First, and physical trauma. Second, I agree

First, I agree with the banning of international adoption in Ethiopia sp it safer for the children. As mentioned earlier, one of the causes of the banning is the case where the American couple abused their adopted children. In this case, it involved the abuse of Hana Williams. For three years, Hana Williams was abused by her parents and died of hypothermia in 2011. With mud covering her face, she died hungry, alone, and naked. Her adopted brother, who also from Ethiopia, was involved in the abuse (Branigin,2018) However, this is not the only case in which the foster parents have abused their adopted children. In 2014, ex-prosecutor Douglas Barbour and his wife Kristien Barbour were reported to maltreating their five-year-old son and thirteen-month-old daughter. This five-year-old son was ten pounds underweight and he had skin lesions from wearing urine soaked clothing. On the other hand, the thirteen-month-old daughter had head trauma and other physical ailments (Cavaliere,2014) With the banning of international adoption, this can protect these children and prevent possible abuses that can lead to possible psychological and physical trauma. Second, I agree with the banning of international adoption because Ethiopia needs to fix their adoption industry. Since Ethiopia has one of the largest adoption centers, the demand for children has been increasing which resulted locals have been dubbing the adoption a “new export industry”(Ugboaja,2010) Since 2011, American families have adopted over five thousand five hundred Ethiopian children. On the other hand, Spanish families adopted one thousand two hundred Ethiopian children between 2010 to 2011 (“Ethiopia blocks adoptions, leaves parents stranded – The East African,” 2017) As a result of such increase of demand, stories of corruption, fraud, and child trafficking or child harvesting have been increasing. One instance of such incidents is six-year-old Ethiopian girl, Dassie, was claimed to be an orphan by the agency. Once Dassie learned English, she inquired the woman who adopted her, Terri Hambruch, “Why did you adopt me?” Once Hambruch explained that Terri’s parents passed away, Dassie immediately replied “No. My family’s not dead” (Nicol,2009) Another instance is Betty Lub, a fourteen-year-old Ethiopian girl who was adopted by a Dutch Family. Her adoption files were full of errors as the files gave the wrong age and stated that her parents died (“Ethiopian Adoptee Wins Legal Case to Revoke Adoption,” 2013) Moreover, these frauds lead Denmark to ban adoptions from Ethiopia in 2016 (Quackenbush,2018) With these frauds and corruption within the industry, Ethiopia needs to fix such corruption by inspecting and to evaluate whether the business is certified to hold up adoption. In addition, I believe that the banning can lead to good as businesses that do child harvesting and or child trafficking for adoption will lead to declining as the demand for adoption completely halts.

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