Will Japan Become a True Military-Backed Superpower?

JapanWill Japan become a true military-backed superpower? From the size and strength of the Japanese Self-Defense Force to maintain high military spending to strengthen the Japan-U. S. alliance and to adjust its military strategies, Japan’s military moves on the four areas to be analyzed. Stressed that Japan wants to show the world it is a military power, Japanese troops are moving towards the nature and functions of major changes ahead.

I. The Japanese Self-Defense Forces to become a regional military power by the military. Japan’s Self-Defense Forces was established in 1954.Its predecessor was established when the Korean War broke out, the paramilitary police force (75,000). By 2002, 283,000 Japanese troops were prepared, of which 259,000 soldiers, civilian as 24,000 people. Ground Self-Defense Force 148,000 people, has 13 divisions, 1,130 tanks; MSDF 44000, 154 ships with combat ships (destroyers and frigates of 57 ships and submarines, 15), the Air Self-Defense Force 45,000. has 400 combat aircraft.

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Another 53,000 reservists, it has the Defense Agency and representatives of UN organizations, compiling more than 7,000 people.Japan irregular forces to the Maritime Self-Defense Force as an example, it has the existing staff of about 45,000 (not including the Coast Guard), 152 major warships ships, frigates and destroyers, 53 (including four “Aegis” destroyers),16 submarines, 31 anti-ship mine-laying vessels. Air major aircraft 205, F-97 P3C anti-submarine patrol aircraft.

Generally speaking, Japan’s Maritime Self-Defense Force mine, air defense and anti-submarine capabilities are relatively strong, relatively advanced weaponry.In the Pacific region, the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force contingent is ranked second after the United States Navy’s most powerful naval force, its submarine forces in the Pacific region ranked third. The Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force destroyer is the major surface ships, Japan in the construction of the destroyers have excellent performance over a long history, dating back to the Second World War period. the destroyer is the best in the world. Among them, the Ground Self-Defense Force troops in the British general; Tanks more than Britain, France, Italy and SSB.MSDF vessels have exceeded all the major combat Medium military, two military power after the United States and Russia.

It ranked third in the world. Combat aircraft of the Air Self-Defense Force more than Italy, near Germany, Britain and France. In short, Japan’s SDF has developed into a complete services, advanced weaponry and combat capability of the armed forces. [1] II.

Maintain high military spending and step up its purchases of advanced weaponry and sophisticated military technology. Japan’s annual military budget is about 42 billion U. S. ollars, ranking the sixth in the world. Due to historical, political and other reasons, Japan’s military spending accounted for nearly 30 years does not account for a large proportion of the gross national product. generally maintained at around 1%. However, as Japan’s economy developed, its gross national product base, and thus its military absolute considerable. Apart from the large amount, the use of Japan’s military spending is also showing high efficiency, for the purchase and development of proportion and some strong support by the popular science features.

According to a report by the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London, Japan’s military expenditure in 1995 to 50. 2 billion U. S. dollars. nine ASEAN’s total military spending is equivalent to more than three times; , it is also much higher than China, North Korea, South Korea three and the aggregate China seven times, it is South Korea’s four times.

Moreover, the Japanese military and the NATO countries have different statistical methods, it does not include Japan, the pensions for retired servicemen.Pensions, and the Coast Guard universe expenses and other expenses. If all together, the number is even more alarming. A total of less than 240,000 military personnel in Japan, the twenty-fifth of China’s land area is only equivalent, only about one-tenth of China’s population, but over China’s military spending. The most noteworthy is that Japan’s annual arms procurement costs account for about 19% of the total military budget, which is more than 80 billion dollars. Compared to China, the proportion of Japan’s weapons and equipment procurement costs are higher than in China.Japanese weaponry leading position in the overall performance in Asia, some of the advanced equipment than the U.

S. military. 370 fighter planes for 76% of its third-generation fighter plane. Japan’s production is “training people,” at least 1,500 enterprises involved in production, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Kawasaki Heavy Industry, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, has a very strong military capacity Japan’s military spending around 40 billion U. S. dollars in a direct maintain, the highest in the United States, ranked second in the world.For years, Japan’s defense budget is to increase investment and steady growth. 20th Century 1990s, the momentum is still coming down, the average increase military spending more than 300 million U.

S. dollars. with the largest increase in two years, 1990 and 1991, respectively, compared with last year, increased by 6. 1% and 5. 45%. Japan’s Defense Agency plans to 2001–2005 228. 7 billion U.

