Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte

Heathcliff does not find peace even after his extreme violent, hateful, and revengeful behavior in reaction to losing his beloved; however, his belief that he and his beloved would have a spiritual reunion in the life hereafter might be true.IntroductionHardly any novels have been analyzed as critically as “Wuthering Heights” by Emily Bronte. It has been scrutinized from all possible psychoanalytical viewpoints; at the same time it has been portrayed as a spiritual novel also.

Generally speaking, it is an account of an anti-hero, named Heathcliff, and his endeavor to take away “Wuthering Heights” from its lawful heirs, Catherine and Hindley Earnshaw. Therefore, in this composite tale of extreme romance, Heathcliff is represented as a cuckoo is successful in disinherit the lawful inheritor to “Wuthering Heights”. Heathcliff’s feeling of revenge is the motivating force behind the plan he has made, nonetheless he deceives irregular indications of love for Haretonwho is a young chap whom he has destroyed.AnalysisThe word “Wuthering” is an idiom used to describe the severity of the climate of Yorkshire, with its full of atmosphere uproar.” (Bronte, 167) The name of the story not only suggests the cottage and its residents but also refers to the impact that Heathcliff’s passion for Catherine has on him and individuals who are near to him. As we move on in the story, we notice that his character becomes consecutively distorted and thus he loses his beloved Catherine. By the time Heathcliff comes back from a cast out forced by him in order to get educated and wealthy the reunion with Catherine slashes his body and spirit even more, and brings destruction to everyone who is around him.

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His eventual revenge was to make Hareton, who was the son of Hindley, undergo the same torture like he did. “Wuthering,” “tumult,” and “stunted growth” relate likewise to nature and humans in this story. However no detestation and hatred as extreme as Heathcliff’s can maintain itself; it burns extremely violently. (Bronte, 169) Once he has taken his revenge as planned, Heathcliff accomplishes his greatest wish which is to unite with his much-loved Catherine. However, this re-union can only take place in the life after death in the spiritual world.“Wuthering Heights” is a complex discovery of what happens when the conventional arrangement of a society is thrown out of equilibrium. As far as the Linton and Earnshaw families are concerned, it is the emergence of Heathcliff, who is the black, strange orphan who puts a series of incidents into action which devastates or threatens to destroy the existence of a lot of characters in the story.

(Miles, 121) Even though it is in no way evidently expressed, there are a few reasons to believe that Heathcliff may possibly be the unlawful child of Mr. Earnshaw, who actually brought him into his own house and claimed to have found the child in Liverpool. Heathcliff posed a great danger to the Earnshaw family since he was very dark and thus was different, aggressive and perhaps a step-sibling to the Earnshaw’s off springs, Catherine and Hindley. This complexity adds up to a more upsetting aspect to the physical, spiritual, and emotional appeal and desire that builds among Catherine and Heathcliff.

Other than the likelihood of breaching the incest taboo is the issue of social category: for the reason that he had a different origin, Heathcliff could by no means fit into the life of the Earnshaw/Linton family unit. However it is on top of all the love and passion that existed between Catherine and Heathcliff that resulted in the destruction of the two families. (Everitt, 59) It is because of the Heathcliff’s misinterpretation of the eavesdropping during the dialogue between Catherine and her nurse, Nelly Dean that makes him go away for exile and ultimately provides him the financial way to influence his vengeance in opposition to the Earnshaws and the Lintons.Whilst Heathcliff comes back to Wuthering Heights after several years’ disappearance, he discovers Catherine and Edgar married to each other. Heathcliff’s rage destroys everything he lays his hands on, from the overlooked child of Hindley and Frances Earnshaw, the aggressive Hareton, to Edgar Linton’s fragile sister, Isabella. Heathcliff’s foremost evident act of vengeance against Catherine and Edgar was to convince and get married to Isabella.

