PoliticalCourage Essay Courage is defined as a state, a quality of mind or spirit that enables one to face hisfears. Whether it is something difficult for most people to do or somethingpersonal that hinders one’s life, it is difficult to have courage due to fearthat tries to triumph over courage and confidence. Courage is often perceivedto be obtained by overcoming fears and Francisco Leon Guerrero did just that.Francisco Leon Guerrero was a politician, he was a member of the second GuamCongress. He showed that thinking would not do, but action is needed. He is anepitome of political courage due to his actions of opposing the Navy, histrials for the federal congress to approve their demands and his participationat the Guam Congress walkout all of which led Guam to achieve Americanism. When Guam was under the Naval rule, the governmentof Guam had no power, in fact it did not exist. The Guam Congress, on the otherhand, existed though they weren’t able to propose laws or any type oflegislation.
It was as if the Guam Congress was there for show. The people ofGuam wanted to oppose the Naval rule in the island, but no one had the courageto do so. Francisco Leon Guerrero chose to stand up against the NavalGovernment. He wanted a civil government. As a protest, he refused to stand upat the naval governor’s command. Due to his “insubordination”, he was sentencedto fifteen days of hard labor. He entered the politics when Franklin Rooseveltbecame the president.
He was a member of the 2nd Guam Congress where he saw theuselessness of the Guam Legislature with attempting to pass resolutions thatwould lead to American citizenship. They would always be denied. His tries were noteffortless. Sure, there were multiple times when he failed, but every time, heand his fellow members of the Guam Congress tried again and again. They triedtheir best to achieve Americanism. Francisco Leon Guerrero and his friend alsotraveled to Washington DC and introduced some bills that would grantcitizenship to the people of Guam, but unfortunately, the bill failed to pass.The Chamorros’ efforts to achieve citizenship and self-government were put onhold in 1941 when the Japanese occupied Guam during World War II. After threeyears, the Naval Government was implemented once again.
This time thegovernment seized the lands of Guam and discriminated against the Chamorroswhich lead to the big push for self-governance and citizenship. After World War II, Francisco Leon Guerreroand other Chamorros formed the Friends of Guam and made it their quest to endnaval rule on the island. The Guam Congress walked out of the hearing as a signof protest. The protest drew the attention of the press which made the U.SCongress and the current president, Harry Truman, to take action—the OrganicAct of Guam. The walkout was the harbinger of change. From the “frustrating”citizenship quest that was led in many decades by Francisco Leon Guerrero,himself, the walkout was the most openly rebellious act that Chamorros haddone. Inconclusion, Francisco Leon Guerrero showed true courage by his actions ofopposing the Navy, his trials for the federal congress to approve their demandsand his participation at the Guam Congress walkout all of which led the peopleof Guam to achieve Americanism.
It was not an easy journey. There were manyroadblocks along the way, but it was all success. Francisco’s perseveranceshowed that he truly was a person to be remembered, that his actions spokelouder than words. Without his leadership, his courageous deeds in helping Guamand its people, no Chamorros today would be living the comfort of being anAmerican.