Basic Facts Capital Languages Ethnic Groups (1999 Census) Religions (1999 Census) Country Size (comparison) Population Density (map)
Source: CIA – The World Fact Book 2009 Ha Noi (Ha Noi) Geographic Coordinates: N 21° 02’, E 105° 51 Vietnamese (official) English (increasingly favored as a second language) French Chinese Khmer Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian (Mountain area languages) 86. 2% Kinh (Viet) 1. 9% Tay 1. 7% Thai 1. 5% Muong 1. 4% Khome 1. 1% Hoa 1. 1% Nun 1. 0% Hmong 4. 1% Others 80. 8% None 9. 3% Buddhist 6. 7% Catholic 1. 5% Hoa Hao 1. 1% Cao Dai 0. 5% Protestant 0. 1% Muslim Country comparison: Between Germany and Norway (Ranking 65) Country comparison to the world: Between Mexico and Ethiopia (Ranking 13) Source Map: www. eliefweb. int Population Density within and outside a 10m Low Elevation Costal Zone: 4/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 Basic Facts Border Countries Source: CIA – The World Fact Book 2009 Total Borderline: 4,639 km Coastline: 3,444 km (excludes islands) Cambodia 1,228 km China 1,281 km Laos 2,130 km Territorial Sea: 12 nm Contiguous Zone: 24 nm Exclusive Economic Zone: 200 nm Continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin Commodities: Crude Oil, Marine Products, Rice, Coffee, Rubber, Tea, Garments, Shoes Total Exports: $62. 9 billion (2008 est. ) Exports Partners: US 18. 9%, Japan 13. 6%, China 7. 2%, Australia 6. 7%, Singapore 4. 2% – Country comparison to the world: 51 Commodities: Machinery ; Equipment, Petroleum Products, Fertilizer, Steel Products, Raw Cotton, Grain, Cement, Motorcycles Exports Imports Total Imports: $75. 47 billion (2008 est. ) Imports Partners: China 19. 4%, Singapore 11. 6%, South Korea 8. 8%, Thailand 6. 1% (2008) – Country comparison to the World: 43 Paddy rice, coffee, rubber, cotton, tea, pepper, soybeans, cashews, sugar cane, peanuts, bananas; poultry; fish, seafood
Agricultural Products 1. 1. 2. Country in Figures General Information Country Size Population Population Growth Rate GDP per capita Population under poverty line (%) HIV Prevalence (%) Time Zone (GMT +/-) Climate Description Currency Telephone dialing code Driving Source: CIA – The World Fact Book 2009 Total surface: 331,210 sq km Land surface: 310,070 sq km Water surface: 21,140 sq km 86,967,524 (July 2009 est. ) 0. 98% (2009 est. ) Country comparison to the world: 128 US $2,800 (2008 est. ) Country comparison to the world: 168 14. 8% (2007 est. 0. 5% (2007 est. ) Country comparison to the world: 73 UTC+7 Tropical in the south; monsoonal in the north with a hot rainy season (May to September) and a warm dry season (October to March) Dong (VND) + 84 Right Requirement for Viet Nam visa is varied from embassy to embassy. Hereafter Viet Nam visa requirements if you using online visa services. 1. Send your visa request by applying online at www. visatoViet Nam. org then the services will arrange a pre-approved letter for the delivery of a Viet Nam visa on arrival at the airport.
Within 12 business hours after receiving final confirmation on payment, services will send the pre-approved letter with code for Viet Nam visa. 2. Using the pre-approved letter with the code sent by the services and 2 photos size 2in x 2in or 5. 08cm x 5. 08cm for pick up visa stamped on the passport. 3. The passport validity must exceed 1 month based on the specific visa, for example, the passport must valid at least 2 months if the required visa is for 1 month, or the passport must be valid at least 4 5/70 Visa requirements and cost LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 5 months if the required visa is for 3 month. 4. The service fee is US $ 20 and has to be paid for in advance, 5. The stamp fee will be paid at the airport or at check-in point or at embassy. Stamp fee tarif as following : – Viet Nam stamp fee for single entry visa of 1, 3 or 6 months : US$25 – Viet Nam stamp fee for multiple entries visa of 1, 3 or 6 months : US$50 – Viet Nam stamp fee for 1 year multiple entries visa : US$100 Source: www. visatoViet Nam. org Money Parity and Inflation Year 2009 (Nov 2009) 2008 2007 2006 2005 2. 2. Source: CIA – The World Fact Book ; www.
Viet Namtravel. org Exchange Rate: US$ = Dong (VND) Rate of Inflation 17,690 24. 4% 16,548 8. 3% 16,119 7. 5% 15,983 8. 3% 15,746 9. 5% Humanitarian Background 2. 2. 1. Disasters, Conflicts ; Migration History Sources: Viet Nam Country Risk Profile Report 2009 – World Bank UN Natural Disasters ; Emergencies Programme Coordination Group (PCG 10) Overview Because of its topography, Viet Nam is susceptible to typhoons, floods, droughts, sea water intrusion, landslides, forest fires and occasional earthquakes of which typhoons and floods are the most frequent and most devastating hazards.
The storm season lasts from May to December with storms hitting the northern part of the country in May through June and moving gradually south from July to December. Given the massive concentration of its population along the coastline and in the low lying deltas, disasters cause a high loss of life and damaged livelihoods. The encroachment of economic activity and development into marginally suitable areas such as floodplains, costal swamps, drainage channels or other natural buffers only adds to the vulnerability of the population.
Disasters, Conflicts ; Migration Natural Disasters Drought Yes Earthquake Yes Frequency ; Comments Medium Low/Medium – According to the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Viet Nam has approximately 30 earthquakeprone areas Medium – Outbreaks of known communicable diseases continue to occur regularly in Viet Nam and the region. Of particular concern is planning and preparedness for an influenza pandemic, a rare but recurrent event Low – Cold spells affect Northern Viet Nam High -. More than one million people are affected by annual flooding in Viet Nam Epidemic Extreme Temperature Flood
Yes Yes Yes 6/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 Insect Infestation Yes n/a Slides Volcano’s Wave/Surge Wild Fires Wind Storm / Typhoons Man Made Civil Strife International Conflict Displaced in Country Refugees in Country Yes No Yes Yes Yes High – Landslides are a common type of disaster in Viet Nam, consisting of river bank erosion, coastline erosion, and landslides on mountain slopes, etc. n/a Low – Though a tsunami has not yet happened in Viet Nam, many coastal areas of Viet Nam may be affected by a tsunami due to the earthquake potential that exists in some neighboring countries.
Medium High – The storm season lasts from May to December The frequency and intensity of tropical cyclones originating in the Pacific have increased over the last few decades and pose as one of the major disasters affecting Viet Nam No No No No Nearly a half million people had settled in the West before the 1987 Comprehensive Plan of Action ended in 1996. 110,000 Vietnamese who risked pirates and drowning on the high seas in an attempt to gain asylum in the West were rejected and sent home, some after languishing for years in refugee camps around the region.
The majority have successfully reintegrated, allowing UNHCR in late 1998 to significantly reduce 25 years of activity in the Southeast Asian nation. Source: UNHCR Refugee Magazine 1999 In 2003, 166 casualties reported, down from 237 in 2001, however, estimates include 1,110 people killed and 1,882 injured every year on average Source: Handicap International Belgium 2003 Refugees from country Yes Landmines year Casualties / Yes *: www. em-dat. net/disasters/countryprofiles. php Centre for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters, Belgium /70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 2. 2. 2. Calamities and Seasonal Affects Seasonal Affects on Transport Transport Primary Road Transport Secondary Road Transport Rail Transport Air Transport Waterways Transport Comments Landslides, congestion Landslides, congestion Landslides, congestion From May to December May to December May to December Seasonal Affects on Storage and Handling Activity Storage Handling Other 2. 2. 3. Comments Shortage No affect From May to December May to December
Capacities to Respond to Emergencies Government The Government of Viet Nam holds primary responsibility for providing humanitarian assistance to people in need. The United Nations Natural Disasters and Emergencies Program Coordination Group ( PCG 10) serves as a forum for UN agencies, including FAO, UNDP, UNICEF, UNFPA, UNIFEM, UN HABITAT, WHO, IOM and WB. The objective of this Preparedness Plan is to ensure coordination of UN assistance to the Government of Viet Nam (GoV) in respect to disaster risk reduction, disaster preparedness, mitigation, relief/ rescue, rehabilitation and reconstruction.
