Democracy is a type of government reliant on participation and decision-making emanating from the citizens of the society. This principle forms the rationale of having a voting process, which a requisite to the adoption of a genuine democratic government. Election, the most common exercise where voting is being done, is often regarded as the hallmark and foundation of a democratic state, as this provides the citizens an opportunity to participate, voice out their sentiments, and elect their leaders according to their preference.
The concept of voting is something done in a representative democracy, which delegates power to certain individuals who are tasked to make decisions in behalf of the people. With “allocation” being “authoritative”, voting hence endows to certain officials the power to decide – these decisions must ultimately reflect the policy inclinations of the public. Voting can get the pulse of the people not only in candidate selection, but also how they feel about certain issues.
Political participation is a very consequential aspect of the democratic system. It assures that mis-governance is something that would not occur as there would be veto pressures from the citizens of the country. For example, when a country would come up with policies that people are opposed to, citizens can exercise the powers of recall, to change the incumbent official.
The voting process creates a certain method for citizens to articulate their respective opinions and interests. Based on pluralism or majoritarianism, the certain official (in elections) or policy stands (in issue voting), the choice with the most number or the majority of votes would be the adopted results of the democratic community. This makes the decision-making process more organized, centralized, and consensual. It brings an order to how democracy is being practiced.
The resource distribution process becomes a social agreement is a system with elections. Since democracy is essentially reliant on the people, the direct selection of an official or even a policy can bring legitimacy to a certain preference of resource distribution. Voting can acquire the general consensus, and declare such consensus the operational policy within the society. Since democracy is about the people, then a way of empowering the people is through the voting process. For example, the constitution provides for direct or indirect participation of citizens in policy making, through processes like plebiscite. If a government would want to shift from a presidential to a parliamentary system, then a vote of approval from the citizens is necessary. This is an important contribution to the political participation process and the empowerment of the citizens.