Zig Ziglar came up with an interesting quote which says that, ‘kids go where there is excitement. They settle where there is affection.’ Generally, this coincides with the reality that young children just like adult people, are social beings.
Love is made up of many elements and the basis on which people will love each other is when they are in good social relations. Children are particularly very sensitive and they can easily identify situations where they feel they are not wanted or where they feel less comfortable. Taking a case where the subsequent door neighbor has a child who happens to be an age mate to another child, say John.
If John at any moment feels that he is not welcome at the other child’s home, he is not going to play with the other child in stead, the boy will go to a far away distant place to find a child with whom they will play. The sensitivity of children to matters of socialization is very high and as Zig Ziglar puts it, children are will not go near any homes where they feel less at peace or less welcome.In the society, it is observable that no single person can stay, live nor operate alone. Every body needs the other person in ensuring their survival. As the common proverb goes, “no man is an island” as we all require each other. The truth of this is based on the fact that there are certain aspects in the life we lead that as individuals, we can not be able to complete on our own; we need to get support from others. As an illustration, a person who has gone for five days without eating any food because he or she lacks the food nor does the person have any money to purchase it. It is natural that the person will steal if he or she is not willing to talk to another individual who can help sort out the situation.
This shows that there will forever be dependence in the struggle to stay alive (Eric 2005).From experience, it has been discovered that children tend to avoid cases where there is no peace and where the environment isn’t pleasant, particularly where it seems like the child feels unwelcome. At the same time, the child will not find it easy to stay where there are no other children within the locality. These children will find it easy to concentrate and be more at peace where there are other children particularly because they will be assured of playmates, in which case play contributes so much to a child’s emotional, physical, psychological and cognitive development and because of this, the assurance of having much fun keeps the children feeling entertained. Naturally, human being tends to be close to each other and everybody loves to have fun. Practically, a child will not take it well when there is any minor show of hatred from an adult or if the child ‘reads’ signs of hatred from an elder or from another young child and the results that they will not want to associate with such people. Zig Ziglar’s quotation corresponds to this, basically illustrating that man is a social being.
Symbolic behavior denotes the ability an individual has in using or in responding back to a particular system. The system usually consists of crucial symbols. According to a view held on symbolic behavior, whether it is an individual person or if it is an organization consisting of many individuals, their development is mainly based on communication.
Communication is essential in that it aids individuals to pass and exchange messages within their environment and hence this way, they get to know what is taking place around them and they also get to understand the best way in which they can deal with the realities in their environment. Symbolic interaction has to do with how the mind of an individual usually develops from the social effects that the person in contact with, hence his or her behavior reaction to another person or thing will be based likewise on how the second party reacts to him or her. In this case, interpretation of what the second party is communicating will determine how the person reacts (Domosh 2001).
This implies that the person will know what is expected of him or her, the necessary reaction and when to react appropriately. In this case, young children will look at the way elders are looking at them hence they will tell whether the elders are happy, annoyed, sad or unhappy and hence these children will react likewise towards them. At school for example, young children learn the school rules and ethics from what the older learners are doing hence they will know that the teacher is an elder person who should be respected and his or her orders are to be followed to the later. This way, the children learn a lot as regards values, ethics, how to communicate to other people and the entire socialization process.The theory by George Herbert Mead called the Social theory is very crucial as far as explaining symbolic behavior is concerned. The theory stipulates that the society is not just a collection of individuals together in stead; people in the society are the ones who decide how the society will be through their daily socialization such that by taking part in activities together, they get to build a positive reliance on one another for their mutual benefit and through this, a culture is established.Every human being is predominantly and extensively socially dependent.
It is true that human beings are likely to invest a lot time in other individuals than they invest in themselves. This is illustrated in a contradicting theory to that presented in George Mead’s theory of social theory, which stipulates that humans do make sacrifices towards satisfying other people. The whole meaning associated with these sacrifices is that the society is more important compared to the individual persons making up that particular society.In fact, one writer says that most individuals who claim to possess a degree of social independence actually reached this level unconsciously.
The writer in fact insists that the more loyal and popular that an individual becomes to his or her otherwise untrustworthy friends, the more social and prosperous they become. It is also true that social currency is likely to be more expensive and more valuable compared to monetary value. When we talk about the price associated with socialization, most people, though they may be financially affluent, they remain to be socially poor, because money can only purchase luxuries but it can not buy social worth, in which case they hardly enjoy nor do they reap the fruits of love, security nor friendship (Sanchez 2000).Corsaro and Rizzo came up with a worthwhile conclusion regarding children’s habit or culture that explained that neither adults nor parents have absolutely no role to play in the socialization process of children. Their argument is founded on the fact that neither the parents nor the elders can tell a child’s social development in stead, the children’s peer group will. This social development can be determined by way of language analysis; particularly when these children are interacting with persons of their age.
