In Leonard if he has amnesia, however Leonard

Topic: ArtMovies
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Last updated: June 2, 2019

In the movies memento Leonard issearching for the man who   isresponsible for the rape and murder  of   his wife. The difficult partof his search is the fact that he suffers from a rare, untreatable form ofmemory loss, known as amines.

Although he can recall details of life before his accident,Leonard would not remember what happened three minutes ago, such as where he’sgoing, or why and who he met or even spoke to .(Christopher Nolan, March 16, 2001) The idea of this film came from thedisorder anterograde amnesia; the study of implicit memory is rooted   in the study   of amnesia.  Amnesiais a brain injury that causes memory loss. Amnesia occurs because there isdamaged   to   the medial temporal lobe which also effects   the hippocampus and surrounding areas thatis associated with amnesia.  Bothimplicit memory and Amnesia are linked together. For implicit memory, there is a test thatrequires you to think back to the past, but they reveal the after-effects of aprior experience.

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  The   reason the test is given to the patient thathave Amnesia. As I have already stated   in  the paragraph I  name one  of  the forms of amnesia  which  is called  anterograde.  There are  two  type of  memories   that are  retrograde  and anterograde,  but  they are  defined differently  and even  have  different aspects.Retrograde amnesia refers  to the lossof  memory  for events  that  occurred prior  to brain  damage; memory  for the  events  tend to recover over  time. (Christopher Nolan, March 16, 2001) There are some patients  who have  lost  memory for events  from  the distant past,  but they  often also have  anterograde. Anterograde amnesia is theinability to form new memory episodic memories. Patients can sometimes tell youabout events from the past however they cannot form new memories. Some aspects of the movie wereaccurate such as when   Leonard    meets somebody;  he does  not  remember   who  they  are  orthe  conversation they  had  prior to them meeting  threeminutes ago.

   Leonard remembers who heis and who his wife was    and the personthat killed her. One clip in  the movieshowed when he  was  at Natalie’s house,  she got  him  upset and  he  punched her  in  the  face.  He tried to find a pen sothat he would be able to write down what had happened, but she took all of thepens from the house because she did not want him to remember what he did.

  Leonard kept saying that  he has  a  condition, and  the  man from  the  motel asked Leonard if he has amnesia,however Leonard said  no  it’s different  from that   and     he  has a faulty  memory. He knows     everything  about himself  but  he can  form  new memories,  and  the memories fade  away from  him. (Christopher Nolan, March 16, 2001) Leonard’s  wife got  assaulted in  the bathroom  and  she recovered  from  the assault. Teddy  was  the undercover  cop  that helped Leonard  and scared  the   thieves away  when one  of the  men  hit Leonard on  the  head.

Some things in the movie that  were  not accurate  was  that Leonard  was  using any piece  that  he would  find  in his  head  and fill  the  gap  inhis  stories.  Leonard used Sammy   as an excuse  to make  up  stories,  but  everything  about Sammy  was  actually what happened in Leonard’s  life. Leonard’s   wife had diabetes  and  he killed  her with  insulin, even though  Sammy  was an con-artist  but  he  did not  have  a wife.  Even  though Teddy  helped  Leonard kill  the  man  that  assaulted his  wife, Leonard still thought needed  to  find the  man  that killed  his  wife.( Christopher Nolan, March 16, 200)Living  with Amnesia  would  be  a  very difficult   thing  to live  with.  A person  can  remember what  happened  in their  lives  before  they   had  an accident and are able to form new  memories,  but it’s  very  sad for  loved  ones that  are  related to  the  person with Amnesia. Within this  case,Amnesia  patients’  short-term memory  is very  short  and their  long-term memory isabout  three  minutes long. After   three minutes,  an Amnesia  patient  could not  remember  the words  that  was  said  or  even given  to  them by their  doctor   or family  member.

ExplainingAmnesia  prior  to the  groundbreaking  research in  the  1970, was by  the  two-store modal model.  Amnesia was thought to be a failure to transfer items from short-term   to long-term.  The problem has  nothing to  do  with encoding but  had  everything to  do  with retrieval. There are  four ways  amnesiacs  can be  tested  and those   tests  that can  be  given to amnesic patients  are  free call, recognition,  word-stemcompletion, and degraded  wordidentification. Two of the tests are   associated with explicit test, which are free call and recognition.Meanwhile the two other tests are also associated with implicit testing. Thereare several ways to test retention of an event without requiring conscious recollectionof the event. Examples are word stem completion and word fragment completion.

 Retention of the past can be expressed manyways. Explicit  and  implicit tests  differ in the  term of  whatever or  not you  are asked to consciously think back  to  the past. Amnesic patients have severe deficits in remembering the past, butthey can express retention of the past on implicit memory tests.

The  Leonard from  the  movie memento is  also  similar to  another  man  by  the  name K.C. we watch  this video  on  sixty minute, given  us  an example, of  how   Anterograde Amnesia  patients are affect  by the  diseases.

  He had Anterograde  Amnesia, the inability  to  form new  memory, and  to take  information  from short-term is  very  short it just  takes three minutes long.K.C. can count from one to eight after three minutes. K.C. could not rememberthe words that he was given to him   by Doctor   Endel Tulving(. Sixty minutes documentaryvideo) With an Anterograde Amnesia.

 K.C. was a patient studied by Endel Tulving;K.

C.  was in  a  motorcycle accident which  caused Anterograde  Amnesia and he  has damage  to  a number of  the  brain regions, including  the  medial temporal lobes. In the followingvideos that we watched in class, we noticed what K.C. can and cannot do,however, he remembers things from his past before the accident. K.

C. rememberhow to change a car tired and used to have motorcycle.  With that  same  motorcycle he  had  the accident  with;  before he  lost  his memory and  could  not form  new  memories to Anterograde Amnesia.  (Sixtyminutes documentary video)

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