Introduction the teachers and coaches helps the children

Introduction

Sport pedagogy is the study of the place where sport
and education come together. Sport pedagogy is also a process about the
teachers and coaches helps the children or young people to learn about the
pedagogical knowledge and skills effectively. Sport pedagogy has 3 complex
dimensions which is knowledge in content, learners and learning,
teachers/teaching and coaches/coaching. Knowledge in content means the sport
knowledge taught, coached or learned is depends on a range of historical,
political, economic and social factors. Next, learners and learning is the core
of sport pedagogy which is needed to learn theories furthermore to have an
understanding of diversity. About teachers/teaching and coach/coaching, the
necessary step in providing positive sport experiences for learners with
diverse needs is the development of effective career-long professional learning
for teachers and coach.

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The importance of sport pedagogy

            Sport
pedagogy is important to maintain physical stamina and also about the habit of
obedience, discipline, the determination to win, will power. Sport pedagogy helps learner to become more creative
against the contextual of sport coaching style so coaches and instructors can
make change for their training program with applying the knowledge of sport
science to prevent sport injury and increase the fitness of athletes.

In
this respect, education by and in sport refers to the proper education in order
to perform as a person, a (elite) athlete, as pupil in a training, a match, the
physical education lesson, at the sport club, at school and thereby one expects
an effect for the society (see also Buisman, 2004). “Sport has the power…”
(quote Nelson Mandela). In this respect, sport is often regarded as the third
educational environment, in addition to family and school (e.g. Schreuder,
Valkestjin, & Mewissen, 2008).

                    Sport
pedagogy studies to knowing oneself as establishing self-awareness and
self-confidence of a coach to plan the sports and training activities. There
are respectively for a person to knowing oneself. Personality is related to the
study of learning definite knowledge about oneself. The formation of skills and
qualities is important to explain the competent and purposeful analysis for
finding oneself of own professional and human dignities and shortcomings.
Sports
pedagogy provides standard knowledge in its prevailing part which is the
correct activities about the respective situations described. Coaches will then
develop additionally in different knowledge with variety of sports educations.
Thereby, the skills and habits for seeking new knowledge, for finding new solutions,
creating original products of the theory and methodology of the sport
competitive activity are established. Study in sport pedagogy can build up
personal moral value and aesthetic in sport.

 

 

 

 

Learning theory for effective
learning practice

Learning is the process how a people expertise and
gaining the knowledge. There are some learning theories that are effective for
learning practice which are behaviorism, cognitivism, constructism.

Behaviorisms believe through the associations
between stimuli and responses will learn the new behavior or changes in
behavior. And they also believe the knowledge will exist independently and
outside of people. Behaviorism theorist define that learning of the learner
will react to the stimulus with some sort of response when a cue of stimulus
from then environment is presented. The result of something will be effected
the behavior. For an example, when study for a test and getting a good result
in a test will affect the behavior. The new behavior pattern can learn and do
it automatically through a repeatedly practice. Having a verbal reinforcement
to a learner will beneficial they work more hardly and inceptively learning. For
the example, the coaches or teachers saying ‘good job’ to a learner when they
are doing a right thing or getting good performance, will boost learner’s
confident and improve their behavior. The learners are prepared for recall of
basic facts, automatic responses or performing tasks in this theory.

For the cognitivism, it means based on the thought
process behind the behavior. Cognitivism more affected by the internal process
rather than by external circumstance. In this learning theory, cognitivism pay
more on attention to what they think rather than observable behavior. For an
example, learners playing a game will help them create new strategy and build
up self-confident to solve the problem. In this theory, learning is the change
of knowledge in mind not change in behavior.

Constructism means the people who learning something
based on their individual experiences and internal knowledge only. This kind of
learners will solve the problem through their individual experiences and own
idea. Therefore, if the learners want to successful, they should adjust their
mental models to accommodate new experiences. Collaborative learning is a good way
to help learners gain different knowledge and idea from different people.

This three learning theories are very important to
understanding. Learners need to decide and apply any theory and strategies in
learning. We have to consider the knowledge of learners, the thoughts
processing demands and the desired outcome which generation the new ideas or
single answer.

A perfect pedagogy for teachers and
coaches

            The literature suggests that, despite some challenges
in their implementation, player or athlete-centred, inquiry-based approaches to
teaching games and coaching team sport can improving game playing ability,
increase players or athletes motivation and provide positive affective
experiences of learning. A range of these approaches, Teaching Games for
Understanding (TGfU), Game Sense, Play Practice and the Tactical-Decision Learning
Model, there are share in common to be referred as game-based or game-centred
approaches with their own different detail. Dialogue, reflection and purposeful
social are the central role of these. There are interaction playing in
facilitating learning and the deep understanding that they can promote. These
approaches are widely referred to as instructional models for teaching and
coaching consideration because they are sharing common pedagogy features to
create possibilities for promoting the same positive learning outcomes in
sports beyond team games. In this article, we examine the concept of Positive
Pedagogy as an extension of Game Sense pedagogy beyond games and team sports to
explore what it has to offer coaching across a range of sports.

 

Model based practice

Model-based
practice (MBP) defined as the alternative approaches to teaching in physical
education. One of the difficulties with this approach is that physical
educators have sought to use it to achieve diverse and sometimes competing
educational benefits, and these wide-ranging aspirations are rarely if ever
achieved. Models-based practice offers a possible resolution to these problems
by limiting the range of learning outcomes, subject matter and teaching
strategies appropriate to each pedagogical model and thus the arguments that
can be used for educational value. There are two examples are provided in this
article to support a case for educational value. This case is built on an
examination of one established pedagogical model, Sport Education, which is
informed by perspective on ethics.  Next,
i consider Physical Literacy which I suggest is an existentialist philosophical
perpective that could form the basis of a new pedagogical model. It is argued,
in conclusion, the means to facilitate a wide range of diverse individual and
social educational ‘goods’.

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