Procrastination, or academic procrastination more specifically, is defined as “unnecessarily delaying academic activities, that one ultimately intended to complete” by Solomon and Rothblum (Seo). More simply procrastination is the act of putting something off until tomorrow what one intended to do today. Procrastination happens to almost everyone around the world throughout all different kinds of domains. The most popular form of procrastination occurs in students, where they procrastinate an assignment they are expected to complete by a specified deadline.”Approximately 70% of U.
S. college students engage in frequent academic procrastination” (Ferrari and Beck). Students use many different ways to distract themselves from what they need to do such as: sleeping, reading, or watching tv. If not those, excuses, usually about a false illness, is used to aid with the students procrastination process. Although it is an everyday occurance, the act of procrastination may be taking an emotional toll on students. According to Ferrari and Beck’s study on the before and after fraudulent excuses by academic procrastinators, they found that the procrastinators felt positive emotions before using their “phony excuse” but soon after experienced negative emotions including guilt or shame. Procrastination is also closely tied to perfectionism. A type of perfectionists, self oriented perfectionists, set unrealistically high standards for themselves and actively strive to meet goals due to their positive motivational component .
Eun Hee Seo, conducted a study on self-efficacy as a mediator in the relationship between self-oriented perfectionism and academic procrastination. She found that “students with high self-oriented perfectionism procrastinate less than others”(Seo). She also argued that perfectionism and academic procrastination both are two personality constructs that tend to reflect a negative self concept, a diminished sense of personal efficacy, and a lack of satisfaction with one’s self. Procrastination doesn’t just occur in an academic domain, it happens in all aspects of life.
Procrastination has been found in the workplace, among job seekers, filing taxes, preparing financially for retirement, in community-dwelling adults, and in leisure activities as stated by Klingsieck, a researcher at the University of Paderborn. In his present study regarding procrastination in different life domains he found that procrastination exist in all life domains and that procrastination is most typical among academics or work, do to the fact that people are less motivated in these domains. This study also produced the results saying “procrastination to be domain specific;” therefore encouraging different approaches to try and improve procrastination in each specific domain.
The increase in procrastination among college students had raised concerns about the development of internet addiction problems. The internet addiction rate among college students “is found to be 12.5%” ( Kim et.
al) . Internet addiction is a loss of control in internet behavior use, and can have negative impacts on an individual’s personal , financial, and professional life according to Jinha Kim, and the other authors in the article Effects of time perspective and self-control on procrastination and Internet addiction. Most commonly college students are the victims of procrastination and internet addiction due to the levels of stress they constantly endure. Studies have shown a “clear significant relationship” between time perspective, self-control, procrastination, and internet addiction (Kim et.al). Procrastination has already been found to negatively affect academic accomplishments and social relationships but it affects these things negatively because the procrastinator has the tendency to consider the present as overly important. This is because procrastination causes errors in time management and accurately predicting and managing time.
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