What is civilization
actually? Everything surrounding us is a part of civilization, to be accurate.
The idea of civilization has been developed gradually by the passage of time.
Until the 1860 humans history developed in basically three distinct epochs:
ancient, medieval and modern. However after the evolve of Islam after the
prophet Muhammad(pbuh) has significantly changed the way of civilization in
many parts of the world and it has significant effect to the contribution of
Islamic civilization to European science and technology. The Quran itself
encouraged the believers to accumulate knowledge. Let us have a look at the
following verses in Surah Al-‘Alaq. “Read in the name of your Lord Who
created. He created man from a clot. Read and your Lord is the Most
Honorable. Who taught by the pen. Taught man what he knew not.” (Qur’an 96:1-5).
Islam makes seeking knowledge as a religious duty upon the Muslims. If someone
gives time to seek knowledge with a good intention of benifiting oneself and
the people, it will be like one kind of Ibadah for him which is like perfroming
additional prayers or fasting. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “Seeking
Knowledge is an obligation on every Muslim.” (Ahmed) .
After Muslims conquering Spain the civilization took tremendous
turn as the practice of science and technology in these area were developed as
high which started a new era in the history of science, technology and civilization.
It was said during that time that the whole Europe was in dark while Spain was
lighting like the only hope of civilization in that particular period of time.
The established Islamic Empire across the Middle East, Central
Asia, and North Africa. Some part of India and Europe from the 8th
century and onwards generated significant contributions towards the field of
mathematics. They were able to collect and combined the mathematical
development of both India and Greece, which was likely to make a new era on the
field of science and technology. It is said that the Golden Age of Islamic
science and mathematics flourished throughout the medival period from the 9th
to 15th century. The Muslims were lucky enough to have some of the
greatest mathematicians of all time like Al-Khwarizmi, Al-Kindi, Al-Karaji, Al-
Battani and Al-Biruni.
Different sectors in the field of science were developed like
mathematics, medicine, astronomy, weaponry, philosophy,
musical instruments, architectural development and many other part of science
and technology. We are going to have some brief observation in the field of
math, which has been developed by many Muslim mathematician all over the world
for a long period of time and still now we are having the fruit of their
inventions and discoveries. Their knowledge still has a great influence over
our current civilization in many aspects.