The National Disaster Mitigation Partnership is the Government of Viet Nam’s counterpart to the PCG 10. The PCG 10 is expected to maintain close coordination with their Government counterparts, the National Cluster Leads. On the 5 ASEAN Regional Forum on Disaster Relief, (Dec 2005) the Vietnamese delegate stressed on the necessity inter-agency coordination, especially between the military and civilian agencies.
Illustrating the government response measures and capacities in providing humanitarian assistance, the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC) reports on the operations (IFRC DREF Final operations report, 8 July 2009) following the Typhoon Hagupit: “Following the weakening of Typhoon Hagupit from a full-fledged typhoon into a tropical depression, heavy rains caused flash floods and landslides in 11 northern provinces of Viet Nam on 26-28 September 2008.
Of these, the provinces of Bac Giang, Lang Son, Quang Ninh and Son La suffered the worst results. Flooding was severe in many areas, particularly in the Bac Giang province where up to 62 communes and towns in three districts were submerged. In Quang Ninh province, as many as 70 communes in six districts were under deep water… (…). Response from the central government in the wake of the disaster was mainly through the mobilization of army troops to evacuate affected people to safer and higher places such as cement buildings.
After the immediate emergency, the government also worked through the health sector to provide Chloramine B to purify water, or support in cash of VND 2 million (USD 115) per family who lost family members in the disaster. Local governments in their respective provinces immediately reacted during the emergency by providing instant noodles and water to those affected. Later assistance was mainly from local donors such as entrepreneurs, religious groups or organizations in the form of cash, instant noodles, rice or cloth, but in limited quantities. ” th 2. . 3. 1. 8/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 Ministry Address Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) 2 Ngoc Ha Street, Ba Dinh, Ha Noi , Viet Nam Disaster Management Center, 2 Ngoc Ha Street, Ha Noi, Viet Nam 2. 2. 3. 2. Name ; Address Contact Details Tel: +84 4 823 5804 Fax: +84 4 823 0381 ICARD: Tel: +84 4 733 2160 +84 4 823 5804 Fax: +84 4 823 0381 Web: www. agroviet. gov. vn Tel: +84 4 3733 5805 Email: [email protected] gov. vn [email protected] gov. vn Mr. Dang Quang Minh – Director Email: dqminh. [email protected]l. com
Humanitarian Community Contact Details Tel: +84 4 3942 1495 Fax: +84 4 3942 2267 Contact Details Tel: Fax: Email: Tel: +84 4 3942 4208 Fax: +84 4 3942 3257 Web: www. fao. org. vn Tel: +84 4 826 3703 +84 4 942 8926 Fax: +84 4 942 4285 +84 4 826 3703 Web: www. redcross. org. vn Email: [email protected] org. vn Phone: +84 4 762 8422 Fax: +84 4 762 8423 Email: [email protected] org. vn Web: www. cecivietnam. org Tel: +84 4 3 573 5050 Ext 230 Fax: +84 4 3 573 6060 Web: www. savethechildren. net/vietnam Tel: +84 4 3945 4362 Ext 121 Mob: +84 913 520 770 Fax: +84 4 3945 4365 Tel: +84 4 942 5706 Fax: +84 4 942 5705 Email: Ha Noi. [email protected] org Web: www. unicef. org Tel: +84 4 6251 0448 Fax: +84 4 6251 0576 Email: [email protected] com Web: www. samaritanspurse. org Humanitarian Coordination Name ; Address Contact John Hendra – UNDP Resident Coordinator 25-29 Phan Boi Chau, Ha Noi, Viet Nam Coordination Mechanisms, Committees ; Groups Name ; Address Contact OCHA FAO 3 Nguyen Gia Thieu Street, P. O. Box 63, Ha Noi, Viet Nam VRC 82, Nguyen Du Street, Ha Noi, Viet Nam CESI Block P, La Thanh Hotel, 218 Doi Can Street P. O.
Box 233, Ha Noi, Viet Nam Save the Children Building E3, Trung Tu Diplomatic Compound, 6 Dang Van Ngu Street, Ha Noi, Viet Nam Oxfam th 6 Floor, 22 Le Dai Hanh District Hai Ba Trung Ha Noi, Viet Nam UNICEF 81A Tran Quoc Toan, Hoan Kiem District Ha Noi , Viet Nam Samaritan’s Purse 24. T1 – Suite 2405 Hoang Dao Thuy St, Ha Noi, Viet Nam N/A Andrew Speedy FAO Representative andrew. [email protected] org Mr. Tran Ngoc Tang (Ph D) President Mr. Doan Van Thai (MA) V. President and Secretary Gen Arne Anderson Logistics Delegate, IFRC Phan Cong Tuan Country Representative Ngoc Anh Nguyen Ngoc Anh Admin Manager Email: [email protected] rg. v n Provash Mondal Humanitarian Programme Coordinator in Viet Nam Email: [email protected] org. uk Mr. Jesper Morch (Danish) UNICEF Representative Email: [email protected] org Mr. Jean Dupraz (French) Deputy Representative Email: [email protected] org Stephen G. Copple Country Director 9/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 2. 3. National Regulatory Departments Ministry Name ; Address Ministry of Finance 28 Tr n Hung D o, Ha N i, Viet Nam Summary of Role and Services Contact Names ; Email Minister: Vu Van Ninh V. Minister: Nguyen Cong Nghiep Email: [email protected] ov. vn Contact Details Tel: +84 4 220 2828 Fax: +84 4 220 8091 Web: www. mof. gov. vn The Ministry of Finance is a Government agency which has the function of implementing the State management in finance (including: State budget, tax, fees and other revenues of the State budget, national reserve, State financial funds, financial investment, corporate finance and financial services); customs; accounting; independent auditing; insurance; prices; securities; conducting the ownership rights to the State’s investment capital in enterprises according to regulations of the Law.
Pursuant to the Decree No 118/2008/ND-CP issued by the Government, the main tasks and duties of the Ministry of Finance are as follows: 1. Submit to the Government and Prime Minister for approval law and ordinance projects. Draft legal documents, strategy and development planning, long-term, five-year and annual plans on the fields within the Ministry’s authority. 2. Issue legal documents within the Ministry’s authority. 3.
Instruct, guide, supervise and to be in charge of implementing the legal documents, strategy, planning, plan; to set up the propaganda, disseminate, educate legal documents on the fields within the Ministry’s authority. 4. Manage the State budget. 5. Manage the collection of tax, fees and other revenues under the State budget. 6. Manage the budget fund, the State reserve fund another State financial funds. 7. Manage the national reserves. 8. Manage the State assets. 9. Manage corporate finances and the State capital at the enterprises. 10.
Manage the Government borrowings and debt servicing from domestic and abroad; and international grants. 11. Implement the State management in accounting and auditing. 12. Manage banks and non-banking financial institutions regarding issues; financial services. 13. Manage customs activities. 14. Implement the State management in prices. 15. Issue Govt bonds and participate in stock market management under the regulations of law. 16. Manage, supervise stock and stock market. 17. Organize and guide the implementation of statistics in the fields within the Ministry’s authority. 8. Undertake international cooperation and economic integration in the fields within the Ministry’s authority. 19. Organize and guide the implementation of scientific research, scientific and technology application in the field within the Ministry’s authority. 20. Decide specific orientations and measures and guide the operating mechanism of public services providing organizations in the fields within the Ministry’s authority in accordance with provisions of Laws; to manage and guide the implementation of activities of non-productive units within the Ministry’s authority. 1. Implement the State management to associations and non-Governmental organizations in the fields within the Ministry’s authority. 22. Inspect, control, settle complaints and denouncements, resist corruption, and be processed by authorized level or be submitted to the competent levels for settlement in accordance to the regulations of law applied for finance-budget management regime breaks and violations. 23. Conduct administrative reform under the Government program. 24.
Manage organizational structure, permanent staff; guide the implementation of the provisions on salary, bonuses, disciplines for the State officers within the Ministry’s authority; train and retrain staff in the whole sector. 25. Manage the assigned capital and assets and the distributed budget plan under the provisions of the Law. 10/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 Ministry Name ; Address Viet Nam Customs: No 162 – Nguyen Van Cu Street, Long Bien District, Ha Noi Capital, Viet Nam Summary of Role and Services 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. . 7. Contact Names ; Email Director General: Le Manh Hung Standing Deputy Director General: Nguyen Ngoc Tuc Email: [email protected] gov. vn Contact Details Tel: +84 4 872 7033 Fax: +84 4 872 5949 Web: www. customs. gov. vn Management over imports ; exports activities and international trade. Conditions to the trade and production development. Protection and contribution to the facilitation of development of national economy. Protection of revenues. Fighting against smuggling, combat commercial fraud, and protection of the interests of consumers.
