Germany was a country that was struggling economically after losing the First World War. In the late 1920s and the early 1930s, the unemployment rate rose from 1.3 million to 5million, where more than two of every five Germans were unemployed. Also, the production of its industry production shrunk into half its capability. Germany, same as the other European countries, was anxious and exhausted from the aftermath of the First World War.Hitler rose imprinted with the idea of a twisted Darwinism nationalist ideology: Germans or Aryans were of superior and the Europe’s natural master in terms of racial status. He viewed Slavic and Jews as inferiors, as well as the Marxists and liberals to be unfit.
Having the concept that the master race should grow, racial conflict, selective breeding and systematic purging of the other races was inevitable. As he made his way to be the Chancellor of Germany through his charisma in public speech, he transformed the masses of Germany into a frenzied state. At the start of his office, the country’s economy was starting to turn upward. He started to attention on the middle and lower strata of the society – the workers, civil servants, carpenters and the other people who barely made their living because of the World War One’s infiltration. They were the people who were in need of salvation.And Hitler gave what they wanted the most. Programs for public works were created in massive scale to pull it out of the Depression that was happening all over the world at that time.
Unemployment steadily fell, business began to profit again and the standard of living went up by 20%. Before he was considered the most hated man in Europe, Chancellor Hitler and his Nazi Party was first considered by his people as the man behind their country’s revival. With this, he saw it as an opportunity to achieve his ambitions of conquering Europe.Germany started demanding taking Sudetenland, a piece of land located along Germany and Czech border, accusing that the Czechs repressed the German population living there and that it belong to their country. Czechoslovakia, even with its own treaties and had several negotiations, was still handed over by Britain and France’s decision, assuming that the Nazi will stop seizing other European territory. Hitler signed to an agreement promising that he would not pursue more invasions. Yet after achieving the land, he ignored the agreement and continued in invading the rest of the territories of the Czech as well as the other parts of Eastern Europe. The annexation of its neighbouring countries’ lands such as Austria and Czechoslovakia upset the rest of the world.
The German gave the reason that these territories were originally owned by them and was only lost because due to the previous World War and a portion of people living in this land that were of German descendant and speaks the German language.Several months after capturing various territories surrounding the country, Germany met up with the Soviet to sign the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact, which basically stated that both countries would prevent hostile acts against each other and would split the Poland. This treaty essentially sealed its conquest in Europe.Germany’s invasion of Poland in September 1939 officially started the Second World War.
Britain and France’s demands that Hitler stop his forces fell on deaf ears, leading both countries to declare war on Germany. The Nazi troops began heavy air attacks with fast ground invasion, referred this plan as blitzkrieg or “lightning war”. The Poland, having their troops ill-equipped, armies unprepared and technology lagging behind, offered very little resistance. The country was overran and succumbed to the German forces in less than a month. Polish radio stations repeatedly played their national anthem over and over until their capital, Warsaw, surrendered after a siege on the 27 of September.
Months after fighting in minor skirmishes between the French and German soldiers, Hitler started to move again, this time pointing its army upward to Denmark and Norway. Though Copenhagen and Oslo was swiftly taken, resistance aided by the British and French were strong and continued to fight their captors for two months. A month after, German moved to its western border to prepare its attack in Belgium, Holland and Luxemburg. Surrenders were soon to follow. And as the British and Fresh rush to Belgium to hold this line of defence, as they assumed this will be the German’s entry point to France. Unexpectedly, German troops already slipped past their defences through the Ardennes Forest, enveloping the Allied forces trapped in Belgium.
This pushed the British and French forces into the coastal port of Dunkirk where the British government evacuated the troops across into the British soil.With the British’ withdrawal, Germans began to creep its way into France. By June, the French was being overrun by German tanks and infantry. And while the British government encouraged its ally to continue to resist at all cost, it kept denying the French requests for military aide to conserve its defense in the near future. With the French losing half of its total military strength, their leaders were forced to sign an armistice with Germany.
Italian invasion of Greece started on October 1940 making its move on the North Africa and regions south of Mediterranean. It marked with early success but later shows difficulty in maintaining it. This forced Hitler to intervene, invading the countries on its path.The fall of France inflicted fear on the citizens of Britain. Using the occupied lands of France, Germany launched aerial attacks on British cities located near the English Channel.
The Battle of Britain was considered as the first military failure of Germany with the Britain’s Royal Air Force dominating the German’s Luftwaffe. This halted their invasion plans on the British Isle, but they continued bombing at night. And before 1941 ends, Hitler began invading Russia.
By the year 1942, Hitler ruled practically all of Europe. Countries were annexed, some under direct order from Germany while others under puppet government. By this time Hitler intended to impose New Order, where millions of people across Europe would be enslaved and transported to be workers in labour camps. Polish priests and intellectuals and Russian political official were killed or executed. Churches and schools were closed. And Jews were transported to concentration camps and exterminated, also known as the Holocaust. And while mass killing of Jews were happening, the final solution took place, as the murders where becoming more systematic to hasten the process.German troops continue to their invasion on the vast country of Russia, stretching its supply line and battling its harsh winter.
As time progressed, Russia’s resistance began to grow. Battles of Stalingrad and Kursk in 1943 marked the turn of tides, forcing the Germans to a full scale retreat in the east. Soviet slowly recaptured their lost lands, after which they chased them into Eastern Europe and finally into the doorsteps of Berlin in 1945.While the eastern side of the German territory is taking an offensive from the Soviet, Allied forces liberated Italy from fascism from Mussolini. A year later, British and its allied forces launched the D-Day invasion, landing on Normandy and pushing its way into Germany. By early 1945, Germany’s capital was bombarded by both the Allied and Soviet troops, destroying almost all its buildings.
By May, Germany surrendered unconditionally. By that time, Hitler was nowhere to be found.The PacificJapan joined the war when it attacked the Pearl Harbour in Hawaii, a naval base of the United States. The next day, the Imperial Japan invaded Guam, Singapore, Malaysia, Hong Kong and the Philippines. These countries fall immediately, with most of the south east Asia in the hands of the Imperial country.It took several months before the U.
S. gets involved in the war militarily, with the Battle of Midway turning the tides of Japan. By 1942 to 1943, allied forces crept its way from the island of Guadalcanal, island hopping into the Philippines so it can strike on the Japanese soil itself. Major fighting included at Leyte, Iwo Jima and Okinawa. And by August of 1945, two atomic bombs were dropped by the United States on Hiroshima and Nagasaki that forced the Japan into unconditional surrender a few days afterward.The World War Two literally stopped the whole world from progressing; the world of art and the intellectual realm was irreversibly damaged. Hundreds of cities were destroyed.
Atomic bomb was created. United States and Soviet achieved a superpower status and United Nation is formed. About 50 million lives were lost and many millions more were destroyed.ReferencesSparkNotes Editors.
(2005). SparkNote on World War II (1939–1945). Retrieved April 22, 2010, from <http://www.
sparknotes.com/history/european/ww2/>History Guide Editors. (2000) The History Guide Lectures of Twentieth Century Europe. Retrieved May 1, 2010, from <http://www.historyguide.org/europe/europe.html>