From moment onwards till the time he died several years later, Heathcliff’s rage at losing Catherine destroyed each and every person with whom he came into contact with, which included his wife Isabella, his very own son, Catherine’s daughter, and her cousin.Although both he and Catherine had gotten married, Heathcliff did not let her live in peace. Not satisfied merely to torment his own wife, Isabella, Heathcliff showed violence to Catherine vocally, and his violent behavior caused her to fall sick and pass away shortly, whilst giving delivery to little Cathy. Heathcliff in no way recovered from the loss of Catherine, which remained the cause for his cruel behavior of every person whom he acquaintanced with her. His resentment furthermore directly caused his very own death. (Kavanaugh, 212) Nevertheless, for his violence, hatred, and spite, Heathcliff did not find peace of mind or liberation from pain and misery. He merely succeeded in financially ruining Hindley; take into custody Edgar Linton’s wealth; and producing in youthful Hareton an untaught, aggressive animal.When Heathcliff is close to dying, Bronte once again makes use of the weather to reflect a personality’s inner tumult.

Heathcliff died unaccompanied whilst a storm raged in the region of the Heights. He was afterwards found, a window opened, the insinuation being that Catherine at last came to state that he was all hers’ now. Whilst this sight was the climax scene of the novel, it did not represent the decree of Wuthering Heights, as Bronte gave a conclusion that offered hope in the coming together of Cathy and Hareton Earnshaw.

Cathy tamed Hareton and taugh him to understand writing, and she in addition learned to love and value him. (Kavanaugh, 213) The union of Cathy and Hareton Earnshaw represented a altered version of the love of Catherine and Heathcliff. Catherine herself was unable to have Heathcliff in his lifetime; however her daughter Cathy could hope to put together a fulfilling life with Hareton. Even though Heathcliff and Catherine’s love was not able survive in this lifetime, Bronte implied that the two lovers would at last be together in the life hereafter.An important aspect of the novel “Wuthering Heights” was basically the examination of the meaning of romance. By differentiating the fervent, love between Catherine and Heathcliff with the social set up of marriage, the author argues in the support of individual choice.

Catherine and Heathcliff both claimed that they knew each other like they knew themselves and that they are an essential part of one another. They believed that if one died, the other’s life will diminish greatly. (Davies, 19) This union, nevertheless, was destined to fail till the time they live due to the social restrictions. Heathcliff’s anonymous origin, his poverty, and his being uneducated made him an incompatible partner for a woman, regardless of how open-minded her notions about independence. Bronte implied the likelihood of meeting after death when the people believed they saw the spirits of Heathcliff and Catherine together, however this idea is clearly disagreed by Lockwood’s final declaration in the story, which the dead sleep silently.The intense effect of Romantic poetry on Bronte’s fictional mind is apparent in her depiction of Heathcliff as an anti-hero. This depiction added to the unfeasibility of any joyful coming together of Catherine and Heathcliff till the time they lived.

Heathcliff loomed bigger than life, subjected to extreme violence of sentiments; open to to neither learning nor development. Heathcliff craved for love and considered vengeance as the only means of justice when he is abandoned by other people. Catherine, who was self-occupied and experienced disturbing fits, had less intelligence for self-defense to identify Heathcliff’s mistakes, including his lack of morality. Deciding to get married to Edgar Linton was basically opting for spiritual destruction and disconnection from her other nature, because she saw no other way to reunite her emotional requirement for completeness with the physical support and mental strength that she required. (Davies, 25) She was not capable of earning a living and was reliant on her brother who was wasting the family wealth; she is compelled to agree to the social benefits and lavishness that Edgar offered.Nevertheless traditional type of romance offers no obvious guide to a good marriage moreover; together Edgar and his sister, Isabella, experience a tough time by believing in conventional ideas of love. Edgar did not know Catherine completely, and his effort to take charge of her, forced her very own rebellious self-damage.

Isabella, enthralled by the heroic persona with which Heathcliff is so splendidly gifted, believed that she actually loved him and became a keen prey in his plot of revenge. The ironic statement in relation to the nature and worth of love and a question regarding whether any love can surpass social and natural obstacles still remains unquestioned.ConclusionIn Heathcliff’s lifetime, life was totally hell; it could never be a heaven, however as the next-generation of Earnshaw and Linton offspring raised, free of Heathcliff’s shameful influence, Emily Bronte implies, a spiritual reincarnation is promising.

Wishful thinking is reflected by the end of the story.



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