Contributing to the protection of economic sovereignty, national security and community security. Assisting in socio-economic management. NB: The website contains the rules and regulations applied to the customs for importers Ministry Name ; Address Viet Nam Food Administration 138A Gian Vo, Ha Noi, Viet Nam Summary of Role and Services The Viet Nam Food Administration is responsible for managing food hygiene, safety, and quality and has made significant progression since its establishment in 1999.
Food safety remains a high priority in Viet Nam with growth of export markets and increasing food imports, there is a need to rapidly build the capacity of the food Administration to reduce the threats of food borne disease. The Food Administration has demonstrated commitment to the food safety challenges it faces, and has embarked on an innovative capacity building activity with technical assistance from the World Health Organization.
Recently, the Food Administration signaled its ongoing commitment to food safety via the signing of a Technical assistance agreement with the Asian Development Bank to undertake a capacity building project titled Capacity Building for the Prevention of Food borne Disease. Under this agreement, the Food Administration is working with a World Health Organization team on a series of activities that will develop its food safety program, promote food safety, and reduce the incidence of food borne diseases.
The agreement will also position the Food Administration as the national lead agency for food safety matters in Viet Nam. The Technical Assistance Agreement commenced in July 2001, and included the following specific components: 1. 2. 3. 4. Policy Review, Law Reform and Assistance for more Effective Law Enforcement Strengthening the National Food Safety Laboratory Network Implementation of Food borne Disease Surveillance System Establishment of a Centre for Information, Education, Communication and Training in Food Safety Contact Names ; Email Name: Title: Email: [email protected] ov. vn Contact Details Tel +84 4 2220 2222 Fax: +84 4 2220 2525 Web: www. moit. gov. vn Contact Names ; Email Director: Prof Dr Phan Thi Kim Email: [email protected] vnn. vn Contact Details Tel: +84 4 846 4489 Fax: +84 4 846 3739 Web: http://vfa. gov. vn Ministry Name ; Address Ministry of Industry and Trade 54 Hai Ba Trung, Hoan Kiem, Ha Noi, Viet Nam Summary of Role and Services 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
Grant of license for electricity operation Procedures for handling anti-subsidy investigation Procedures for investigation and settlements of anti-dumping Procedures to request for exemption for Agreements in Restraint of Competition of and Economic Concentration Procedures for economic centralization announcement Procedures for complaint, investigation, handling of competition cases Grant of Certificate of eligibility for bottling liquefied petroleum gas Grant of trading and using industrial explosives license 11/70
LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. Procedures for Digital signature authentication Procedures for grant of quotas for import (export) of production materials and industrial explosives Procedures for grant of permit for industrial explosives and Ammonium
Nitrate import and export Procedures for granting certificate of declaration of dangerous chemicals Procedures for grant of permit for industrial explosives and Ammonium Nitrate import and export Procedures for safeguard measures application investigation Grant of certificate of liquefied petroleum gas trading eligibility Grant of certificate of petrol and oil trading eligibility Grant of license for Goods Exchange Establishment Procedures for grant of license for export and import of petrol and oil Procedures for assigning minimum quotas for import petrol and oil Grant of tobacco trading license Grant of alcoholic beverage trading license Grant of license for Goods Exchange Establishment Grant of certificate of petrol and oil trading eligibility Grant of certificate of liquefied petroleum gas trading eligibility Grant of permit for import of zone layer depleting substances Permit for sugar, salt, tobacco raw material and poultry egg import under quotas Grant of permit for sport gun and cartridge import Grant of certificate of eligibility for free duty goods trading Grant of automatic import permit Grant of export permit for fertilizer originating from imported sources Grant of Certificate of Origin Approval for Plans on import, temporary import for re-export of supply, machinery and equipment of construction foreign contractors in Viet Nam Permit for import of cigars and cigarettes for duty-free goods trading Grant of Permit for temporary import for re-export, border-gate transfer of goods in the list of goods banned from import and suspended import, banned from export and suspended from export Grant of license for temporary import for re-export of safrole Grant of Cambodia’s timber import permit Grant of tobacco production license Grant of Certificate of eligibility for tobacco raw material processing Procedures for grant of Liquor production License Approval of foreign – invested enterprise’s plan of finished product import for marketing Ministry Name ; Address Ministry of Transport of Viet Nam 80 Tran Hung Dao St, Hoan Kiem Dist, Ha Noi, Viet Nam Summary of Role and Services Contact Names ; Email
Contact Details Tel: +84 4 3942 0863 Fax: +84 4 3942 0863 Web: www. mt. gov. vn To formulate and submit national master plan for transport development to the government. To give instructions to provinces, cities under the central management and specialized administrations to formulate local master plan for transport development in accordance with the national master plan to submit to the government for approval. To give instruction to specialized administrations to draft laws and by-laws (laws, ordinances), policies on transport management to submit to the government for approval or the Ministry of Transport will promulgate in accordance with its authorization.
To issue national standards and classify categories of seaports, river ports, road network, railways, inland waterway, and maritime channels in accordance with the laws and regulations; and to give instructions to specialized administrations to implement the above-mentioned standards. To submit to the government for approval or to approve works, transport construction projects, technical designs, and implementation methods, check ; hand-over of transport construction projects in accordance with the laws and regulations on infrastructure construction management. To supervise the approval of projects of specialized administrations within authorization of the administrations. To manage the quality of transport infrastructure construction works in accordance with the national standards. 12/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05
To give guideline and supervise the issuance, extension and withdrawal of certificates and licenses of construction, operation regarding traffic and protection of transport structures in accordance with the laws and regulations. To stipulate technical standards for imported or locally produced transport means, equipment and spare parts in accordance with technical specifications, economic condition and traffic safety of Viet Nam. To be responsible for supervision of the enforcement of laws, policies and the ministry’s regulations on state management of road, railway, inland waterway and maritime transport nation-wide. Ministry Name & Address Ministry of Science and Technology 39 Tran Hung Dao Street, Ha Noi, Viet Nam Summary of Role and Services:
Contact Names & Email Minister: Hoang Van Phong Deputy Minister: Le Dinh Tien Email: [email protected] gov. vn Contact Details Tel: +84 4 943 9731 Fax: +84 4 943 9733 Web: www. most. gov. vn The Ministry of Science and Technology is a governmental agency which performs the function of state management of science and technology, covering: • Scientific and technological activities • Development of scientific and technological potential • Intellectual property; standardization, measurement and quality control • Atomic energy, radiation and nuclear safety • State management of public services in accordance with law. Back to Top of Chapter or back to Table of Contents 13/70
LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 2. 4. Customs Information 2. 4. 1. Customs Clearance Customs Clearance Document Requirements Non Refundable AID Goods Un-refundable aid goods mean un-refundable amount under forms of money, assets from governments, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), foreign individuals and groups to Viet Nam in the support of developing Vietnamese society and economy or for humanitarian purposes that are implemented through political documents signed by two parties and approved by competent authority and under form of humanitarian aid, urgent relief in service of recovery of damages from wars or natural disasters 2. 4. 1. 1. •
Customs Procedures • • • • • • The approval of program or project or the permit of competent state body. Project or program documents, agreements, protocol, diplomatic notes or arrangements officially signed with foreign partners or aid announcement. Bill of Lading of goods imported Confirmation of un-refundable aid goods issued by External and Financial Department of Financial Ministry. Import contract or entrusted contract for importation of goods stating that goods have been imported through un-refundable ODA source. Based on customs dossier and actual goods, customs office that carries out customs procedures for importation shall issue decision on tax exemption for each case. References • • • • • 2. 4. 1. 2.
Decree No 54/CP dated August 28, 1993 of Government detailing the implementation of Law on export and import tax. Decree No 17/2001/ND-CP dated May 4, 2001 of Government promulgating regulations on managing and using official development assistance fund. Decision No 64/2001/TT/QD-TTg dated April 26, 2001 of Government promulgating regulations on managing and using non-governmental foreign aid Circular No 70/2001/TT/BTC dated August 24, 2001 of Ministry of Finance guiding regulations on management of state finance for un-refundable aid. Circular No 87/2004/TT-BTC dated August 31, 2004 of Ministry of Finance guiding the implementation of Law on import and export tax. Customs’ Declaration Procedures
When carrying out customs procedures for exporting and importing goods, the customs declarers must submit and present a customs dossier at the headquarters of Customs Sub-branch and be responsible for legality and lawfulness of customs dossiers and accurateness of declared contents on customs declaration form. Documents to be submitted and presented – The import goods declaration forms: 2 originals – The goods purchase and sale contract or papers of equivalent legal value: 1 duplicate – The commercial invoice: 1 original – The bill of lading: 1 duplicate Documents to be additionally submitted for the following cases – The packing list of goods (for lots of goods of many categories): 1 original& 1 duplicate 14/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 – –
The import goods declaration forms (for cases applied according to GATT): 2 originals The import permit of the competent State body (for goods on the list of goods banned from import or subject to conditional import): + Single importation: 1 original + Multiple importation: 1 duplicate, submit the original The certificate of origin (C/O) (for cases requiring the submission as prescribed): 1 original The entrusted import contract (if undertaking the entrusted import): 1 duplicate The written registration for goods quality inspection or inspection exemption notice issued by the State quality inspection agency (for import goods included in the list of those subject to state quality inspection): 1 original The written quarantine registrations issued by quarantine agencies (for import goods subject to quarantine): 1 original. When carrying out customs procedures for goods imported through seaports, the customs declarers must additionally submit the delivery order (D/O). Inspection of the goods’ actual conditions 2. 4. 1. 3.
