Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University), Bihar NalandaNalandaNalandaNalanda Mahavihara or commonly known as Nalanda University in Bihar is the second world heritage site recognised by UNESCO. It is Buddhist monastery as well as a point of enlightenment from 3rd century BCE to 13th century CE. The renowned era itself speaks about as one walk in the corridor consisting of the stupas, viharas and shrines which are beautifully preserved.
Nalanda itself has been impeccable about Buddhism as a religion and has addressed it’s teachings for over 800 years. Scholars from all over the world, including the countries like China, Tibet, Korea and Central Asia were the part of the illustrious Vedic learning. Therefore Nalanda has marked itself as one the World Heritage Site. Capitol Complex, Chandigarh Capitol Complex, is situated in Sector 1 of Chandigarh. It is not only the astonishing architectural work of Le Corbusier but it even comprises of the Legislative assembly for both the states of Punjab and Haryana, the Secretariat and High Court building.
It was built in around 1950s after the independence when Chandigarh was declared as the capital of Punjab and newly carved state of Haryana. The building has the modernist paragon of Le Corbusier’s work in early half of the 20th century. Rani Ki Vav, Patan, Gujarat Rani ki vav, another world heritage site was constructed in 3rd century BC in the commemoration of the kings and exhibiting the Prehistoric Indian architecture. During the reign of Solanki dynasty it was built in the honour of Bhimdev 1, who was the ancestor of this dynasty, by his widowed wife, Udayamati. It is prominent because of it’s stepped corridors, sculptures and stone carvings in the well. The sculptures are mostly dedicated to Lord Vishnu in his 10 avatars which symbolizes his return to the world. It was announced as the Heritage Site in 2014 because of it’s astonishing architectural feature.
The construction of Rani ki vav is also unique. It is an inverted temple and the well has seven levels in total. Each level will denote it’s importance as per the mythological beliefs and religious work.
Group of Monuments at Hampi, Karnataka Hampi, a small village which resides in the northern part of Karnataka. It is marked by various ruins of temple complex from the kingdom of Vijaynagar. The ruins delineate about the Dravidian style of art and architecture which is one of the influential feature of South India.
This world heritage site comprises of various monuments which is why it is popularly known as ‘Group of Monuments at Hampi’. The Virupaksha Temple is one the crucial heritage site. The others monuments which are incorporated in it are the Krishna Temple Complex, Hemakuta group of temples, Achyutarya temple complex, Narasimha, Ganesha, Vitthala temple complex, lotus Mahal comllex, pattabhirama temple complex and so on. There are bazaars or local markets neighbouring these complex with residential areas as well as quarters.