Introduction: What is civilizationactually? Everything surrounding us is a part of civilization, to be accurate.The idea of civilization has been developed gradually by the passage of time.
Until the 1860 humans history developed in basically three distinct epochs:ancient, medieval and modern. However after the evolve of Islam after theprophet Muhammad(pbuh) has significantly changed the way of civilization inmany parts of the world and it has significant effect to the contribution ofIslamic civilization to European science and technology. The Quran itselfencouraged the believers to accumulate knowledge. Let us have a look at thefollowing verses in Surah Al-‘Alaq. “Read in the name of your Lord Whocreated. He created man from a clot. Read and your Lord is the MostHonorable. Who taught by the pen.
Taught man what he knew not.” (Qur’an 96:1-5).Islam makes seeking knowledge as a religious duty upon the Muslims. If someonegives time to seek knowledge with a good intention of benifiting oneself andthe people, it will be like one kind of Ibadah for him which is like perfromingadditional prayers or fasting.
The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “SeekingKnowledge is an obligation on every Muslim.” (Ahmed) .After Muslims conquering Spain the civilization took tremendousturn as the practice of science and technology in these area were developed ashigh which started a new era in the history of science, technology and civilization.
It was said during that time that the whole Europe was in dark while Spain waslighting like the only hope of civilization in that particular period of time.The established Islamic Empire across the Middle East, CentralAsia, and North Africa. Some part of India and Europe from the 8thcentury and onwards generated significant contributions towards the field ofmathematics. They were able to collect and combined the mathematicaldevelopment of both India and Greece, which was likely to make a new era on thefield of science and technology. It is said that the Golden Age of Islamicscience and mathematics flourished throughout the medival period from the 9thto 15th century. The Muslims were lucky enough to have some of thegreatest mathematicians of all time like Al-Khwarizmi, Al-Kindi, Al-Karaji, Al-Battani and Al-Biruni.
Different sectors in the field of science were developed likemathematics, medicine, astronomy, weaponry, philosophy,musical instruments, architectural development and many other part of scienceand technology. We are going to have some brief observation in the field ofmath, which has been developed by many Muslim mathematician all over the worldfor a long period of time and still now we are having the fruit of theirinventions and discoveries. Their knowledge still has a great influence overour current civilization in many aspects.