Exemption from actual goods inspection • Conditions for goods owners to enjoy exemption from actual goods inspection: the goods owners have a record of two year’ importation, who have not been handled for customs-related violations or have been handled for customs-related violations within the sanctioning competence of the Heads of Customs Sub-Departments. The goods of the owners who meet the conditions for exemption from actual goods inspection: Equipment, machinery, fresh and raw foodstuffs, goods requiring special preservation; goods stored in bonded warehouses, goods stored in tax-suspension warehouses; imports to be taken into export processing zones, tax-suspension warehouses or other customs preferences zones; liquid and bulky goods and goods items whose volume, quality and categories must be determined on the basis of competent State bodies or expertise organizations; regularly imported goods; other goods stipulated by the Government.
Probability inspection of the actual conditions of goods of no more than 10% of goods lot • The subjects applied this probability inspection consists of: The goods owners and the goods of the owners not belonging to the subjects that meet conditions for exemption from actual goods inspections shall have to be inspected 10% of goods lot before carrying out customs procedures. Determination of the inspection rate: If the goods are packed in bales, the inspection rate shall be the rate of inspected bales. If the goods are packed in containers, the inspection rate shall be the rate of inspected containers or the rate of inspected bales in each container.
Inspection of the actual conditions of the whole export or import goods lots For the goods owners who have been more than three times handled for customs-related violations within two years as of the date of carrying out customs procedures for import activities, and one year, as of the date of carrying out customs procedures for export activities, with the level of each fine falling beyond the sanctioning competence of the Directors of Provincial, inter-provincial, and Municipal Departments. For the export or import goods lots showing signs of violation of the customs legislation. Conditions for goods customs clearance The declaration of the customs declarer or the results of the State inspection body or expertise organization, for goods exempt from actual inspection. The results of the actual goods inspection by the customs office, for goods subject to actual inspection.
The certificate of registration of State inspection of goods quality, which is issued by the expertise organization, or the notice on exemption from State inspection of goods quality, which is issued by a competent State management body, for imports goods subject to State inspection of goods quality. The expertise results, for goods requiring expertise. Export goods and import goods not subject to taxes collected by the customs offices, duty-free goods, processed goods, and other special goods shall enjoy customs clearance immediately after there is the customs office’s certification of the goods inspection results on the declaration forms. 15/70 • • • • • • • • • • LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 •
Export goods and import goods subject to goods cleared immediately after the customs declarers pay taxes. Goods enjoying grace days of tax payment cleared immediately on the tax notification of the Customs office. General Provisions for Customs’ Warehouses The bonded warehouses are warehouses or yards set up on the Vietnamese territory and separated from the surrounding areas for temporary storage and preservation of, or provision of a number of services for, the goods brought from abroad or from within the country and put into the warehouse under bonded warehouse lease contracts signed between the bonded warehouse owners and the goods owners.
Bonded warehouses may be set in the following areas: The provinces and centrally-run cities which act as goods exchange hubs between Viet Nam and foreign countries have favorable conditions for the transportation or export and import goods. Industrial parks, high-tech parks, export processing zones, other special economic zones (hereinafter referred to as industrial parks). Bonded warehouses, goods and transport means which enter or leave, or are stored and preserved in bonded warehouses must go through customs procedures and subject to the inspection and supervision by the customs offices. Focal Point Information Ministry of Finance Le Manh Hung Director General 162 Nguyen Van Cu Street, Long Bien District, Ha Noi, Viet Nam +84 4 872 7033 +84 4 872 5949 [email protected] gov. vn www. customs. gov. vn English 2. 4. 1. 4. • • • • 2. 4. 2.
Customs Authority Focal Point Governmental Body Name Title Address Telephone Number Fax Number Email Web Language of correspondence Back to Top of Chapter or back to Table of Contents 16/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 3. 3. 1. Logistics Infrastructure Port Assessment Vietnam has a 3,200km long coastline with a total of 114 seaports, 14 of which are relatively large and named as the keys to economic development. However, most ports are relatively small with obsolete facilities and poor supporting services. The three largest ports of Vietnam are Saigon Port (south), Hai Phong Port (north), and Da Nang Port (central) Compare them to some major seaports of Thailand and Malaysia (see graph 1 below).
When juxtaposed with them, the three main ports of Vietnam seem diminutive in terms of maximum vessel size allowed and storage capacity in despite the roughly similar size of berth lengths (the figures are for container terminals only; for Thailand, it is 1. 2m DWT for maximum vessel size and 4m TEUs storage capacity). 3. 1. 1. 3. 1. 1. 1. Port of Hai Phong Overview The Port of Hai Phong has the highest cargo through-put among the ports in the north of Viet Nam. The Port is equipped with modern facilities and safe operating practices to accommodate all international modes of transport and trade. Estimated cargo through-put in the period 2001 – 2003 was 8. 5 to 12 million tons per year.
The improvement project at Chua Ve Container Terminal makes the port the biggest and most modern container terminal in the north of Viet Nam with through-put capacity of 500,000 TEU’s per year. Port Location & Contacts Country Province and District Town or City (Closest) Port Name Latitude & Longitude Company / Port Authority Management Contacts Email Website Viet Nam Hai Phong Hai Phong Port of Hai Phong N 20° 52′ 2″ – E 106° 40′ 48″ Viet Nam National Shipping Lines 8A Tran Phu Street, Hai Phong City, Viet Nam Tel: +84 3 185 9824 – Fax: +84 3 185 9973 Hai [email protected] vnn. vn www. Hai Phongport. com. vn 17/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 3. 1. 1. 2. Port of Hai Phong Performance
Performance for 2009 Vessels calls Container traffic (TEU’s) 790,000 TEU’s Total cargo handling (mt) 13,800,000 mt Total annual capacity of the port It is possible to move freight quickly and efficiently from Hai Phong Port to other world-wide seaports by sea or domestic transport to major economic zones of Viet Nam and the southern provinces of China by road, rail or inland waterway 3. 1. 1. 3. Tug Services – Port of Hai Phong 8x tug boats ranging in power from 510 – 3,200 HP Mooring Services – Port of Hai Phong 6x mooring buoys ; 9x anchorage points Cargo Handling Equipment – Port of Hai Phong Quantity 10 2 6 12 62 4 Capacity 25 – 70 mt 10 – 85 mt 35. 6 metres 35. 6 metres 3 – 45 mt 80 mt 3. 1. 1. 4. 3. 1. 1. 5. Port Cargo Equipment Appliance Cranes – Travelling Cranes – Floating Cranes – Gantry Container Cranes – Rubber Tired Gantry Forklift Trucks Electronic Weighbridge Tractors Fire Engines 18/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 3. 1. 1. 6.
Container Facilities – Port of Hai Phong 20ft (TEU’s) Yes Yes 2 Yes 40ft (FEU’s) Yes Yes Container Facilities Container Facilities Daily off-take capacity No of containers/day Container Freight Stations (CFS) Number of CFS Capacity of CFS No of containers/day Refrigerated Container Stations Number of Stations (connection points) 3. 1. 1. 7. Clearing Agents – Port of Hai Phong Yes Company Name ; Address Phuc Nguyen Export Import ; Investment Company Logistics ; Freight Forwarders Name: Email: Contact Names Contact Details Tel: +84 8 6264 8102 +84 8 6264 8104 +84 8 6264 8105 Fax: +84 8 6264 8103 Web: www. pexim. vn Tel: +84 31 384 2509 Fax: +84 31 384 2458 Web: www. benlinesagencies. om Project Logistics, Project Logistics, Port Agency Services – Owners, Operators and Charterers Tel: +84 31 368 6665 Hai Phong Shipping ; Trading Name: +84 31 263 6858 Co Email: Fax: +84 31 368 6664 Web: www. shiptraco. com. vn Warehousing ; Logistics Ben Lines Agencies Hai Phong Name: Pham Trung Thanh Email: hph. [email protected] com. vn 3. 1. 1. 8. Security – Port of Hai Phong Yes 2 2=Heightened Security ISPS Compliant ISPS Level (current) 1 1=Normal 3 3=Exceptional 19/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 3. 1. 2. Port of Da Nang Overview Da Nang Port lies at the south end of a bay off the South China Sea in east-central Viet Nam 622 kms north-northeast of Saigon Port in Ho Chi Min City.