S. dollars, funding for the SDF, 3. 8% growth over the previous five-year armament program, which costs 36 billion U. S. dollars of weapons and equipment. 6. 1% of the total national budget.

2002 reached 46 billion U.S. dollars. 2004-2005 year, and its military budget of 4. 96 trillion yen.

Huge sums of money to build a missile defense system to defend the pretext of introducing technology to the Japanese government in 2005 to develop a formal commitment with the United States New sea-based interceptor missiles (HCC), the U. S. missile defense system as the “backbone”. This is to strengthen Japan’s security alliance with the United States represents an important step. Joint development costs will reach up to 2.

7 billion U. S. dollars, of which Japan will afford the 1. 2 billion U. S. dollars.In December 2004, Japan adopted a new “National Defense Program Outline” relaxation of the ban on weapons exports for decades to implement. Japan can be exported so that the joint development and production of missile defense systems and parts, This new type of ballistic missile technology from Japan to research into the development phase of paving the road.

Japan’s Defense Agency plans to buy 124 at the end of fiscal year 2010 “Patriot” – 3 (PAC) surface-to-air missile bombs. Japan’s Saitama, Shizuoka, Fukuoka and Gifu, the four military bases each will be equipped with four sets of PAC launch systems, and two sets of spare equipment.PAC 32 gold imports to the United States ,from the first missile is estimated at 4. 2 million U. S.

dollars, each. Japan’s Defense Agency plans to allow domestic production of the remaining PAC missile arms manufacturers Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Obviously opportunity to enhance its own missile production technologies. Global surveillance systems are capable of spy satellites in September 2006. Japan launching an “information-gathering satellites”, although the name of the satellite tends to neutral colors, But it was a spy satellite.In the meantime, Japan has launched two spy satellites, a satellite carrying optical scanning device. Another first is radar imaging satellite. February 24 this year, the global information processing system in Japan, the last rocket carrying satellite into space After successfully entered its preset orbit. Japanese officials have admitted in February 26, after nearly 10 years of efforts, Japan has successfully established a global surveillance network of spy satellites at any location.

Procurement of the Air Self-Defense Force has 223 F-15 fighter planes and E-767AWACS (airborne early warning and control system ).Maritime Self-Defense Force has been equipped with four U. S. -made “Aegis” “golden class” destroyers, it can use a computer system to track several targets in the sky. and can automatically assess and identify the extent of the threat of attack sequence of the more than 20 targets simultaneously launching ship-to-air missiles. Japan’s Self-Defense Forces can take pride in the seven areas : 1, the world’s most mine clearance units first in the world in demining techniques and 2, the Maritime Self-Defense Force’s anti-submarine warfare capability is a specialty 3.

ot less than conventional submarines, four submarines, the Japanese F-2 fighter is the most technologically advanced crystallization Its performance is superior to F-15, F-16, Japan’s new generation of multipurpose stealth fighter 5. serving high-tech missiles, U. S. shocked 6. F-15 fighter pilot and maintenance officer protection fly first-class rate of 90%, while the United States only 80%.

7, SDF officers’ level is the top of the world. [2] III. Strengthen the Japan-U. S. military alliance, enhance the status of the Japanese in the Japan-U. S. efense cooperation From the Japan-U.

S. alliance, Japan reaping the many benefits and advantages. For half a century, Japan is relying on the Japan-U.

S. alliance to develop and strengthen their own; Moreover, Japan is using its alliance with the United States to protect its own security; the war would then be possible to concentrate financial and material resources into the economic sphere, achieve rapid development. Meanwhile, Japan’s intention is to take advantage of the Japan-U. S. alliance in Asia, in order to enhance their status. In September 1997, the new “Japan-U. S.

efense cooperation guidelines,” and clearly the Korean Peninsula, include the war in the Taiwan Strait and the Spratly Islands in the future within its scope. In May 1999, Japan adopted the “surrounding situation” Bill not only defense but also the scope can be expanded to provide logistical support for its forces. In June 2003, Japan adopted the “three emergency rules. ” confirmed that the Japanese prime minister after the Congress directly at critical moments may send troops to take military action, 12 9. Japanese government formally decided to send the SDF to Iraq. This One is to strengthen the Japan-U. S.

lliance, Japan is striving to show political and military big commitment IV. Adjustment of military strategy to “exclusively defensive” to “foreign intervention” and pre-emptive. In 1970, Japan formally established the “defensive” military strategy, the limited geographic scope only in Japan. As a condition of using of force by armed attacks. Since the Gulf War, Japan through the “peripheral events occurred on the bill” and the “SDF Law Amendment Act,” and so on. Japan’s SDF mission is to increase the combat readiness of the “overseas deployments” and “supporting U. S.

