In the movies memento Leonard issearching for the man who isresponsible for the rape and murder of his wife. The difficult partof his search is the fact that he suffers from a rare, untreatable form ofmemory loss, known as amines.
Although he can recall details of life before his accident,Leonard would not remember what happened three minutes ago, such as where he’sgoing, or why and who he met or even spoke to .(Christopher Nolan, March 16, 2001) The idea of this film came from thedisorder anterograde amnesia; the study of implicit memory is rooted in the study of amnesia. Amnesiais a brain injury that causes memory loss. Amnesia occurs because there isdamaged to the medial temporal lobe which also effects the hippocampus and surrounding areas thatis associated with amnesia. Bothimplicit memory and Amnesia are linked together. For implicit memory, there is a test thatrequires you to think back to the past, but they reveal the after-effects of aprior experience.
The reason the test is given to the patient thathave Amnesia. As I have already stated in the paragraph I name one of the forms of amnesia which is called anterograde. There are two type of memories that are retrograde and anterograde, but they are defined differently and even have different aspects.Retrograde amnesia refers to the lossof memory for events that occurred prior to brain damage; memory for the events tend to recover over time. (Christopher Nolan, March 16, 2001) There are some patients who have lost memory for events from the distant past, but they often also have anterograde. Anterograde amnesia is theinability to form new memory episodic memories. Patients can sometimes tell youabout events from the past however they cannot form new memories. Some aspects of the movie wereaccurate such as when Leonard meets somebody; he does not remember who they are orthe conversation they had prior to them meeting threeminutes ago.
Leonard remembers who heis and who his wife was and the personthat killed her. One clip in the movieshowed when he was at Natalie’s house, she got him upset and he punched her in the face. He tried to find a pen sothat he would be able to write down what had happened, but she took all of thepens from the house because she did not want him to remember what he did.
Leonard kept saying that he has a condition, and the man from the motel asked Leonard if he has amnesia,however Leonard said no it’s different from that and he has a faulty memory. He knows everything about himself but he can form new memories, and the memories fade away from him. (Christopher Nolan, March 16, 2001) Leonard’s wife got assaulted in the bathroom and she recovered from the assault. Teddy was the undercover cop that helped Leonard and scared the thieves away when one of the men hit Leonard on the head.
Some things in the movie that were not accurate was that Leonard was using any piece that he would find in his head and fill the gap inhis stories. Leonard used Sammy as an excuse to make up stories, but everything about Sammy was actually what happened in Leonard’s life. Leonard’s wife had diabetes and he killed her with insulin, even though Sammy was an con-artist but he did not have a wife. Even though Teddy helped Leonard kill the man that assaulted his wife, Leonard still thought needed to find the man that killed his wife.( Christopher Nolan, March 16, 200)Living with Amnesia would be a very difficult thing to live with. A person can remember what happened in their lives before they had an accident and are able to form new memories, but it’s very sad for loved ones that are related to the person with Amnesia. Within this case,Amnesia patients’ short-term memory is very short and their long-term memory isabout three minutes long. After three minutes, an Amnesia patient could not remember the words that was said or even given to them by their doctor or family member.
ExplainingAmnesia prior to the groundbreaking research in the 1970, was by the two-store modal model. Amnesia was thought to be a failure to transfer items from short-term to long-term. The problem has nothing to do with encoding but had everything to do with retrieval. There are four ways amnesiacs can be tested and those tests that can be given to amnesic patients are free call, recognition, word-stemcompletion, and degraded wordidentification. Two of the tests are associated with explicit test, which are free call and recognition.Meanwhile the two other tests are also associated with implicit testing. Thereare several ways to test retention of an event without requiring conscious recollectionof the event. Examples are word stem completion and word fragment completion.
Retention of the past can be expressed manyways. Explicit and implicit tests differ in the term of whatever or not you are asked to consciously think back to the past. Amnesic patients have severe deficits in remembering the past, butthey can express retention of the past on implicit memory tests.
The Leonard from the movie memento is also similar to another man by the name K.C. we watch this video on sixty minute, given us an example, of how Anterograde Amnesia patients are affect by the diseases.
He had Anterograde Amnesia, the inability to form new memory, and to take information from short-term is very short it just takes three minutes long.K.C. can count from one to eight after three minutes. K.C. could not rememberthe words that he was given to him by Doctor Endel Tulving(. Sixty minutes documentaryvideo) With an Anterograde Amnesia.
K.C. was a patient studied by Endel Tulving;K.
C. was in a motorcycle accident which caused Anterograde Amnesia and he has damage to a number of the brain regions, including the medial temporal lobes. In the followingvideos that we watched in class, we noticed what K.C. can and cannot do,however, he remembers things from his past before the accident. K.
C. rememberhow to change a car tired and used to have motorcycle. With that same motorcycle he had the accident with; before he lost his memory and could not form new memories to Anterograde Amnesia. (Sixtyminutes documentary video)