Da Nang Port has an excellent harbor enclosed to the east by Tien Sa Peninsula and Cape Da Nang. Located hear the Da Nang International Airport and the national railroad station, Da Nang Port has easy access to the nation’s transportation networks and the hinterland. In 2008, about 900,000 people lived at Da Nang, one of the country’s biggest cities. In addition to being one of the country’s major container ports, Da Nang Port is an industrial city with a fast-growing economy. The major products produced in the 4,900 factories at Da Nang are seafood, furniture, household goods, and clothing. Tourism is also important to the local economy. 3. 1. 2. 1.
Port Location & Contacts Country Province and District Town or City (Closest) Port Name Latitude & Latitude Company / Port Authority Telephone Fax Email Website Viet Nam Da Nang Da Nang Da Nang Port N 16° 17’ 33” – E 180° 20’ 30” Viet Nam National Shipping Lines 26 Bach Dang Street, Da Nang, Viet Nam +84 51 182 1114 +84 51 182 2565 Email: [email protected] vnn. vn Website: www. Da Nangportvn. com 3. 1. 2. 2. Port of Da Nang Performance In 2008, Da Nang Port handled a total of 2. 7 million tons of cargo, including 1. 2 million tons of exports, 525. 9 thousand tons of imports, and 985. 6 thousand tons of domestic cargo. Cargoes included 61. 9 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo. Da Nang Port also served 29. thousand passengers in 2008, a significant increase over prior years. Performance for 2009 Vessels calls Container traffic (TEU’s) Total cargo handling (metric tonnes) Total annual capacity of the port 3. 1. 2. 3. 61,900 2. 7 million Tug Services – Port of Da Nang Numbers and capacity of tugboats applied in accordance with VINAMARINE ‘s regulations Tug assistance charges applied for different type of tugboat when entering, leaving quay or buoy. Time of tug service shall be counted from the time the tug leaves the starting position in the port area to take vessel to the place of handling until it returns the starting position or being engaged in another service.
Minimum time to count tug service: per hour per operation General Director shall base on market charge and actual situation to adjust more or less 10% from unit price at point above adjusted cases decided by General Director In the event that the port does not have a tug boat and has to supply same from another place: expenses in motivating tug boat shall be determined on the basis of agreement between the tug owner, charterer and the port. 20/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 3. 1. 2. 4. Berthing Equipment Specifications – Port of Da Nang Wharf: Shore Side Da Nang Berthing Data: Shore Side Wharf Berth #1 Berth #2 185m 185m Berth #3 185m Berth #4 185m Berth #5 225m Draft 12m (chart datum) Size of ship < 45,000DWT and RO-RO ships, container ships 2,000 TEU’s and big and medium sized Passenger ships Through put: over 4. million tons per year Along with the breaker water of 450 m long facilitates ship berthing all year round from high waves and monsoon. Song Han Terminal Da Nang Berthing Data: Song Han Terminal Berth #1 Berth #2 140m 100m Draft: Accommodation size: Throughput: 3. 1. 2. 5. -0. 7m ???? 5,000 DWT over 1million per year Berth #3 100m Berth #4 90m Port Cargo Handling Equipment – Port of Da Nang Quantity 2 23 2 2 2 3 32 2 7 28 Capacity 10 – 80 mt Port Cargo Equipment Appliance Crane – Liebherr Crane – Mobile Crane – Quay Gantry Crane – RTG Clamp Loader Electronic Weighbridges Forklift Trucks Reach Stacker Tug Boats Tractors 3. 1. 2. 6. 1. 5 – 22 mt 305 – 1,700 HP Container Facilities – Port of Da Nang Container Facilities 20ft (TEU’s) Yes Yes 40ft (FEU’s) Yes Yes
Container facilities Daily off-take capacity No of containers/day Container Freight Stations (CFS) Number of CFS Capacity of CFS No of containers/day Refrigerated Container Stations Number of Stations (connection points) 3. 1. 2. 7. Clearing Agents – Port of Da Nang Yes Yes Company Name & Address Viet Long Shipping Corporation Gemadept Corparation Da Nang Branch Contact Names Email: [email protected] vnn. vn Email: [email protected] vnn. vn Contact Details Tel: +84 51 1381 9989 Fax: +84 51 1389 5589 Tel: +84 51 1389 2208 Fax: +84 51 1383 2172 21/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 Vietfratch Da Nang Co Email: [email protected] com. vn Tel1: +84 51 1382 3538 Fax: +84 51 1389 7406 3. 1. 2. 8. Storage Facilities – Port of Da Nang Area of Yards 183,722 m? Total Area 299,256 m?
Port of Da Nang – Years & Warehouses Area of Warehouses 29,204 m? 3. 1. 2. 9. Security – Port of Da Nang Security ISPS Compliant ISPS Level (current) 1 1=Normal Yes 2 2=Heightened 3 3=Exceptional 3. 1. 3. Port of Ho Chi Minh City, Saigon Port of HCMC Overview 3. 1. 3. 1. The Port of Ho Chi Minh City lies on the Song Sai Gon (Saigon) River about 5 km north-northeast of Saigon Port and about 85 kilometers north of the Mekong River Delta where the river flows into the South China Sea. The Port of Ho Chi Minh City reflects the influence of the French after a century of colonial rule and the United States after almost two decades of war. In 2004, more than 3. million people lived at the Port of Ho Chi Minh City. For more information on Ho Chi Minh City, please refer to the Saigon Port link. In 18 years of operation, Saigon Newport Holding Company has developed terminals and operations in the Port of Ho Chi Minh City (or Saigon Newport) The container traffic through the Port of Ho Chi Minh City accounts for over 65% of Ho Chi Minh City’s market share and more than 40% of that for the country. Port Location ; Contacts Country Province and District Town or City (Closest) Port Name Latitude Longitude Company / Port Authority Management Telephone ; Fax Email Website 3. 1. 3. 2. Port Performance 2,168 +2,000,000
Viet Nam Ho Chi Minh Ho Chi Minh City Port of Ho Chi Minh City (Local Name: Saigon New Port) N 10° 47′ 38″ E 106° 43′ 29″ Saigon Newport Company End of Dien Bien Phu Street, Ward 22, Binh Thanh District Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam Phone: +84 8 899 9034 & Fax: +84 8 899 4388 [email protected] vnn. vn www. vpa. org. vn/english/members/south/saigonnew. htm Performance for 2008 Vessels calls Container traffic (TEU’s) Total cargo handling (metric tonnes) Total annual capacity of the port 22/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 3. 1. 3. 3. Tan Cang – Cai Mep Terminal Introduction Tan Cang – Cai Mep International Container Terminal: is a deep water port built at Cai Mep, Ba Ria Vung Tau, 5km away from Cai Mep – Thi Vai confluence Is 33 km from the Vung Tau pilot station.
Tan Cang – Cai Mep located in Tan Phuoc Commune – Tan Thanh District – Ba Ria- Vung Tau Province. Channel In the channel the distance from the buoy #6 to buoy #8 is 2,800m. The lowest tide is 8. 8m. Due to dredging the port can now receive vessels with its maximum 12. 2m draft at berth. Roads to the Port The road with length of 8. 5 km connecting CaiMep port group with the Highway 51 which under management of PMU 85 has been carried out 80% of clearing the ground. In the awaiting time, PMU 85 has built a temporary road with 4 km in length and 9 km wide connecting Highway 51 with Tan Cang Port for port operations Capacity The port can receive vessels of up to 80,000 tonnes (approximate 6. 00 TEU’s) With a maximum capacity of 600,000 TEU’s per year. Berths Beginning day of berth construction: Completion day: Equipment Installation day: Expected Operation day: Estimation productivity: For vessels with LOA of 300m January 9 2007 August 31st 2008 Since November 2008 st 1 Quarter 2009 30 moves * 3 post – panamax gantry cranes th Site Map Tan Cang – Cai Mep 3. 1. 3. 4. Tan Cang Terminal Tan Cang Terminal is 1 km from the centre of Ho Chi Minh City, 11 km and 16 km from Cat Lai terminal by land and waterways respectively. Tan Cang is seen as a strong backup for the growth of Cat Lai Port. It is now one of the biggest ICD in Ho Chi Minh City and has a surface area of more than 720,000 m?.
