Outside the Swan, the Globe and the Fortune.

Outside of London was centred theatrical life,
because the theatre was banned. It was because of action to stop spreading
plague inside the city. Companies were touring all over England to perform
plays. English companies even travelled to perform English plays abroad. The
success of English Renaissance drama was resulted in establishing large and
profitable public theatres. When theatres started to be in running, drama was
fixed and permanent. The Building of The Theatre was an initiating development.
In 1567, theatre the Red Lion was opened but it in short time of period it
failed. In 1576, in Shoreditch, The Theatre was built by James Burbage. After
finishing building The Theatre, there was rapid development of theatres like
the Rose, the Swan, the Globe and the Fortune. All the London
theatres had their individual differences. It was found out by archaeological
excavations, which were found on the foundations of the Globe and the Rose.
Every theatre had very similar plan. The public theatres were three stories
high, and built around an open space at the centre. Plan of theatres usually
had an overall rounded effect with three levels of gallery, which was facing
inward, overlooked the open centre. In the opened centre, stage was standing
there. The stage was surrounded on three sides by the audience and only the
back wall was restricted for the entrances and exits of the actors and the musicians.
The upper level behind the stage was used as a balcony, in Antony and Cleopatra
or in Romeo and Juliet. It was used also for a position from which an actor
could harangue a crowd, e.g. as in Julius Caesar. Theatres were usually built of timber, lath, and plaster
and with thatched roofs. The early theatres were possible to get caught on
fire.  And if they got caught on fire,
there was usually a needed reconstruction with stronger structures. Every
theatre had individual characteristics in their construction, e.g. flint
stones, which were used to build the Swan. In June 1613, the Globe was burned
down and it was rebuilt with a tile roof. In December 1621, the Fortune was
burned down in December 1621, it was rebuilt with brick. The Blackfriars
Theatre was a different model of theatre, because of the opened roof to the
sky. It looked like a modern theatre in ways that its predecessors never
thought about it. People, who were living in London
at that time got to choose from six theatres. Londoners could visit large
open-air public theatres such as the Globe, the Fortune, the Red Bull, or they
could visit smaller private theatres e.g. the Blackfriars, the Cockpit, and the
Salisbury Court. Marlowes’ and Shakespeares’
plays were being performed on a regular basis in the public theatres, but their
newest works were played only in the private theatres. The total capacity of
theatres in London was about 5000 people in audience, but with building new
theatres and formatting new companies, the capacity was increased into 10,000
people. In 1580, the poorest citizens could purchase a ticket only for a penny
to the Curtain or the Theatre. For exactly the same price their counterparts
could buy a ticket to the Globe, the Cockpit, or the Red Bull in 1640.  Due to inflation prices of tickets were five
or even six times higher at the private theatres. The price of a ticket was
based on where a person wished to be seated in the theatre, or based on what a
person could afford. If people wanted a better view of the stage or to be more
separate from the crowd, they would pay more money at their entrance.



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