Winston Churchill was a descendant of the great Spencer family. He was a great British politician who was famously known for his political leadership in the United Kingdom at the height of the Second World War.
For the sake of his political career he adopted and used his sir name ‘Churchill’ so as to identify with the famous Churchill family. He was born in the year 1874 and later passed on in the year 1965.From his early childhood years, Churchill was exemplary known for his autonomous independence and a natural rebellion. He generally performed poorly in school, and in most cases he was a victim of punishments due to his poor performance. He joined the Harrow School in the year 1888 and this is where Churchill began his military career (Lembaka, 1993, p.25).In the very first days after his arrival to the school, Churchill joined the Harrow Rifle Corps whereby, he gained very high remarks in history and English and he became the school fencing champion. Churchill always felt inferior and always perceived himself as a speech impediment something that bothered him so much about his future life.
Speech therapists diagnosed and confirmed him to be clutterer and not even a stutterer.However, he was determined to make markup about his name in the world. Therefore, he declared that his speech impediment was not going to be a hindrance to his success. He sat down to work towards improving his speech patterns and today he is considered one of the most successful models for stutterers (Jefferys, 1998, p.13).In 1904, Churchill met his future wife Margaret Primrose at a ball dance in Crewe House.
He proposed to her and in 1909 they gave birth to their first born son. In total Churchill had five children despite the third born who died a few days after birth due to a condition suspected to have been septicemia.After Churchill graduated from the Harrow school in 1893, he applied to join the Royal Military Academy.
It took him enough struggles and he had made several attempts before he passed the entrance exam. He was forced to apply for the position of a cavalry instead of an infantry simply because his grade was lower than the minimum requirement. Therefore, he had to study mathematics in order to qualify for higher positions. Hard work led Churchill to graduate as the eighth candidate in a class of 150 students in the year 1894.
Folowing his father’s wishes he was supposed to shift from the cavalry regiment to an infantry regiment but he chose to remain in the same position. As a result of maintaining his position he was commissioned as the second Lieutenant in the fourth Queen’s Own Hussars in the year 1895.After serving in this position for over thirty years he received honor of Colonel of the Hussars in the year 1941 (Hitchens, 2000, p.32).
He disputed the idea of following conventional promotions along the army ranks and chose to use all means possible to acquire chances in the military action and he applied the influence of his famous family to arrange for actions and posting through active campaigns. His career in writing scored a lot in catching and drawing public attention and this earned Churchill very significant and additional pay. He composed and wrote his own books about campaigns and actively acted as a war correspondent for a number of Newspapers in London.At the plight of his twenty first birth day, Churchill received a commission to write about the Spanish fight conducted by the Cuban guerrillas.
This led to his travel in the land of Cuba where he stayed observing and writing about this conflict. Later in the year 1896, Churchill was considered one among the very best polo players and he was transferred to Bombay in India where he led his team to many prestigious tournaments. Churchill attempted to join the Greco- Turkish War in 1897, but the conflict ended before he could reach the point. Instead he joined the British Army rivals who were going to fight the against the Pashtun tribe. He was permitted to join the fight by his commander General Jeffery who was by then operating the Malakland brigade. After this fight Churchill, transferred to Egypt on a visiting tour to Luxor just before attaining the 21first Lancers to serve in Sudan (Broad, 1958, p.
17).In the year 1898 while still serving in Sudan, Churchill participated in what was considered the last but meaningful British Cavalry Charge at the battle known as the battle of Omdurman.During this time he served as a war correspondent for the morning post. Towards the end of 1898 he took a return journey to Britain where he began his voluminous work of writing about the Sudan Conquest and published the book, “The River War” in the same year. In 1899 Churchill officially resigned from the British Arm and this saw his opportunity to parliamentary career.After his eventful success as a military man, Churchill vied for the parliamentary elections and he became a conservative member of the parliament in the year 1900. During the first three decades of the 19th century, Churchill held many liberal and high posts in the conservative government.
At the onset of the Second World War Churchill was appointed to serve as the first lord of the admiralty. He was later appointed as the prime minister and the minister in charge of defense a position he served till the year 1945.He however, reassigned the partnership in the conservative victory in 1955.He continued serving as a member of parliament until the 1964 general elections whereby he did not re-seek to vie for a second phase. Churchill was conferred the dignity of Knighthood by Queen Elizabeth II and further invested in him what they considered the insignia of the order of garter in the year 1953.Among the many numerous honors and decorations awarded to him the most significantly mentioned is the honorably citizenship award of United States coffered to him by President Kennedy in the year 1963.
Churchill’s liberal career was literary founded on his campaign reports. These included writings and publications such as The River War, The Story of the Malakland field force that was published in 1898, the account of the numerous campaigns during the Sudan battle known as the Omdurman (Ingraum, 1954, p.76).During the 1900 century, he published his father’s biography and published the one and only novel in his history known as the Savrola.Later on his other renown biographies came into play led by the life history of his great ancestor the Duke of Marlborough which he indeed published in four different volumes in the years 1933 and 1938.His writing career was crowned by his writings on the history of the first world war which also appeared in four different volumes written reflecting on the title ‘The World Crisis’.
The experiences and memories of the Second World War also ran down his spine and he composed a full story about this war which came into six different volumes. Finally after his official retirement he composed his magnificent oratory survival speeches in different volumes.