It benefits from a complete infrastructure with modern handling equipment: • 200,800 m? of container yards • 24,050 m? of standard warehouses • 704 m berth equipped with 4 fixed quayside cranes for containers transported from Cat Lai to Tan Cang by barge. Port Details Location Pilotage Distance Water depth at berth Highest high water Lowest low water Air draft Weather (2 seasons) Time Zone N 10° 45’25” E 106° 47’ 40” Compulsory, the pilot station at Vung Tau and Ho Chi Minh City 52 nm from Vung Tau pilot station to Tan Cang Terminal 11 m 3. 6 m 0. 8 m 10 m Dry: Nov – Apr & Rainy: May – Oct GMT +7 23/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 3. 1. 3. 5. Tan Cang – Cat Lai Terminal
Introduction Tan Cang – Cat Lai Port is the biggest and most modern container port in Viet Nam Cat Lai Port is linked to the National Highway #1, the Inner and Outer Belt Highways, HCM – Long Thanh – Dau Giay Highway via the Inter-province Highway 25 which allows vehicles with loading capacity of up to 30 tons. Through these highways, goods are trucked from Cat Lai Port to the economic areas of Binh Duong, Dong Nai, Long An, Ba Ria – Vung Tau and provinces of Cuu Long Delta quickly and conveniently. The terminal has a total surface area of more than 800,000 m? Port Details A total of 7 berths with a length of 1,189 m equipped with 15 Panamax Quayside Cranes.
Equipped with 2 Quayside Mobile Gantry cranes with a 40 mt lift and outreach of 35m Installation of two Fixed Quayside Cranes were installed in 2009 Installation of 7 MIjack Rail Mounted gantry cranes. th The 7 berth can accommodate geared ships and ships without gear. th 2010: an 8 berth is planned making the total berth length to 1,462m and will equipped with 20 Panamax Quayside Cranes Being capable of simultaneously receiving six vessels with capacity of 2,000 TEU’s each. Berth productivity : 40 moves / hour / vessel The terminal handles more than 170 vessels per month with an average throughput of 160,000 TEU’s. Modern IT terminal operation and management system. Current capacity: 2. 5 million TEU’s annually Port Details Location Pilotage Distance Water depth at berth Highest high water Lowest ow water Air draft Night time navigation limitation Weather (2 seasons) Time Zone N 10° 45’25” E 106° 47’ 40” Compulsory, the pilot station at Vung Tau and Ho Chi Minh City 43 nm from Vung Tau pilot station to Tan Cang Terminal 12 m 3. 6 m 0. 8 m 45 m From 16:00 – 0600 hours for M/Vs with LOA of 176 m, 3,000 DWT Dry: Nov – Apr & Rainy: May – Oct GMT +7 Free Port Zone Cat Lai Port is the first port permitted to establish a Free Port Zone in Viet Nam. The port offers a wide range of services: goods handling, maritime assistance, trading, packaging and re-packaging, stowage and re-stowage of goods, maintenance, repair, replacement of containers for trans-shipment, transit, import and export cargo. 3. 1. 3. 6.
Tan Cang – Song Than ICD Terminal Introduction Tan Cang – Song Than Inland Container Depot is an inland customs clearance point, which supports Tan Cang Terminal and Tan Cang – Cat Lai Port 3. 1. 3. 7. Storage Facilities – Song Than ICD Terminal Total Area 500,000 m? Song Than ICD – Years & Warehouses Area of Warehouses Area of Container Yard 135,918 m? 300,000 m? Song Than ICD is located in Song Than Industrial Zone #2 surrounded by more than 10 EPZs and IPs of Ho Chi Min City, Binh Duong and Dong Nai provinces. International standard CFS, domestic and bonded warehouses with modern handling equipment 24/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 3. 1. 3. 8. Performance for the Port of HCMC Performance Vessels calls Container traffic (TEUs) Total cargo handling metric tonnes) Total annual capacity of the port Capacity Export activity of the port Import activity of the port 2,168 2,018,104 TEU’s 25,600,000 mt Bulk mt / Year N/A N/A Container TEU’s / Year 1,024,821 975,283 Conventional mt / Year N/A N/A 3. 1. 3. 9. Mooring Services – Port of HCMC 3 points of anchorage 3. 1. 3. 10. Port Cargo Handling Equipment – Port of HCMC Port Cargo Equipment Appliance Cranes – Travelling Cranes – Portal Electric Cranes – Electric Overhead Cranes – Gantry Container Cranes – Mobile Reach Stackers Dredges Bulldozer Forklift Trucks Tug Boats Self Propelled Barges Reefer Points Trailers Tractors 3. 1. 3. 11. Container Facilities – Port of HCMC
Quantity 1 24 10 27 4 28 6 3 11 43 6 1 32 22 7 6 1,000 140 170 Capacity 100 mt 35 – 40 mt 36 mt 35 mt 45 mt 40 mt 60 – 400 mt 42 mt 50 m? / hour 28 – 42 mt 7 – 10 mt Container Facilities Container facilities Daily off-take capacity No of containers/day Container Freight Stations (CFS) Number of CFS Capacity of CFS No of containers/day Refrigerated Container Stations Number of Stations (connection points) 20ft (TEU’s) Yes Yes 40ft (FEU’s) Yes Yes Yes 1,000 Yes 25/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 3. 1. 3. 12. Clearing Agents – Port of HCMC Contact Names Email: [email protected] com Email: [email protected] com Email: [email protected] o Contact Details Tel: +84 8 822 6936 Tel: +84 8 930 5758 Tel: +84 8 930 0997 Fax: +84 8 930 0995 Company Name & Address Alliance Logistics Management STC Agencies Co Falcon Shipping Company 3. 1. 3. 13. Security – Port of HCMC Security ISPS Compliant ISPS Level (current) 1 1=Normal Yes 2 2=Heightened 3 3=Exceptional Back to Top of Chapter or back to Table of Contents 26/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 3. 2. 3. 2. 1. Airport Assessment Overview in Viet Nam The Civil Aviation Administration of Viet Nam (CAAV) handles civil aviation and is under direct authority of the government. There are 135 airports and airstrips for civil, military and police use in the country.
The CAAV is responsible for 18 airports and air navigation services. The airports in the north, central and south handled 2. 5 million, 1. 2 million and 5. 1 million in 2002, respectively. Air traffic grew sharply during the 1990s until the region was hit by subsequent economic crisis. In 2002, the Ho Chi Minh City (Tan Son Nhat) and Ha Noi (Noi Bai) airports and reached a total of 8 million commercial passengers, of which 4. 2 million were international and 3. 8 domestic. International airfares are proposed by the airlines and ratified by CAAV. There are two different domestic airfares: one is applicable to foreign citizens and overseas Vietnamese and other is for local Vietnamese.
The maximum airfare to Vietnamese passengers on domestic flights between Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh City is decided by CAAV and the Government Pricing Committee and approved by the Prime Minister. Two airlines, both members of Viet Nam Airlines Corporation, operate in the country. The dominant one is Viet Nam Airlines, which accounts for 37% of international traffic to and from Viet Nam and 94% of the domestic demand. The other operator is Pacific Airlines which operates mainly between Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh City. It was established in 1995 and is jointly owned by the Viet Nam Airlines Corporation and several other companies. Company Name & Address CAA of Viet Nam 119 Nguyen Son Street, Long Bien District, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
Contact Names Lai Xuan Thanh Deputy Director General Email: [email protected] gov. vn Contact Details Tel: +84 4 827 2241 Fax: +84 4 827 1933 3. 2. 2. Ha Noi Airport (Noi Bai International) 3. 2. 2. 1. General Overview – Ha Noi airport The airport was originally built for the Vietnamese Air Force use. After reunification of Viet Nam in 1975 the Ha Noi Noi Bai Airport became an international public airport while continuing to serve for military purposes. Noi Bai International Airport is the largest airport in northern Viet Nam, serves the capital city Ha Noi. Ha Noi Airport is operated by Northern Airport Authority (NAA) and is located 45 kms north of Ha Noi Travel time by taxi takes between 30 to 45 minutes.