military operations. ” 1997 signing of the “Japan-U. S. efense cooperation guidelines,” has changed from the conditions for the use of force “after being invaded” advance ” threatened by the enemy. ” In February 2003, the Japanese Defense Agency Director General Shigeru Ishiba put to a “potential threat” to implement a pre-emptive military strike. After the outbreak of the Iraq war, the United States asked Japan to the Japanese government to seize this opportunity to support the war in Iraq. June 6 in the Senate, “including the” Three Acts; July 26 in the Diet to pass the “Iraq Reconstruction Support Special Measures Act,” so in a legal form, paving the way for Japan to send troops overseas.December 19, 2003, the Japanese government made three decisions: in a day ordered the dispatch of troops to Iraq.

There are 6. 5 billion U. S. dollars funding to establish the deployment of a missile defense system, to revise the “National Defense Program Outline,” “concept. ” December 10, 2004, Japan adopted a new National Defense Program Outline, constantly looking for a pretext for military expansion. not hesitate to its neighbors as enemies, the implementation of a complete end to 50 years of the post-war pacifist policy.February 19, 2005, Japan and the United States issued “security consultation” meeting unequivocal statement that the U. S.

-Japan security covers Taiwan. Japan wants to show the world that it is not only an economic power but also a military power. January 9, 2007, the Japanese Defense Agency official upgraded to a ministry of defense, or the defense of other countries. Defense Agency chief among long as the first chapter of Health upgraded defense minister. After the upgrade, the defense will have greater influence in the operation and more financially independent.

SDF’s various overseas operations will become normal tasks.U. S. defense experts believe Japan’s “peace constitution” has become nominal. In World opinion, it is an important part of Japan’s strategy for achieving military power. Japan adjusts its “defensive” strategy for the area.

In recent years, some Japanese politicians are advocating the SDF will be upgraded to the Self-Defense Forces, to amend Article 9 of the Constitution. Their purpose is self-evident: the resumption of the military nature of the SDF, the Japanese Self-Defense Forces out of the country. Although the Japanese constitution prohibits war, Japan very low profile in the Japanese army and the navy called “SDF”.

But Japan is a stealth military power, its annual military budget sixth in the world rankings. In the past few years, the Japanese army took part in the military action in Iraq and in the Indian Ocean. Conservative Abe, Japan’s prime minister will upgrade Japan’s Defense Agency to a ministry of defense, and plan to amend Japan’s peace constitution. Japan’s SDF to carry out more frequent, this will open the door to overseas deployment. In the past 50 years, Japan intends to overlook the defense. But now, the Japanese have a clear understanding for its own military force. 3] A re-armed Japan’s aggressive war will make other Asian countries back to the scene of the times, in fact. Japan’s self-defense nature of all military facilities is far more offensive nature.

Now is gradual strengthening of the cooperation between the United States and Japan. Despite Cheney’s trip to Japan in his emphasis on security policy issues, However, he deliberately did not meet Japan’s Defense Minister of Health Zhang between long, long time between Perhaps it is because last month, Japan’s official support for the war in Iraq has been a “mistake. However, with Japan and Japanese politicians and political maturity so that Japan will adopt a more confident foreign policy. Japan will not maintain a long stealth military power status. Bibliography [1]?? “???? ”:????????????? ,??? , 2006? 04? 10? [2] ??????? ???????? ,????? 2007-02-28 [3]?????????????????? , ???? 2007-03-01 ????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????? ,????? ,?????????????????? ,??????????????????? I.??????????????????????? ???????? 1954? ,?????????????????????? (7. 5?? )??? 2002? ,?????? 28. 3?? ,???? 25.

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1%? 5. 45%???????? 2001?? 2005??? 2287?????????? ,???????????? 3. 8%,???????? 360??? ,??????? 6. 1%? 2002??? 460???? 2004?? 2005?? ,??????? 4. 96????? ???????????????????????? 2005???????????????????? (SM3),??????????? “?? ,????????????????????????????????? 27??? ,???????? 12???? 2004? 12? ,?????? “???????? ”,??????????????? ,???????????????????????????? ,???????????????????????????????????? 2010??????? 124? “??? ”?? (PAC3)????????????????????????????????? PAC3????????????? 32? PAC3???????? ,?????? 420?????????????????????????? PAC3?? ,??????????????????? ?????????????????.

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