To provide practice in mastering consonants, consonant blends, vowels, digraphs, and diphthongs through the use of a word game.
Sunshine State Standards:
Standard 1: The student demonstrates knowledge of the concept of print and how it is organized and read.
Standard 2: The student demonstrates phonological awareness.
Standard 3: The student demonstrates phonemic awareness.
Standard 4: The student demonstrates awareness knowledge of the alphabetic principle and applies grade level phonics skills to read text.
2. a die
3. a list of phonemic elements that students will be working with
1. The teacher displays a game board and gives detailed instructions so students can create their own game boards.
2. Students are placed into groups of 4. Each group receives tag board, a list of phonemic elements to include and a die. Each group works together to create their game and construct game markers for each player. The students are to draw a margin (approximately 2`) around their tagboard. Then they divide the margin into spaces large enough for inserting the phonic elements for practice. On the corners and in several spaces between corners, insert penalties and rewards, such as `take another turn` or `move back three spaces.`
3. After the game is completed each group works with the teacher to make sure that all phonemic elements are included.
4. Students play their game as a group. Players take turns rolling the die and moving the corresponding number of spaces, saying each phonemic element as they progress around the game board. They continue until they cannot say a phonemic element or they have moved the same number of spaces as the number they rolled on the die. The first player to make their way all the way around the word trail is the winner.
The class gathers as a whole group for discussion. Students are allowed to show their games to one another and share ideas. The teacher is also able to observe each game to see if students were mastering the intended phonemic skills.
The teacher can observe each group playing the game in order to gain an idea of how much each student understands about phonemic sounds. The teacher can make use of verbal questioning and prompting to help. A written assessment could be produced by giving each student a word list that includes the phonemic sounds in the game. Students could use the word list to write sentences or stories using each of the words. The sentences or stories would be shared out loud to ensure that students are truly grasping phonemic sounds.