Terminal 1 is currently the only passenger terminal in Noi Bai Airport, but there are plans to construct another passenger terminal. Company Name & Address Noi Bai International Contact Names Name: Title: Email: Contact Details Tel: +84 4 827 1513 Tel: +84 4 826 8522 Tel: +84 4 886 5060 Web: www. Ha Noi-airport. com Country Province / District Town or City (closest) Airfield Name IATA & ICAO codes LOCATION DETAILS Latitude Longitude Ha Noi Elevation Noi Bai International International airport HAN – VVNB Operating Hours Viet Nam N 21°13’16” E 105° 48’26” 39 feet (12 meters) Yes 00:00 to 24:00 27/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 Ha Noi Airport Map 3. 2. 2. 2. Performance Year(s) and figures
Performance Total aircraft movements Total passengers Current monthly use by humanitarian flights 3. 2. 2. 3. Cargo Capacity None Capacity Cargo Total aircraft movements Total capacity of the airport (metric tonnes) Current activity of the airport (metric tonnes) Current monthly use by Humanitarian flights 3. 2. 2. 4. Airfield Details Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Year(s) and figures None Ha Noi Airport Customs Immigration Terminal building Passenger terminal Cargo terminal Pax transport to airfield Control tower Weather facilities Catering services Base Operating room Airport radar NDB VOR ILS Approach lights 3. 2. 2. 5.
Runway Published length (meters) Usable length (meters) Width (meters) Orientation Surface Runway Jet A-1 fuel AVGAS 100 Single point refueling Starter units (press air) Ground power (mobile) Crash crew Aircraft support services Latrine servicing Fire fighting Fire fighting category (ICAO) Fire fighting equipment De-icing equipment IFR procedures Runway lights Parking ramp lighting Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Category: 9 Yes No Yes Yes Yes 11L/29R 10,499 feet (3,200m) 11R/29L 12,467 feet (3,799 m) 45 m 11L/29R, Concrete 11R/29L 28/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 3. 2. 3. Ho Chi Minh City Airport (Tan Son Nhat International Airport) 3. . 3. 1. Overview Tan Son Nhat Airport was first constructed in the 1930s by the French Colonial government as small unpaved airport. By the mid 1950’s USA built a 7,200-foot (2,190 m) runway and terminal facilities to become South Viet Nam’s international airport. During the Viet Nam War, Tan Son Nhut Air Base was used by both the United States and the South Vietnamese Air Force (VNAF). Ho Chi Minh City Tan Son Nhat International Airport, a joint civilian and military airport, is located 4 miles (6 km) north of the center of Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon). It operates from two terminal buildings, a Domestic Terminal 1 and International Terminal 2.
The new international terminal opened in September 2007 with the capacity of 10 million passengers per year, giving the airport a total capacity of 15 – 17 million passengers per annum. www. hochiminhcityairport. com/ Location Details Country Province / District Town or City (closest) Airfield Name IATA & ICAO codes Runway Length (m) Runway Width (m) Viet Nam Ho Chi Minh Tan Son Nhat Airport SGN – VVTS 1. 3,048 meters 2. 3,800 metres 45 m Latitude Longitude Elevation (ft) Surface Condition Orientation Lighting N 10° 49’ 08” E 106° 39’ 07” 33 feet (10 metres) Concrete Good 1. 07L/25R 2. 07R/25L Yes 29/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 5 Arrivals Terminal Departure Terminal 30/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 3. 2. 3. 2. Runways Runway 07L/25R 10,000 feet (3,048 m) 07R/25L 12,468 feet (3,800 m) As above 45 m 07L/25R 07R/25L Concrete Published length (meters) Usable length (meters) Width (meters) Orientation Surface 3. 2. 3. 3. Airfield Details Ha Noi Airport Customs Immigration Terminal building Passenger terminal Cargo terminal Pax transport to airfield Control tower Weather facilities Catering services Base Operating room Airport radar NDB VOR ILS Approach lights 3. 2. 3. 4. Helicopter Pad Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Jet A-1 fuel AVGAS 100 Single point refueling Starter units (press air) Ground power (mobile) Crash crew Aircraft support services Latrine servicing Fire fighting Fire fighting category (ICAO) Fire fighting equipment De-icing equipment IFR procedures Runway lights Parking ramp lighting Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Category: 9 Yes No Yes Yes Yes Helipad Present Largest helicopter that can land Width & Length Surface • 3. 2. 3. 5. Airport Operating Details Yes No Airport Operating Details Max size aircraft that can be offloaded on bulk cargo Max size cargo aircraft that can be offloaded on pallet Total Parking Area m? Storage Capacity Mt Cargo Handling Equipment – Elevators / Hi-loaders – Loading ramps Yes Max. Capacity: Yes No Mt
If yes, specify below Can reach the upper deck of B747? Yes 31/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 3. 2. 3. 6. Costs – Air Traffic Control Navigation (per journey) Over-Flight Navigation Charges (US$) Aircraft Weight – MTOW (kg) 0 3,500 3,501 10,000 10,001 20,000 20,001 50,000 50,001 100,000 100,001 200,000 200,001 and over 3. 2. 3. 7. Costs – Airfield Charges Airfield Charges (US$) Aircraft Weight – MTOW (kg) 0 1,500 C 172 1,501 2,500 C 205 2,501 5,000 C 208 5,001 10,000 DC-3 10,001 20,000 Dash-7 20,001 40,000 Dash-8 40,001 80,000 An-12 80,001 120,000 B757 120,001 180,000 B767 180,001 300,001 3. 2. 3. 8. 300,000 and over IL-76 An-124
Landing Night Landing Night Take-off Parking Costs – Air Bridge Charges Rate (US$) Air Bridge Charges Aircraft Weight (kgs) 2,000 kg – 180,000 kg 180,001 kg – and over 3. 2. 3. 9. Ground Handling Companies Contact Position Ground Handling Co’s Cell 3. 2. 3. 10. Costs – Aircraft Handling Charges Aerodrome – Class I & II Aerodrome – Class III Aircraft Handling Schedule Aircraft Weight – MTOW kgs 0 1,500 C 172 1,501 2,500 C 205 2,501 5,000 C 208 5,001 10,000 DC-3 10,001 20,000 Dash-7 32/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 20,001 40,001 80,001 120,001 180,001 300,001 3. 2. 3. 11. 40,000 80,000 120,000 180,000 300,000 and over
Dash-8 An-12 B757 B767 IL-76 An-124 Costs – Aircraft Servicing Charges Ad-Hoc / US$ Per operation Per unit per hour Per hour Per hour Per hour Per aircraft Per operation Per operation Aircraft Servicing Charges Service Chocks Stairs GPU ASU Loader Toilet Service Pushback Trailer/dolly 3. 2. 3. 12. Fuel Handling Fuel Handling Co’s Contact Direct Line Email Fuel Spillage Charge Ramp surface damage surcharges per m? including fire cover Standby against fire risks per hour or part thereof including personnel 3. 2. 3. 13. Aircraft Catering Services Contact Cell Email Aircraft Catering 3. 2. 3. 14. Security Security Good Marginal Bad • 3. 2. 3. 15. Storage • •
Back to Top of Chapter or back to Table of Contents Storage Facilities 33/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 3. 3. Road Assessment 3. 3. 1. Roads Overview Sources: Proceedings of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies (Vol. 5, pp. 1923 – 1933, 2005) http://web. worldbank. org 3. 3. 1. 1. Roads and Highways The road network in Viet Nam is 210,000 km Viet Nam Road Network (kms) National Roads Provincial Roads 17,300 17,450 District Roads 36,400 Urban Roads 7,000 Rural Roads 131,500 3. 3. 1. 2. Highways 84% of Viet Nam’s national roads are currently paved up from 61% in 1997. The current percentage of paved national roads is reasonable by regional standards.
In 2002 the condition of the network in good condition was 45% percent and good and average 66% The improvement in the quality of the network appears to be largely driven by new construction rather than by the maintenance of the existing capital stock because expenditure on periodic and routine maintenance of national roads between 1998 and 2002 were less than half the of the maintenance needs as estimated by the Viet Nam Road’s Administration in its 10 Strategic Maintenance Plan. 3. 3. 1. 3. Local Roads It is difficult to obtain accurate information about the condition of provincial, district and commune roads and it is highly likely that there are large inter-provincial variations in the condition of local road networks.
Evidence from on-going projects indicates that provincial roads in general are in poor condition. This is corroborated by the fact that, similar to national roads, local government expenditure on local road maintenance do not cover even half of the requirements for an average-condition road network. About one quarter of the 83,000 km rural road network is believed to be in good or fair condition and 58% of the provincial roads providing connectivity to the main network are in poor condition. The administration of the road sector is complex with different agencies responsible for the financing and implementation and others for investment and maintenance.
