There are a lot of kinds of rockets, such as missiles, spacecrafts, aircrafts, and also other vehicles that contains thrust from a rocket engine. The first rocket which can fly up high enough to reach into space was the V2 missile which was launched by Germany in 1942, but the first rocket which actually launched something into space was used to launch the first satellite on October 4, 1957. CoolCosMos] Before rockets were invented, humans does not have a clue actually what has been happening in space besides receiving observations from a telescope. Besides spaces, humans also oesn?¤t have a clue when will there be an disaster, by the time they know it, there will be already a huge damage on that specific area.
Today, with the technology of creating rockets, NASA has been sending astronauts into space to observe earth and other planets, which does a lot of good environmental research, NASA has done a lot of work on studying the air quality, alternative energy, climate changes, and near earth objects, so whenever there?¤s a typhoon, earthquake, or any other natural disaster, we could known Though ancient Indians were known to have knowledge bout rocket science- it being used in during wars- it was only after independence that the process of exploring space really accelerated.
It was Dr. Vikram Sarabhai who founded the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) in Ahmedabad on November 1 1, 1947. This was the first step that India took towards becoming a space power. Our first biggest success was on April 19, 1975, when India launched its first satellite into space. It was launched by the Soviet Union from Kapustin Yar using a Cosmos-3M launch vehicle. The ‘Aryabhata’ was named after a 5th century Indian athematician, who founded concepts of the numerical value zero and many astronomical calculations in around 500 AD.
After that India has sent a number of satellites into space, notably the Apple (1981), Bhaskara -l (1979) and Bhaskara -II (1981), INSAT-I senes (IA, -1B, -IC and -ID), INSAT-2 senes (2A, -2B, -2C and -2D), IRS-senes (IA, -1B, -1 E, +2, -IC, +3, -ID), Rohtnt (IA, 1B, 2 and 3) and Sross. Also, India has developed various Launch vehicles that make a space programme independent and are the most important technological measure of its advancement.
Prominent among them are Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV), Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle (ASLV), Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (6SLV). India in Space: A Timeline 1961 : The government put “Space Research” under the Jurisdiction of the Department of Atomic Energy Sarabhai as Chairman; Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) also formed Nov 1963: TERLS launched the first sounding rocket 1969: Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) formed 1972-76: ISRO conducts air-borne remote sensing experiments
April 19, 1975: Aryabhata- the first Indian satellite launched 1979: Bhaskara-l fired into space on June 7 On August 10, ISRO launched SLV-3 with Rohini Technology Payload on board. However, the satellite could not be placed in orbit. The Second Experimental launch of SLV-3; Rohini satellite successfully placed in orbit on July 18. 1981: An experimental geo-stationary communication satellite – APPLE successfully launched on June 19. Bhaskara-ll launched on November 20, 1981. (The Bhaskara satellites are named after a 17th Century Indian astronomer and was eant to study ocean and land surface data at a cost Rs. 5 million) From 1982 to 2003, India sent a series of INSAT or the Indian National Satellite System into space proving its mastery in space science. INSAT is a series of multipurpose Geo-Stationary satellites for telecommunications, broadcasting and meteorology needs. April 10, 1982: INSAT-IA launched 1983: INSAT-IB, launched on August 30 1984: Indo-Soviet manned space mission on April 1984 July 21, 1988: INSAT-IC July 10, 1992: INSAT-2A launched July 23, 1993: INSAT-2B December 7, 1995: INSAT-2C June 4, 1997: INSAT-2D
April 3, 1999: INSAT-2E launched by Ariane from Kourou French Guyana May 26, 1999: Indian Remote Sensing Satellite, IRS-P4 (OCEANSAT), launched by Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C2) along with Korean KITSAT-3 and German DLR- TUBSAT from Sriharikota March 22, 2000: INSAT-3B launched by Ariane from Kourou French Guyana, October 22, 2001 : PSLV-C3 successfully launched three satellites Technology Experiment Satellite (TES) of ISRO, BIRD of Germany and PROBA of Belgium. January 24, 2002: Successful launch of INSAT-3C by Ariane from Kourou French Guyana
September 12, 2002: PSLV-C4 successfully launched KALPANA-I satellite from Sriharikota 2003: ??? INSAT-3A launched by Ariane from Kourou French Guyana, (April 10, 2003). ??? Successful launch of INSAT-3E on September 28, 2003. ??? ISRO ‘s Polar Satellite Launch vehicle, PSLV-C5, successfully launched RESOURCESAT-I (IRS-P6) satellite from srihartkota(october 17, 2003). 2004: Maiden operational flight of GSLV (GSLV-FOI) launched EDUSAT from SDSC SHAR, srihartkota (September 20, 2004) 2005: ??? PSLV-C6 carnes CARTOSAT-I and HAMSAT satellites from srihartkota on May 5, 2005 into orbit. ? Launch of INSAT-4A by Ariane from Kourou French Guyana, (December 22, 2005). 2007 : ??? ISRO launches India’s CARTOSAT-2 and Space Capsule Recovery Experiment January 10, 2007. Successful recovery of SRE-I from Bay of Bengal after it reenter the earth’s atmosphere on January 22, 2007 – a crucial operation that will help India in mastering the know how of reentering earth atmosphere from space. Successful launch of INSAT-4B by Ariane-5 from Kourou French Guyana, (March 12, 2007). PSLV-C8 successfully launched Italian astronomical satellite AGILE from Sriharikota n April 23.
Successful launch of GSLV with INSAT-4CR on board from SDSC SHAR on September 2. 2008: PSLV-CIO successfully launches TECSAR satellite under a commercial contract with Antrix Corporation on January 21 , 2008. PSLV-C9 successfully launches CARTOSAT-2A, ‘MS-I and 8 foreign satellites from Sriharikota on April 28. Chandrayaan-l launched by a modified version of the PSLV XL on 22 October 2008 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh at 06:23 1ST Moon Impact Probe lands on Moon ‘s south pole on November 14