Outside the Swan, the Globe and the Fortune.

Topic: ArtTheatre
Sample donated:
Last updated: May 3, 2019

Outside of London was centred theatrical life,because the theatre was banned. It was because of action to stop spreadingplague inside the city. Companies were touring all over England to performplays. English companies even travelled to perform English plays abroad.

Thesuccess of English Renaissance drama was resulted in establishing large andprofitable public theatres. When theatres started to be in running, drama wasfixed and permanent. The Building of The Theatre was an initiating development.In 1567, theatre the Red Lion was opened but it in short time of period itfailed.

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In 1576, in Shoreditch, The Theatre was built by James Burbage. Afterfinishing building The Theatre, there was rapid development of theatres likethe Rose, the Swan, the Globe and the Fortune. All the Londontheatres had their individual differences. It was found out by archaeologicalexcavations, which were found on the foundations of the Globe and the Rose.Every theatre had very similar plan. The public theatres were three storieshigh, and built around an open space at the centre.

Plan of theatres usuallyhad an overall rounded effect with three levels of gallery, which was facinginward, overlooked the open centre. In the opened centre, stage was standingthere. The stage was surrounded on three sides by the audience and only theback wall was restricted for the entrances and exits of the actors and the musicians.The upper level behind the stage was used as a balcony, in Antony and Cleopatraor in Romeo and Juliet. It was used also for a position from which an actorcould harangue a crowd, e.g. as in Julius Caesar. Theatres were usually built of timber, lath, and plasterand with thatched roofs.

The early theatres were possible to get caught onfire.  And if they got caught on fire,there was usually a needed reconstruction with stronger structures. Everytheatre had individual characteristics in their construction, e.g. flintstones, which were used to build the Swan.

In June 1613, the Globe was burneddown and it was rebuilt with a tile roof. In December 1621, the Fortune wasburned down in December 1621, it was rebuilt with brick. The BlackfriarsTheatre was a different model of theatre, because of the opened roof to thesky. It looked like a modern theatre in ways that its predecessors neverthought about it.

People, who were living in Londonat that time got to choose from six theatres. Londoners could visit largeopen-air public theatres such as the Globe, the Fortune, the Red Bull, or theycould visit smaller private theatres e.g.

the Blackfriars, the Cockpit, and theSalisbury Court. Marlowes’ and Shakespeares’plays were being performed on a regular basis in the public theatres, but theirnewest works were played only in the private theatres. The total capacity oftheatres in London was about 5000 people in audience, but with building newtheatres and formatting new companies, the capacity was increased into 10,000people. In 1580, the poorest citizens could purchase a ticket only for a pennyto the Curtain or the Theatre. For exactly the same price their counterpartscould buy a ticket to the Globe, the Cockpit, or the Red Bull in 1640.  Due to inflation prices of tickets were fiveor even six times higher at the private theatres.

The price of a ticket wasbased on where a person wished to be seated in the theatre, or based on what aperson could afford. If people wanted a better view of the stage or to be moreseparate from the crowd, they would pay more money at their entrance.

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