For national roads, investment finance is approved by the Ministry of Planning and Investment, implementation is the responsibility of the Project Management Units of the Ministry of Transport, and maintenance is undertaken by the Viet Nam Roads Administration with funds channeled through the Ministry of Finance. For local roads, the complexity of the institutional arrangements is greater with the involvement of the provincial departments of transport. Road traffic is mainly concentrated on national roads and around the major urban centers. Even though vehicle ownership is rising very quickly, car ownership is still low and road traffic is dominated by motorcycles. Rising levels of motorization is a major challenge to transport planners and policy-makers, especially in large urban areas and primary intercity roads.
Traffic accidents increased dramatically from 1999 to 2002, but have shown a decrease from 2002 to 2003 (See figure 1 below) Company Name & Address Contact Names Contact Details Ministry of Transport of Viet Nam 80 Tran Hung Dao Street, Email: [email protected] gov. vn Tel: +84 4 3822 4464 Web: www. mt. gov. vn Fax: +84 4 3822 2979 Hoan Kiem District, Ha Noi, Viet Nam Summary of Role and Services To formulate and submit the national master plan for transport development to the government. To give instructions to provinces, cities under the central management and specialized administrations to formulate local master plan for transport development in accordance with the national master plan to submit to the government for approval.
To give instruction to specialized administrations to draft laws and by-laws (laws, ordinances), policies on transport management to submit to the government for approval or the Ministry of Transport will promulgate in accordance with its authorization. 34/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 To issue national standards and classify categories of seaports, river ports, road network, railways, inland waterway, and maritime channels in accordance with the laws and regulations; and to give instructions to specialized administrations to implement the above-mentioned standards. To submit to the government for approval or to approve works, transport construction projects, technical designs, and implementation methods, check & hand-over of transport construction projects in accordance with the laws and regulations on infrastructure construction management.
To supervise the approval of projects of specialized administrations within authorization of the administrations. To manage the quality of transport infrastructure construction works in accordance with the national standards. To give guideline and supervise the issuance, extension and withdrawal of certificates and licenses of construction, operation regarding traffic and protection of transport structures in accordance with the laws and regulations. To stipulate technical standards for imported or locally produced transport means, equipment and spare parts in accordance with technical specifications, economic condition and traffic safety of Viet Nam.
To be responsible for supervision of the enforcement of laws, policies and the ministry’s regulations on state management of road, railway, inland waterway and maritime transport nation-wide. 3. 3. 2. Road Construction & Maintenance Contact Names Director General: Le Anh Tuan Email: [email protected] gov. vn Web: www. vra. gov. vn/ Contact Details Tel: +84 4 3768 4008 Fax: +84 4 3768 0072 Company Name & Address Viet Nam Road Authority, 18, Pham Hung Road, Cau Giay District, Ha Noi, Viet Nam Summary of Role and Services 1. Company Name & Address Contact Names Contact Details Viet Nam Expressway Corporation, Tel : +84 4 643 0266 Email: [email protected] com. n Hamlet 2, Linh Nam Ward, Fax : +84 4 643 0270 Web: www. expressway. com. vn Hoang Mai District, Ha Noi, Viet Nam Summary of Role and Services As the demand for economic development and international trade increases, as well as to meet the growing demand for national transportation, Vietnamese Government has placed priority to transportation infrastructure development, including expressways. Traditionally, the investment for national roads construction mainly comes from state’s budget which is burden on government funds. Thus, there is a need for a new mechanism to mobilize more funding sources for construction- which brings faster development for road industry.
Aiming at fund mobilization, flexible and active usage, the model which has been effectively applied in many developed countries is the model of expressway enterprise. The application of this model helps diversify funds from various sectors of the economy. Viet Nam Expressway Corporation (VEC) is a state owned company established, being formed under th Ministry of Transportation’s decision number 3030-QD-BGTVT on October 6 2004 based on approval st of the Government in document number 1245/CP-DMDN on September 1 2004. VEC operates in the fields of investment fund absorbing, construction management, operation, toll fee collection, maintenance and reinvestment into other construction works from collected tolls in the future. 35/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 3. 3. 3.
Ha Noi 105 Hai Phong 165 340 380 75 150 309 474 92 291 486 658 763 793 75 Halong Bay 445 485 180 255 414 579 197 396 591 763 868 898 505 Lao Cai 545 240 315 474 639 257 456 651 823 40 Sapa 415 490 505 340 432 631 826 455 Hoa Binh 530 465 300 472 671 866 75 Mai Chau 234 549 167 366 561 159 Son La 324 242 441 636 808 165 Dien Bien Phu 401 600 798 566 Ninh Binh 765 960 199 Vinh 394 195 Dong Hoi 367 472 502 172 Hue 277 307 791 105 Da Nang 135 619 642 30 Hoi An 514 725 537 764 848 Nha Trang 695 211 Dalat 507 207 179 Buon Me Thuot 734 250 220 445 Phan Thiet/Muine 931 447 310 489 197 Ho Chi Minh City Distance Matrix 998 1038 733 967 1132 566 928 1103 1143 838 958 1133 1173 868 913 1072 1237 671 943 1102 1267 701 1277 1382 1442 1617 1657 1352 1427 1586 1751 1185 986 488 1593 1653 1828 1868 1563 1638 1797 1962 1396 1197 1002 830 1300 1405 1465 1640 1680 1375 1450 1609 1774 1208 1009 814 1527 1632 1692 1867 1907 1602 1677 1836 2001 1435 1236 1041 869 1724 1829 1889 2064 2104 1799 1874 2033 2198 1632 1433 1238 1066 961 1799 1904 1964 2139 2179 1874 1949 2108 2273 1707 1508 1313 1141 1036 1006 522 385 564 272 75 My Tho 1893 1998 2058 2233 2273 1968 2043 2202 2367 1801 1602 1407 1235 1130 1100 616 479 658 366 169 94 Can Tho 2025 2130 2190 2365 2405 2044 2175 2334 2499 1933 1734 1539 1367 1262 1232 748 611 790 498 301 226 132 Chau Doc Back to Top of Chapter or back to Table of Contents 36/70 LCA – Viet Nam – Initial Assessment 2009 Version 1. 05 3. 4. 3. 4. 1. Railway Assessment Management / Consortium
The Viet Nam Railway Cooperation (VRC) is the sole supplier of rail services in Viet Nam. Following corporatization, VRC’s internal business has been restructured into four main business groups: o 2 passenger train operating entities (North and South) o A freight train operating company o A grouping of regional infrastructure administrations The train operating entities are quasi-independent management and accounting entities. The Viet Nam Railway Administration remains responsible for planning development of the sector, for new construction and for securing resources for maintenance. The VRC pays 10% of its gross revenues as a track access charge. These funds are generally used toward infrastructure maintenance.
The network is small, old and has received little investment for upgrading, the VRC has performed well. Viet Nam does not have concentrated flows of bulk raw materials or long-distances which give rise to heavy rail freight flows, its 8 lines serve high density passenger corridors. Traffic density is about 2. 3 million traffic units per route km per annum, which is relatively low compared to other countries in the region. The average passenger train load in Viet Nam is around 370 passengers which is relatively high, but average freight load of 225 tons is low, as a result of low axle-weight infrastructure, short crossing loops and possible sub-optimal freight operating plans.
Company Name & Address Contact Names General Director Dr Nguyen Huu Bang Viet Nam Railway Corporation, 118 Le Duan Street, Ha Noi, Viet Nam Vice General Director Dr Vuong Dinh Khanh Email: [email protected] com. vn Web: www. vr. com. vn 3. 4. 2. Contact Details VRC Fax: +84 4 922 866 Sai Gon Railway Line Tel: +84 4 942 3697 Fax: +84 4 747 0336 Hai Phong Railway Line (Ha Noi) Tel: +84 4 942 3697 Fax: +84 4 747 0336 Railway Overview The network consists of 7 lines with a total length of 2,600 km. All lines are single track, mostly meter gauge, with a few standard gauge and double gauge towards the Chinese border. There are over 1,800 bridges (57,044 m) and 39 tunnels (11,513 m) and 281 stations. The network connects residential area to cultural, agricultural and industrial center, except the Mekong river delta area.
The railways is linked to China railways according to 2 directions: o From Lao Cai province to Van Nam province o From Lang Son province to Quang Tay province When the network is more developed, the railway could possibly be linked to the Cambodia, Thailand and Malaysia railways network via the Singapore and Laos railways The Viet Nam railway uses 3 kinds of gauge, namely 1,000 mm gauge, 1,435 mm-gauge (standard gauge) as well as 1,435 mm and 1,000 mm-gauge (mixed gauge). The length of the railway network and gauge are represented in the table next page: The railways uses twin-block concrete sleeper, wooden sleeper and iron sleeper. 43 kg/m rail type and hard rail fasteners are used in most of the rail network.