Relating to this fact that language development in children is very crucial in studying their socialization process, there is need to consider the entire language development process. Some children learn to be bilingual or even multilingual. McLaughlin explains the fact that language is basically learned with utilitarian intentions, to help the young children pick up and distinguish sounds and hence discriminate the parent’s sound from that of other people. The discrimination of sounds basically continues as the child grows until the environment starts when the sounds are brought together, a functional vocabulary is developed. This functional vocabulary is the one that plays a major role in the systematic language development, such this language development is systematic, it is symbolic in nature and it also forms a basis of social interaction.
When the social relations take place together with the necessary meaning accompanying it, then along with other children, there will be child development (McLaughlin 1989).Considering the linguistic potential of the young children, it is very important to put into consideration the various factors which lead to the child’s language development. The first factor is the type of input received by the child in language acquisition such that if there is a very sensitive input I the process, then it equally affects language development. a second factor is that of functions relating to the utterance that the child makes.
Lastly, the particular context in which this conversion takes place is extremely important in the development of the child’s language and thereupon, with the development of language, conversation becomes possible. Communication matters so much in the socialization process.Representation behavior in children has to do with the way a child attempts to interpret the environment and world in which they are living by assigning mental images so that they can understand the environment better. In this case, there is mental representation of every item, person or situation that the child comes across; hence they tend to generalize everything they come in contact with in terms of the mental pictures or representations for easier understanding.Representation formalism usually encodes not only the linguistic but also the planning knowledge. it also is key in interpretation of language instructions. The representations which can be in terms of graphical representations and drawings require that the individual must be able to communicate well.
Communication on the other hand is possible only if the person has passed through the steps of language development which are basically discussed in the section of symbolic behavior.Since representation behavior is mainly mind driven, it is closely related to cognitive psychology. Cognitive psychology is essential in providing a vivid explanation as regards human thoughts.
It clearly explains the fact that human will attempt to understand the environment in which they are living, by way of forming mental pictures to represent the world they are living. This could take the form of mental models to represent objects in the environment, the order in which events are taking place in the environment. Psychological as well as social actions taking place in the daily life of a human being, the current standing of affairs are also represented in the form of mental models, otherwise known as representations, which are basically constructions within the human mind to attempt to organize then restructure particular domain knowledge.These mental models give human beings the ability to interact with various instruments in the world they live in and they also aid in the making of inferences. For example, if a young child is denied an object that they wanted to play with, will infer from the formation of mental models that the adult is mean or that the object is reserved for use by grown ups only.
An interaction with a sharp razor blade will make the child to infer that in interacting with such tools in the environment, the child will get to understand that not all every tool in the environment is safe to interact with. These mental representations are dependent on the type of activity or task ahead to be dealt with, particularly because it is based upon the ability of an individual to cage the event being encountered presently based on the experience they had originally regarding the same situation. An example is where a child is cut by a razor blade hence the next time the child sees a razor blade, they will remember the cut hence they are likely to avoid taking it since the mental image formed in the mind is for something that will cause injury and harm.Mental images can be studied through psychological representations, protocol analysis and also by developmental studies.
Thinking loud and verbal protocols can also provide evidence regarding what a child is thinking, like when the child is talking alone wherever they are seated alone or when they are walking on their own.Mental representations are useful in a number of ways. They are useful in the acquisition of knowledge and information related to varied behavioral areas including writing, language as well as creativity and sociality of a person. It gives the individual, including a child, the ability to grasp information by generalizing through mental images, hence they understand more. These representations can as well be in the form of drawings (Gentner 2001).The other useful cognitive instrument is graphical representation. These have the advantage of aiding in developing thinking modalities, which have more content and can help a lot in evaluating what the person had learned previously.
Drawings are good examples of this. When a child sees a drawing, it can be able to relate the idea being represented on the drawing and the characteristics that only belong to certain, peculiar objects. Graphical representations are hence very much useful in verifying the knowledge that a child has or possesses on a particular topic, and if they had been taught something, the teacher can test how much the child understands regarding the topic.Clive Bell came up with the formalism theory.
This theory is based on the simple logic that for any form of art that a person is viewing, an emotion is always produced. This emotion that is produced is the same in all the people and is called aesthetic emotion hence art works proving to have a common yet significant factor. Art also happens to be a crucial and essential component in assisting children learn and understand and it comprises such forms as shapes, lines as well as colors, the paintings and curves (Shango 2004).Drawings, which are also part of representations, stimulate the students so much as they get the chance to draw and approve or disapprove their own efforts, they also encourage the child to be more creative, to come up with new ideas to improve on their diagrams.
These diagrams are also important in training the children to analyze situations and in synthesis, which is the restructuring of parts that are represented. It thus is much easier to understand concepts since these concepts are more of external thinking ways, with more knowledge being kept, not only in the child’s memory but also in other external storage places, like in graphical representations and drawings. Graphical representations are also used by teachers and other adults in charge of the children in determining their performance.